NET November 2017 Expected Questions on Education Set 3 - (Part - 3) (Download PDF)

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Here we will be covering solutions of the most important questions for upcoming November 2017 NET exam on education. We will be continuing the series with environment and computers which is gaining importance based on the current trend. Also note since this time there is no choice for paper 1 questions and all 50 questions are compulsory, you need to have a strong preparation for all topics including higher education.

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Expected Questions CBSE NET November 2017 Paper 1: Higher Education Set 3 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains the what to expect for 2017 Paper 1 - higher education set 3

National Academic Depository (NAD)

  • National Academic Depository (NAD) is an initiative of MHRD
  • Facilitate digital issuance, storage, access and verification of Academic Awards issued by Academic Institutions.
  • Initiative under “Digital India” theme towards achieving Digital enablement of the Education Records.
  • Digital, Online, Trusted, Verifiable Certificates which are accessible in a secure manner at all times

Gharib Nawaz Skill Development Centres

Short term job oriented skill development course for youths belonging to minority communities. Besides providing various job-oriented skill development courses, Gharib Nawaz Skill Development Centres of Ministry of Minority Affairs will also offer certificate course in GST accounting and programming and other related subjects.

  • “Centres of empowerment” of Minority youths. 100 Navoday Vidyalaya type schools will be opened in Minority concentrated areas & 23 Gurukul type residential schools.
  • Would be established in 100 districts of India with Nai Udaan scheme
  • Provide quality education to each and every child, launched by Ministry of Minority Affairs as mega education campaign “Tahrik-e-Taleem”.

“3E”- Education, Employment, Empowerment to ensure Minorities becoming part of mainstream development process.

National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) plays a vital role in implementation of various schemes of Minority Affairs Ministry at the grass root level.

JIGYASA

Jigyasa, a student- scientist connect program launched by CSIR & Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) to promote scientific temperament in the students.

  • Signing of MoU between CSIR & KVS to extend student’s classroom learning with that of a very well planned research laboratory based learning.
  • Enable students and teachers to practically live the theoretical concepts taught in science by visiting CSIR laboratories and by participating in mini-science projects.
  • Connect 1151 KVS with 38 National Laboratories of CSIR targeting 100,000 students and nearly 1000 teachers annually
  • Major initiative taken up by CSIR at national level, during its Platinum Jubilee Celebration Year.

World Class Minority Institutions

  • A high-level 11-member committee, under Ministry of Minority Affairs to chalk a roadmap for educational empowerment of Minorities.
  • Establish 5 world class educational institutions for traditional and modern education to minority students in technical, medical, Ayurveda, Unani fields.
  • Institutes can get started in next two years.
  • Proposed 40 % reservation for girls

HRD Ministry: No Detention Policy to Be Removed from Next Academic Year

HRD Ministry to remove no-detention policy from the next academic year. The rule stated that Under the Right to Education Act, no child was to be detained or held back in any class or expelled till the completion of elementary education covering classes 1 to 8.

No-Detention Policy

  • Students up to class VIII automatically promoted to the next class even if they do not get a passing grade.
  • Implemented as part of the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) under the RTE Act
  • Prevent dropouts & create pressure fear environment

CCE lays emphasis on evaluating a child through the year- not just in one or two term exams.

TSR Subramanian committee on Education recommended the no detention policy till Class V and exams be held from Class VI onwards.

Vasudev Devnani committee earlier recommended the revocation of No-Detention Policy.

Science Express

The current theme is ‘Science Express Climate Action Special (SECAS) ’ focusing on Climate Change and Science & Technology

About Science Express

  • Successfully completed 8 phases of journey which included 4 phases as ‘Science Express’, 3 phases as ‘Biodiversity Special’ and another as ‘Climate Action Special’.
  • Flagship program of the Dept. of Science & Technology (DST)
  • Innovative mobile science exhibition on a 16 coach AC train, traveling across India since October 2007
  • Exhibiting at 495 locations
  • Entry is free and open to all
  • Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre (VASCSC), Ahmedabad manages SECAS across India.
  • Longest running and the most visited mobile science exhibition with twelve records in the Limca Book
  • Phase I to IV exhibit research in Science and Technology
  • Phase V to VII based on biodiversity
  • Phase VIII was this years ‘Science Express Climate Action Special (SECAS) ‘
  • Solar panels installed on the rooftop of Science Express coaches 11 - 13 for harnessing solar energy.

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), South Asia Regional Center (ISARC) at National Seed Research and Training Center (NSRTC) in Varanasi

Establishment in Varanasi

  • Centre of Excellence in Rice Value Addition (CERVA) to be set up in Varanasi
  • Modern laboratory to determine quality and status of heavy metals in grain and straw.
  • Enable capacity building across the rice value chain
  • First international center in eastern India for harnessing and sustaining rice production.

About National Seed Research and Training Centre

  • Established by Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare
  • For conducting field experiments & grow out tests in off-season.
  • Have a separate National Seed Quality Control Laboratory serving as a Central Seed Testing Laboratory (CSTL)
  • CSTL to keep uniformity in seed testing among all State Seed Testing Laboratories at the national level

All Higher Institutes to Take Ranking Test

All higher institutes to join the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) with the number of institutes participating in the rating dropped to 2,995 in 2017, from 3563 in 2016. HRD ministry to relax criteria for rankings.

  • India has 39,000 colleges, 11,000 standalone institutions, and over 760 universities for total of 51,000 institutions.
  • NIRF saw participation of only 6 % institutes due to lack of awareness, non-eligibility or lack of documentation.

