# Psychology Paper –II July 2018 – Set 1 Q. 1 to 25 (Download PDF)

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Psychology CBSE NET this time was pretty different from the previous papers with lots of focus on development, regional geography and statistics. Questions from remote sensing were very less. We have provided the detailed solutions to the questions at Doorsteptutor-CBSE-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Psychology (Paper-II) . For preparation for paper 1 check out our link at Doorsteptutor - CBSE-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Paper-I. We would be coming up with many further videos and topics so stay subscribed at https://www.youtube.com/c/Examrace.

CBSE NET July 2018 Psychology Paper 2 (Q. 1 - 25): Answer Keys, Solutions & Explanations

NOTE: Q. 11 - correct answer is B (there is positive correlation upto certain level and no correlation beyond it)

1. In Erikson’s theory, which psycho-social crises proceed and succeed Autonomy v/s Shame:

(A) Basic trust v/s mistrust and Industry v/s Inferiority.

(B) Initiative v/s Guilt and Industry v/s Inferiority.

(C) Industry v/s Inferiority and Identity v/s Role confusion.

(D) Basic trust v/s mistrust and Initiative v/s Guilt.

2. Read each of the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below:

Assertion (A): Horner found high level of motive to avoid success or fear of success in females.

Reason (R): As a result of success, the threat of social rejection and fear concerning perceived lack of femininity are aroused in women.

Code:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

3. Match List –I with List –II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below:

 List - I (Concept) List - II (Explanation) (a) Life Space (i) Unlearned fixed stereotyped pattern of activity. (b) Instinctual Behaviour (ii) Psychological reality depicting the totality of facts that determine behaviour at a moment in true. It counts of environment as perceived by the person. (c) Vacuum Behaviour (iii) Tendency to resume the previously unfinished task during intervening period. (d) Task Resumption (iv) Behaviour patterns that appear when the sign stimulus is not identifiable.

Code: (a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(B) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(C) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

4. Read each of the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below:

Assertion (A): Perceived fairness of the interpersonal treatment is used to determine organizational outcomes.

Reason (R): People expect informational transparency and respect in organizations.

Code:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

5. Match List –I with List –II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below:

 List - I (Concept) List - II (Explanation) (a) Episodic retrieval (i) Physical environment at retrieval matching that at encoding. (b) Context –dependent retrieval (ii) Mood at retrieval matching that at encoding. (c) State –dependent retrieval (iii) Retrieval stimulated by hints from the external and internal environment. (d) Cue –dependent retrieval (iv) Subsequent reactivation of stored memory traces.

Code: (a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(B) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)

(C) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)

(D) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)

6. Read each of the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below:

Assertion (A): Rational persuasion refers to the use of logical arguments and facts to persuade others for achieving a desired result.

Reason (R): Managers Use several techniques to influence others in organizations.

Code:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

7. Match List –I with List –II and select correct answer by choosing from code given below:

 List - I (Concept) List - II (Explanation) (a) Counter –conditioning (i) After conditioning, a new CS (B) when paired with already conditioned stimulus CS (A) and presented as a compound stimulus, little or no conditioning occurs to CS (B). (b) Blocking (ii) Elimination of undesirable behaviour by pairing CS with US other than the one that originally reinforced that behaviour. (c) Overshadowing (iii) Inhibition of conditioned response caused by conditioned emotional response. (d) Conditioned Suppression (iv) While using compound CS where one of its component is more salient than the other, only the salient component is conditional.

Code: (a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

(B) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(C) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

8. Match List –I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below:

 List-I (Concept) List-II (Explanation) (a) Convergence (i) If you see a distant mountain range on a crystal -clear day it looks like it was only a few miles away. (b) Frame of reference (ii) When the two images are fused into one overall image. (c) Stereoscopic vision (iii) When we look at a distant object the lines of vision from our eyes are parallel. Looking at a nearby object the eyes turn in. (d) Aerial perspective (iv) An internal perspective relative to which events are perceived.

Code: (a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(B) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)

(C) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)

(D) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

9. Read each of the following statement - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below:

Assertion (A): Perception remains constant although the proximal sensation changes.

Reason (R): Our perceptual system has mechanisms that adjust our perception of the proximal stimulus.

Code:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

10. Match List –I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below:

 List –I (Concept) List –II (Description) (a) Physiological Psychology (i) Studies the psychological effects of brain damage in human patients. (b) Neuropsychology (ii) Studies the neural mechanisms of behaviour by manipulating the nervous systems of non-human animals in controlled experiments. (c) Psychophysiology (iii) Studies the relation between physiological activity and psychological processes in human subjects by non-invasive physiological recording. (d) Cognitive Neuroscience (iv) Studies the neural mechanisms of human cognition, mainly by using functional brain imaging techniques.

Code: (a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(B) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(C) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

11. Which of the following explains the Threshold Hypothesis regarding Intelligence – Creativity relationship?

(A) There is a positive correlation between Intelligence and Creativity.

(B) There is a positive correlation between Intelligence and Creativity upto a particular level of Intelligence.

(C) There is a positive correlation between Intelligence and Creativity beyond a particular level of Intelligence.

(D) There is a negative correlation between Intelligence and Creativity beyond a particular level of Intelligence.

12. Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below:

 List –I (Concept) List –II (Description) (a) Concordance (i) Percentage of cases in which, if specific gene is present, a particular trait, characteristic or disease will actually manifest itself in the fully developed organism. (b) Penetrance (ii) Relationship between twins or other family members with respect to a given trait. (c) Prevalence (iii) Number of new cases of specific condition or disease that arise during a particular period of time. (d) Incidence (iv) Frequency of occurrence of a given condition among a certain population at a particular point of time.

