UGC Going to Introduce Choice Based Credit System (CBCS)

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University Grants Commission (UGC) has decided to introduce Choice based Credit System as a part of New Education Policy (NEP) initiative of Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) , Govt. in order to promote higher education in our country.

In this regard UGC has already introduced several steps to bring objectivity, efficiency and academic excellence in National Higher Education System. Recent Education System has lack of knowledge, Confidence, value & Skill, Relation between educations and employment.

Majority of Indian higher education institutions follow marks or percentage based evaluation system so that students do not get the flexibility to study the subjects/courses of their choice and their flexibility to different institutions.

There is necessity to allow the flexibility in education system, so that students who are based on their profits and purposes to select interdisciplinary, intra-disciplinary and skill-based courses.

Benefits of the choice based credit system:

  • Transfer focuses area from the teacher-centric to student-centric education.
  • Student may take up as many credits as they can cope with (without repeating all courses of semester if they fail in one/more courses) .
  • Provide more flexibility for students by allowing inter-disciplinary, intra-disciplinary courses and skill oriented papers.
  • Education become broad-based and at par with global standards by CBCS.
  • Join unique combinations such as Physics with Economics, Microbiology with Chemistry or Environment Science etc.
  • Provide flexibility to study at different times and at different institutions to complete one course.
  • Credits produced at one organization can be shifted.

Drawbacks of the choice based credit system:

  • Challenging to evaluate the exact marks
  • Workload of teachers may fluctuate
  • Good infrastructure require for distribution of education

Choice Based Credit System Framework:

1. Core Course: Courses which are compulsorily for core/basic requirement is called Core Course.

2. Elective Course: Generally a course which can be chosen from a list of courses and they can be very specific or specialized or advanced or supportive to the discipline/subject of study otherwise those who offers an extended scope or which permits an revelation to some other discipline/subject/domain or develops ability/skill of students is called an Elective Course.

(i) Discipline Specific Elective (DSE) Course:

  • The courses which are offered by the main discipline/subject of study are referred to as Discipline Specific Elective.
  • Discipline associated Elective courses of interdisciplinary nature may also offered by the University/Institute.

(ii) Dissertation/Project:

  • They obtain special/advanced knowledge, such as supplement study/support study to a project work, and a candidate studies such a course by themselves with guideline support by a teacher/faculty member is called dissertation/project.

(iii) Generic Elective (GE) Course:

  • An elective course chosen usually from a different discipline/subject, with a purpose to search for disclosure is called a Generic Elective.

Note: A core course accessible in a discipline/subject is seen as an elective by other discipline/subject and vice versa and such electives may also be mentioned to as Generic Elective.

3. Ability Enhancement Courses (AEC) :

  • The Ability Enhancement (AE) Courses are divided in two parts:
  1. Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC)
  2. Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC)

(i) Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC) :

  • Environmental Science, English Communication/MIL Communication.
  • “AECC” courses are those which are based upon the content that is leads to Knowledge enhancement, for example
  1. Environmental Science
  2. English/MIL Communication

(ii) Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC) :

  • These courses are those which are chosen from a pool of courses planned to provide value-based and/or skill-based knowledge.

Research Component in Under-Graduate Courses

  • Project work/Dissertation is measured as a special course which involves application of knowledge in solving/analyzing/exploring a real life situation/difficult problem.
  • A Project/Dissertation work would be of 6 credits.
  • A Project/Dissertation work may be assumed in lieu of a correction detailed elective paper.

Total Credit

  • A student can select Elective and AE Elective papers form number of papers under the model programme of UGC.
  • Total credit score earned for UG Honours will be 160 credits and for UG Program degree 140 credits.

Grades and Grade Points

Grades and Grade Points
Letter GradeGrade Point
O (Outstanding)10
A + (Excellent)9
A (Very Good)8
B + (Good)7
B (Above Average)6
C (Average)5
P (Pass)4
F (Fail)0
Ab (Absent)0
  • For noncredit courses instead of letter grade, ‘Satisfactory’ or ‘Unsatisfactory’ shall be indicated and this will not be calculated for the computation of SGPA/CGPA.
  • The constitutional necessity eligibility for the post of assistant professor in colleges and universities in any term such as arts, science, commerce etc. , is a minimum average mark of 50 % and 55 % in related postgraduate degree respectively for reserved and general category


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