NET November 2017 Expected Questions on Education Set 3 Part - 1 (Download PDF)

()

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 204.18 K)

Here we will be covering solutions of the most important questions for upcoming November 2017 NET exam on education. We will be continuing the series with environment and computers which is gaining importance based on the current trend. Also note since this time there is no choice for paper 1 questions and all 50 questions are compulsory, you need to have a strong preparation for all topics including higher education.

Loading video•••

Expected Questions CBSE NET November 2017 Paper 1: Higher Education Set 3 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains the what to expect for 2017 Paper 1 - higher education set 3

Nai Roshni Scheme: Minority Women

  • Women empowerment and Leadership Development Program for Minority Women in 2012 - 13
  • Confidence among minority women, including their neighbours from other communities
  • Women and children being worst sufferers in a poverty-stricken family need most support.
  • Empowering women, especially mothers.
  • Embolden minority women to move out and assume leadership roles and assert their rights
  • “Nai Roshni” run with the help of NGOs, Civil societies and Government Institutions.

Trained women are helping families & neighbours in raising essential demands and claims from various Government authorities.

Nai Udaan

Financial Assistance for Minority Community Candidates Selected in the Civil Services Examination Financial assistance under “Nai Udaan” for coaching for administrative services examination will be increased for youth belonging to Minority communities- Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Jain, Buddhist and Parsi.

National Achievement Survey (NAS), Government Education Programs & Teachers’ Performance

Government is running a number of schemes for education.

Elementary Education: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Mid-Day Meal, Strengthening of Teachers Training Institute, Schemes for Infrastructure Development of Private Aided/Unaided Minority Institutes (IDMI), Mahila Samakhya, Strengthening for providing quality Education in Madrassas (SPQEM)

Secondary Education: Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), Inclusive Education for Disable at Secondary Stage (IEDSS), Incentives to Girls at Secondary Stage, National Merit cum Means Scholarship, Financial Assistance for Appointment of language Teachers, Adolescence Education Program, Girls Hostel, Model School, ICT at School, Vocationalization of Secondary Education, Model School Under PPP Mode

Adult Education: Saakshar Bharat, State Resource Center (SRCs), Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs), Assistance to Voluntary Agencies, and Teacher Education

  • Sarva Shiskha Abhiyan (SSA) and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) to improve teaching standards:
  1. Regular in-service teachers’ training
  2. Recruitment of additional teachers for improving pupil-teacher ratio
  3. Academic support for teachers through block and cluster resource centers
  4. Maths and Science kits and lab equipment
  5. Special teaching for learning enhancement
  6. ICT facilities in schools
  7. Vocational education component at the secondary level
  • Activities under ‘Unnati’ project to improve English language skills.
  • States and UTs are helped on early grade reading, writing, & comprehension, and early Mathematics programs through sub-program of SSA namely ‘Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat’ (PBBB) in classes I and II.
  • Rashtriya Aavishkar Abhiyan (RAA) program, a sub-component of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) - motivates children of 6 - 18 years in Science, Mathematics and Technology through observation, experimentation, inference drawing, model building, etc.

National Achievement Survey (NAS)

NCERT conducts periodic national surveys of learning achievement of children in classes III, V and VIII and X. 4 rounds conducted for class V and 3 rounds for classes III & VIII.

  • Improvement in learning achievement levels from first round to fourth round.
  • Privately managed schools performed better than Government and Government Aided schools, in all the subjects
  • Only first round of NAS conducted at class X level- not possible to comment on the comparative learning achievement.

New National Achievement Survey (NAS)

  • Government to now conduct NAS with district as the sampling unit.
  • Include reference on class-wise, subject-wise Learning Outcomes for each class in Languages (Hindi, English and Urdu), Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Science and Social Science
  • Students learning assessment will be according to the Learning Outcomes developed by NCERT.

Scheme “Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of India (SPPEL) ” for Protection of Dialects

Implemented by Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore

Aims to protect, preserve, and document all mother tongues and languages of India spoken by less than 10,000 people.

Dialects being part of a language are covered under this program.

  • UGC has a Scheme for “Establishment of Centres for Endangered Languages” with centres approved in nine Central Universities.
  • 7 Universities approved for UGC grants under scheme ‘Funding support to the State Universities for study and research in indigenous and endangered language in India’
  • Project between Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda & BHASA, a Non-Governmental Organization for Promotion and Preservation of Indigenous and Endangered languages approved by UGC.

Difference between a Dialect and a Language?

  • Mutual intelligibility: Two languages where speakers can understand each other are considered dialects of the same language, whereas two languages where the speakers cannot understand each other are separate languages.
  • Historically two dialects with close enough continuous contact will remain mutually intelligible. With enough separation in time and space dialects will eventually turn into separate languages

State of Indian Languages

  1. There are 22 major languages in India, written in 13 different scripts, with over 720 dialects.
  2. Official language as Hindi written in the Devanagari script, as well as English.
  3. No national language declared by the Constitution
  4. Hindi and English used for official purposes such as parliamentary proceedings, judiciary etc.