UGC: Degrees for Online Courses

  • New draft of regulations for Online Education
  • Helpful for students and executives to get UGC recognized degrees online except for engineering, medicine, dental, pharmacy, nursing, architecture, and physiotherapy
  • With “Swayam”, universities offer 20 % of their courses through Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). With new regulation, institutions can design, develop, and deliver online programs leading to the award of a degree or diploma via internet, once recognized.
  • Delivery process can be online or via a suitably designed online technology platform

Advantages of Online Learning

  • Learning Anything
  • Comfort and Safety
  • Self-Paced
  • Lower Costs

Professor Yash Pal No More

Yash Pal (26 November 1926 – 24 July 2017) will be remembered as an Indian scientist, educator and educationist known for study of cosmic rays, and for building Indian institutions for education

  • Started career at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)
  • Served as chairperson of UGC from 1986 to 1991.
  • He also served the nation as Chief Consultant of Planning Commission and Member of Scientific Council, International Centre for Theoretical Physics.
  • Known for his contribution to the study of cosmic rays
  • Served as chancellor of JNU, New Delhi from March 2007 to March 2012

Awards

  • Honored with the Padma Bhushan (1976) & Padma Vibhushan (2013), the third and second highest Indian civilian honors.
  • Received Indira Gandhi Prize for Popularization of Science (2000) and Meghnad Saha Medal (2006) for his outstanding contribution to science
  • In 2009, received Kalinga Prize, by UNESCO for the popularization of science.
  • Awarded the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for excellence in public administration, academics and management

Educationist: School Education

  • 1970s: Path breaking Hoshangabad Science Teaching Program
  • 1993: Served in National Advisory Committee with report entitled “Learning without Burden” regarded as a seminal document in Indian education.
  • Chaired steering committee on NCERT for drawing up the National Curriculum Framework

Higher Education

Chaired committee on higher education for examining reform of higher education in India. Committee emphasized idea of a university, and advocated a number of major structural changes.

Science for Children: Schemes and Programs

Department of Science & Technology (DST) has used several mechanisms, schemes, programs and projects across the entire length and breadth of the country to popularize science.

National Children’s Science Congress (NCSC)

  • Launched in 1992 to encourage and engage school students in the age group 10–17 years to find possible science and technology (S&T) solutions for challenges in local localities and communities.
  • Each year, about 500,000 rural & urban students participate at the District level competitions.

India International Science Festival (IISF)

Conglomeration of different scientific components, with a focus on students and the young scientists-

  • Science Village (3000 school students from rural background)
  • Young Scientist Conference (with 3000 scientists from various R&D institutions)
  • Mega Science Expo with the participation of all the scientific and R&D institutions across India

Supported by Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences in association with Vijnana Bharati for the second successive year in 2016.

National Council of Science Museum (NCSM)

  • Comes under Ministry of Culture
  • Organizes Science & Engineering Fair, Innovation Festivals and Mobile Science Exhibition Program.
  • Has fleet of 24 exhibition buses with science exhibits traveling in rural areas mainly

Science Scholarship to Women

‘Women Scientist Scheme’ of DST, provides career opportunities with fellowship to unemployed women scientists and technologists for pursuing research in frontier areas of Science and Engineering.

  • Women Scientists Scheme-A (WOS-A) for conducting research in Basic & Applied Sciences
  • Women Scientists Scheme-B (WOS-B) for S&T interventions for Societal Benefit
  • Women Scientists Scheme-C (WOS-C) for Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) professional

Achievements

  • 400 women scientists awarded financial support under Women Scientist Scheme
  • 30 % absorbed in mainstream through regular employment
  • 40 % able to complete their PhD while pursuing the program
  • Not a centrally sponsored scheme, hence no State or UT wise allocation of funds

International Scholarship for Women

  • AAUW International Fellowships for Women: Full-time study or research in USA to women not US citizens or permanent residents.
  • Schlumberger Foundation Faculty for the Future Fellowships for Women: Fellowships to women from developing and emerging economies to pursue PhD or Post-doctorate studies in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines worldwide.
  • Margaret McNamara Memorial Fund for Women: Grants to women from developing and middle-income countries to further their education and strengthen the professional and leadership skills
  • PEO International Peace Scholarship for Women: Provides scholarships to women from other countries for graduate study in USA & Canada.
  • UNESCO-L’Oreal Fellowships For Women in Science: L’Oreal in partnership with UNESCO, awards fellowships to women researchers pursuing doctoral or post-doctoral research programs in life sciences
  • Amelia Earhart Fellowship for Women in Aerospace-related Sciences and Engineering: 35 women pursuing doctoral degrees in aerospace-related sciences or aerospace-related engineering.
  • Google Anita Borg Memorial Scholarships for Women: Encourages women to excel in computing and technology.

Government Schemes for Education Loans

Central Scheme to provide Interest Subsidy (CSIS): Full interest subsidy available to economically weaker students, for studies in India, for educational loans disbursed on or after 1st April, 2009 during the period of moratorium.

Padho Pardesh Scheme: Awards interest subsidy to meritorious economically weaker students of notified minority communities for overseas studies.

Dr Ambedkar Central Sector Scheme of Interest Subsidy on Educational Loan for Overseas Studies for OBC: Interest payable for the period of moratorium is borne by the Government.

Vidya Lakshmi Portal: Allows students to apply online and track education loans facilitating processing and disbursal of loans. All Scheduled Commercial Banks provide Education Loan to students with simple interest charged during the study period up to commencement of repayment. Accrued interest is added to the principal amount for calculating the repayment EMI (Equated Monthly Instalment).

Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Education Loans (CGFSEL): Provides collateral free loan upto Rs. 7.5 lakh.

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Expected Questions CBSE NET November 2017 Paper 1: Higher Education Set 3 (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains the what to expect for 2017 Paper 1 - higher education set 3

- Published/Last Modified on: September 5, 2017

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