Code: (a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(B) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(C) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

13. Which of the following significant changes have been incorporated in DSM-5?

(a) The title of the manual is not DSM-V, but DSM-5, a deliberate shift from traditional Roman numerals used in previous editions toward Arabic numerals.

(b) Multiaxial Assessment System - a central feature of DSM since its introduction in DSM - III in 1980, has been dropped altogether from DSM-5.

(c) DSM-5 authors have overhauled the manual to emphasise neuropsychological or biological roots of mental disorders.

(d) DSM-5 authors have removed 5 of 10 personality disorders previously included in that section. Dropped disorders are paranoid, schizoid, histrionic, dependent and narcissistic personality disorders.

Code:

(A) (a), (b), (c) are correct; (d) is incorrect.

(B) (b), (c) and (d) are correct; (a) is incorrect.

(C) (a) and (b) are correct; (c) and (d) are incorrect.

(D) (c) and (d) are correct; (a) and (b) are incorrect.

14. Which one of the trait theories/models is/are NOT based on factor analytic methodology?

(a) Allport’s Theory

(b) Costa and McCrae’s Model

(c) Goldberg’s Model

(d) Eysenck’s Theory

Code:

(A) (a) only

(B) (a) and (c) only

(C) (b) and (c) only

(D) (b) and (d) only

15. The factors that operate with deep levels of processing are:

(a) Distinctiveness

(b) Sameness

(c) Elaboration

(d) Physical contours

Code:

(A) (a) and (b) only

(B) (b) and (c) only

(C) (b) and (d) only

(D) (a) and (c) only

16. Observation learning involves following processes. Arrange them in the correct Sequence:

(a) Attentional processes

(b) Retention processes

(c) Production processes

(d) Motivational processes

Code:

(A) (a) $\to$ (b) $\to$ (c) $\to$ (d)

(B) (a) $\to$ (d) $\to$ (b) $\to$ (C)

(C) (d) $\to$ (a) $\to$ (b) $\to$ (c)

(D) (a) $\to$ (b) $\to$ (d) $\to$ (c)

17. Key issues in the study of environmental effects on intelligence are:

(a) Reaction Range

(b) Proximal and Distal Causation

(c) Colinearity

(d) Environment Sphere

Code:

(A) (a), (b) and (c) only

(B) (a), (b) and (d) only

(C) (b), (c) and (d) only

(D) (a), (c) and (d) only

18. Read each of the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below:

Assertion (A): According to two factor theory, cognitive appraisal of cues in the environment helps the individual label the emotions.

Reason (R): An individual is aroused when he confronts any emotion producing event.

Code:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

19. Whether we can be affected by stimuli that remain outside our conscious awareness has been examined by researches using a technique called:

(A) Cuing

(B) Visualization

(C) Imagery

(D) Priming

20. Which of the following sequences depicts Erikson’s stages of development correctly?

(A) Oral sensory$\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\to \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}$Muscular anal $\to \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}$locomotor genital $\to$ Latency $\to$ Adolescence $\to$Adulthood.

(B) Muscular anal $\to$ Oral sensory $\to$ locomotor genital $\to$ Latency $\to$Adolescence$\to$ Adulthood

(C) Oral Sensory $\to$ Muscular anal $\to$ Latency $\to$ Locomotor genital $\to$Adolescence$\to$ Adulthood.

(D) Muscular anal $\to$ locomotor genital $\to$ Oral sensory $\to$ Latency $\to$Adolescence$\to$ Adulthood.

21. Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below:

 List –I (Concept) List –II (Description) (a) Magnocellular System (i) Discrimination of fine detail and color (b) Parvocellular System (ii) Specialized for brightness contrast and for movement. (c) Fourier Analysis (iii) Neurons that fire most when they receive input from both ears at the same time. (d) Coincidence Detectors (iv) Analysis of a complex wave into sine wave components.

Code: (a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(B) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(C) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

22. Match List -I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below:

 List –I (Concept) List –II (Description) (a) Inductive thought (i) Thought that is intuitive and haphazard. (b) Logical thought (ii) Thought that applies a general set of rules to specific situations. (c) Deductive thought (iii) Drawing conclusions on the basis of principles of learning. (d) Illogical thought (iv) Thinking in which a principle is inferred from a series of specific examples.

Code: (a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(B) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)

(C) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

23. Which of the following personality questionnaires have a lie scale?

(a) Edward Personality Preference Schedule

(b) Eysenck Personality Questionnaire

(c) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Questionnaire

(d) Rotter’s Locus of Control Scale.

Code:

(A) (a) and (b) only

(B) (a) and (c) only

(C) (b) and (c) only

(D) (a), (b) and (c) only

24. Read the following statements and describe which are correct:

(a) Archetypes are themes that have existed in all cultures through history.

(b) Personal unconscious is the region next to ego which consists of all the forgotten experiences that have lost their intensity.

(c) Masculine archetype in men is called animus.

(d) Persona is a compromise between demands of the environment and necessities of individuals.

Code:

(A) (a), (b) and (c) are correct; (d) is not correct.

(B) (b), (c) and (d) are correct; (a) is not correct.

(C) (a), (b) and (d) are correct; (c) is not correct.

(D) (a), (c) and (d) are correct; and (b) is not correct.

25. George Sperling (1960) studied iconic memory using:

(a) Partial-report procedure

(b) Whole-report procedure

(c) Self-report procedure

(d) Backward procedure

Code:

(A) (a) only

(B) (d) only

(C) (a) and (c) only

(D) (b) and (d) only