Research Reporting YouTube Lecture Handouts: Thesis and Dissertation, Parts of Report for NTE Praxis

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Research Reporting: Thesis vs. Dissertation

Thesis vs. Dissertation

Thesis is an English (UK) term whereas dissertation is an American term.

In India, thesis denotes Ph. D. degree work whereas dissertation denotes M. Ed. and M. Phil. degree work

Includes the following

Preliminary Page

title page, supervisor՚s certificate, acknowledgement page, table of contents, list of tables and figures

Title page - title of the report, the author՚s name, degree requirement, the name and location of the college or university according the degree and the date or year of submission of the report. Name, designation and institutional affiliation of the guide are also written. The title of a dissertation and thesis should clearly state purpose of the study. The title should be typed in capital letters, should be centered, in an inverted pyramid form and when two or more lines are needed, should be double spaced.

  • List of tables and figures are given in a separate page that gives number, title of each table and figure and page on which it can be found

Main Body of Report

It includes introduction, review of related literature, methodology and procedures, results and discussion, conclusions and recommendations and appendices.

Delimitation of the study should include variables, sample, area or site, ratings tools and techniques

Sometimes, researcher uses a separate section titled ‘Discussions’ where all the results emerged are explained either individually or joined both at micro level and macro level.

Conclusion and recommendation - discuss any possible revisions and additions to existing theory and to encourages studies designed to test hypotheses

Appendices include information and data pertinent to the study which are not important to be included in the main body of the report or are too lengthy. Tests, questionnaire, career letters, raw data and data analysis sheet are included in the appendices

Paper and Article

Paper or article includes sharing the ideas emerged with other researchers, which is not possible through dissertation and thesis – shorter

Abstract is 100 to 120 words

Introduction is brief description of theory

Method deals with size and sample

Result includes table and figures with graph

Critical and analytical description

Citation in alphabetical order


References consist of all documents including books, journal, articles, technical reports, computer programs and unpublished works that are cited in the main body of a research report, i.e.. dissertation, thesis, journal article, seminar paper, etc. References includes mainly primary sources. – used in dissertation and thesis

Bibliography contains everything that is either cited or not cited in the body of the report but are used by the researcher. It includes both primary and secondary sources – used in journal articles and papers

Evaluation of Report

1. The Title and Abstract

Are the tile and abstract clear and concise?

Do they promise no more than the study can provide?

2. The Problem

Is the problem stated clearly?

Is the problem researchable?

Is background information on a problem presented?

Is the significance of the problem given?

Are the variables defined operationally?

3. The Hypothesis

Are hypotheses testable and stated clearly?

Are hypotheses based on sound rationale?

Are assumptions, limitations and delimitations stated?

4. Review of Repeated Literature

Is it adequately covered?

Are most of the sources primary?

Are important findings noted?

Is it well organized?

Is the literature given directly relevant to the problem?

Have the references been critical analyzed and the results of studies compared and constructed?

Is the review well organized?

Does it conclude with a brief summary and its implications for the problem investigated?

5. Sample

Are the size and characteristics of the population studied described?

Is the size of the sample appropriate?

Is the method of selecting the sample clearly described?

6. Instruments and Tools

Are data gathering instruments described clearly?

Are the instruments appropriate for measuring the intended variable?

Are validity and reliability the instruments discussed?

Are systematic procedure followed if the instrument was developed by one researcher?

Are administration, searing and interpretation procedures described?

7. Design and Procedure

Is the design appropriate for testing the hypotheses?

Are the procedures described in detail?

Are control procedures described?

8. Results

Is the statistical method appropriate?

Is the level of significance given?

Are tables and figures given?

Is every hypothesis tested?

Are the data in each table and figure described clearly?

Are the results stated clearly?

9. Discussions

Is each finding discussed?

Is each finding discussed in term of its agreement and disagreement with previous studies?

Are generalizations consistent with the results?

10. Conclusions and Recommendations

Are theoretical and practical implications of the findings discussed?

Are recommendations for further action made?

Are recommendations for further research made?

11. Summary

Is the problem restated?

Are the number and type of subjects and instruments described?

Are procedures described?

  • Are the major findings and conclusions described?

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