Schemes for Welfare of Tribal Women

  • Scheme of Girls & Boys Hostels for STs: Central assistance given to States for construction or extension of hostel buildings- 100 % central share for girls’ hostel and for boys’ hostel in Naxal affected areas. Funding for other hostels is on 50: 50 basis.
  • Scheme for Strengthening Education among ST Girls in Low Literacy Districts: Scheme being implemented in 54 identified low literacy Districts where the ST population is 25 % or more, and ST female literacy rate is below 35%, or its fractions, as per 2001 census. Other tribal blocks fulfilling this criteria are also covered. Areas inhabited by Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) and naxalite affected areas are given priority. 100 % assistance for running and maintenance of educational complexes for ST girls which include free education, boarding and lodging, books, uniforms, medical help, coaching, incentives to girls, awards, etc. Scheme converges Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidhyalaya
  • Scholarships: Pre Matric Scholarship, Post Matric Scholarship, National Overseas Scholarship, Scholarship for Top Class Education and Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for ST students.
  • Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Scheme (SCA to TSS) (SCA to Tribal Sub Plan or TSP) : It is 100 % grant for providing support for education, health, sanitation, water supply, livelihood, skill development, minor infrastructure etc.
  • Grants under Article 275 (1) of Constitution: It is 100 % grant to promote welfare of ST or raise level of administration of Scheduled Areas. Funds are provided for various sectoral interventions.
  • Adivasi Mahila Sashaktikaran Yojana: National ST Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC), under Ministry of Tribal Affairs provides loans to ST women for income generation activity at concessional rate of 4 % per annum.
  • Following schemes by Ministry of Women and Child Development benefit all women, including ST women:
  1. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
  2. One Stop Centre Scheme
  3. Women Helpline Scheme
  4. UJJAWALA: A Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-integration of Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation
  5. Working Women Hostel
  6. Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme for the Children of Working Mothers.

Which are Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)?

Have low development indices based on Dhebar Commission report & satisfy one of the following requirements:

  • Practice of hunting and gathering
  • Zero or negative population growth
  • Extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups

Schemes for Tribal Education

  • Ashram Schools: Funds provided for making residential schools for STs for primary, middle, secondary and senior secondary level of education.
  • ST Hostels: Central assistance given for construction of new hostel buildings or extension of existing hostels.
  • Scheme of strengthening education among ST Girls in Low Literacy Districts: 100 % assistance given for running and maintaining educational complexes for ST girls.
  • Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs) : EMRS set up with capacity of 480 students per school to provide quality middle and higher education to ST students.
  • Scholarships: Post-Matric Scholarship for ST Students and Pre-Matric Scholarship for ST students of IX & X.
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs provides a series of measures to address dropouts, and for continuing education of tribal children including:
  1. Development of Bilingual Primers containing text both in regional and tribal language
  2. School vacation to be in synchronization with major tribal festivals
  3. Residential schools (200 - 300 students capacity) in block headquarters
  4. 100 % screening of children for Sickle Cell Anemia or Trait,
  5. 100 % physical enrolment of children.
  • 109 special focus districts identified.
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) scheme provides residential schools for girls at upper primary level with minimum of 75 % seats are for minority, SC, ST and OBC girls. KGBVs cover 69 % ST girls in ST Special Focus Districts.

Tribal Financial Schemes

National ST Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC- Ministry of Tribal Affairs), provides concessional loan to individuals or groups of STs for undertaking Income Generation Activities through State Channelizing Agencies and PSU Banks upto double the poverty line limit of Rs. 98,000/- p. a. for rural areas and Rs. 1,20,000/- p. a. for urban areas.

Schemes of NSTFDC

  • Term Loan scheme: NSTFDC provides Term Loan for any income generation scheme upto 90 % of the cost of the scheme, costing upto Rs. 25 lakhs per unit.
  • Adivasi Mahila Sashaktikaran Yojana (AMSY) : ST women get loans upto 90 % for scheme costing upto Rs. 1 lakh at a concessional rate of interest.
  • Micro Credit Scheme for Self Help Groups: Provides loans upto Rs. 50,000/- per member and Rs. 5 Lakhs per Self Help Group (SHG).
  • Adivasi Shiksha Rrinn Yojana: Financial assistance upto Rs. 5 lakh is provided to ST students for pursuing professional education including Ph. D.
  • Tribal Forest Dwellers Empowerment Scheme: Financial assistance to ST given land rights under ST and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 through loan upto 90 % of the scheme provided.
  • Scheme for NGOs: Provides loans upto Rs. 50,000 per SHG through NGOs.

Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership

Government of India approved the establishment of Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership (GCNEP) at village Jasaur Kheri & Kheri Jasaur, near Bahadur Garh, District Jhajjar, Haryana. GCNEP sixth R&D unit under Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).

5 Schools

  1. School of Advanced Nuclear Energy System Studies (SANESS)
  2. School of Nuclear Security Studies (SNSS)
  3. School on Radiological Safety Studies (SRSS)
  4. School of Nuclear Material Characterization Studies (SNMCS)
  5. School for Studies on Applications of Radioisotopes and Radiation Technologies (SARRT)

Niti Aayog Vice-Chairman Arvind Panagariya Resigns

Panagariya had joined as the first vice-chairman of the Niti Aayog in January 2015.

  • Indian-American, first Vice Chairman of Niti Aayog, is second high profile academic-economist after former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan to quit a top job in India to return to the teaching profession in the US.

About Dr. Arvind Panagariya

  • Panagariya is a close associate of noted trade economist Jagdish Bhagwati
  • Honoured with Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian honors, in March 2012.
  • Holds PhD from the Princeton University
  • Worked with the Asian Development Bank, World Bank, IMF, and UNCTAD in various capacities.
  • Would join Columbia University, USA
Loading video•••

Expected Questions CBSE NET November 2017 Paper 1: Higher Education Set 3 (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains the what to expect for 2017 Paper 1 - higher education set 3

- Published/Last Modified on: September 5, 2017

NTA NET-JRF Upd.

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for UGC Sociology- fully solved questions with step-by-step exaplanation- practice your way to success.

Developed by: