# UGC Solved Paper 1 29ThJune 2014 Set X Part 1 of 10

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Examrace under Examrace UGC Paper 1 Series covers the complete topics and subtopics that were asked in the June UGC paper 1 examination. In this section we will discuss questions 1 to 6 from Set X for 29th June 2014 UGC NET examination. All the questions discussed will contain the correct answers and explanations for the same.

1. â€śIf the large diamond is cut into small pieces, it will lose its value just as an army is divided into small units of soldiers it loses its strength.â€ť

The argument put above may be called as:

a) Analogical

b) Deductive

c) Statistical

d) Casual

Explanation: An analogical statement is a statement that compares, or makes an analogy of, something and something else; in this statement it is comparing diamond to a army cop. Therefore, this argument is analogical.

2. Given below are some characteristics of logical argument. Select a code which expresses a characteristic which is not inductive in character.

a) The conclusion is claimed to follow from its premises

b) The conclusion is based on casual relation

c) Conclusion conclusively follows from its premises

d) Conclusion is based on observation and experiment

Explanation: In inductive reasoning, new theory emerges from the data. Inductive approach starts with the observations and at end the theories are formulated and this is the result of observations. Only in deductive reasoning, one can say that conclusion conclusively follows from its premises.

3. If two prepositions having the same subject and predicate terms can both be true but cannot both be false. The relation between these two prepositions is known as:

b) contrary

c) subcontrary

d) subaltern

Explanation: There are four forms of logic opposition or we call it square of opposition:

Contrary Opposition is between two universals which differ in quality. These are spilt true-false. â€śAll dogs are animalsâ€ť is true and â€śNo dogs are animalsâ€ť is false. Contraries cannot both be true.

Sub-contrary Opposition is between two particulars which differ in quality. Both cannot be false. â€śSome cats are dogsâ€ť and â€śSome dogs are catsâ€ť are both false statements. Subcontraries can both be true, they cannot both be false.

Subaltern Opposition is between two propositions which differ only in quantity. This implies if A is true, then I must be true. This also means that if I is true, then A need not be true. For example, â€śAll corals are an animalâ€ť is true, then statement, â€śSome corals are an animalâ€ť is also true. But on the other hand, â€śSome dogs are blackâ€ť is true but â€śAll dogs are blackâ€ť is not true.

Contradictory Opposition is between two propositions which differ both in quantity and in quality. If one proposition in a contradictory pair is true, the other must be false. For example, â€śNo English are alcoholicâ€ť is contradicted by â€śSome English are alcoholicâ€ť

4. One writes all numbers from 50 to 99 without digits 2 and 7. How many numbers have been written?

a) 32

b) 36

c) 40

d) 38

Explanation: In each 10 digit sets there are two number that have 2 and 7 like from 50 to 59, there would be 52 and 57. So in each such set you have 8 number. We will have to exclude complete set of 70Őšs and so there can be 4 such series, and the answer is 4 Ă— 8 = 32.

5. Given below is a diagram of three circles A, B and C interrelated with each other. Circle A represents Indians, B represents Scientists and C represents Politicians. P, q, r and s represent different regions. Select the code that contains Class of Indian Scientists who are not politicians.

Codes:

a) Q and s only

b) S only

c) S and r only

d) P, q and s only

Explanation: s is the region that contains Indian scientists who are not politicians. However, q are Indian scientists who are also politicians. P is region who are Indian politicians that are not scientists. R is region that contains scientists and politicians who are not Indians.

6. Given below are two premises and four conclusions drawn from that premises. Select the code that explains conclusions drawn validly from the premises.

Premises:

(a) All dogs are mammals

(b) No cats are dogs

Conclusions

(1) No cats are mammals

(2) Some cats are mammals

(3) No dogs are cats

(4) No dogs are non-mammals

Codes:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2

c) 3 and 4

d) 2 and 3