Praxis II Middle School english Exam by ETS
The exam is aimed to design for those individuals who wants to teach English language arts at the middle school level. Two hours will be provided, to complete 90 multiple-choice questions as well as two short essay questions. The multiple-choice questions comprise 75% of the final grade and the short answer questions comprise 25% of the final grade. The two short essay questions will based on literary and rhetorical analysis. The multiple choice questions will be divided as follows: 37 questions pertaining to rhetoric and composition, 16 questions pertaining to linguistics and language and 37 questions pertaining to literature and reading.
- Short Essay Questions: For the rhetorical analysis short essay question, you will be given a selection of prose and asked to do the following: Discuss the degree to which the rhetorical elements are effective in conveying the author's point of view and how they contribute to the overall meaning of the text. Questions will be asked to elaborate and identify the usage of rhetorical elements in the text such as informal, persuasive or narrative. For the literary analysis question, a selection of prose or poetry will be utilized. Questions will be asked to discuss the author's usage of literary elements, and how it contributes to the overall meaning of the text. You will also be required to describe and give examples of the usage of one or more specific literary elements such as: Foreshadowing, personification, analogy, clichés, irony, hyperbole, alliteration, allusions, mood, dictation, style, tone, setting, metaphor, voice, simile or narrative point of view that are present in the text.
- Comprehension and Rhetoric: In this section, your knowledge of theories and teaching strategies for writing will be tested and analysed. You will be need to recognize and examine the rhetorical aspects of writing such as: Organizational strategy, purpose, narrative discourse, persuasive discourse and informational discourse. Your knowledge of student writing assessment techniques such as: Conferencing, self assessment, scoring rubrics, holistic scoring, peer review and portfolios will be assessed. Your understanding of pre-writing, drafting, revising, editing, evaluating, publishing and writing instruction methodologies will also be covered in this section.
- Language and Linguistics: In this section, your knowledge of the analysis and history of English and semantic elements and elements of traditional grammar will be tested. Questions based on the analysis and history of English will cover dialect formation, prefixes, suffixes, roots, morphemes and etymology. Questions based on the elements of semantics will cover jargon, connotation, euphemism, idioms and denotation. Questions based on the elements of grammar will cover punctuation, capitalization, phrases, clauses, sentence types, sentence structure, modifiers and parts of speech.
- Reading and Literature: In the section, your knowledge of various different reading instructional methods, the interpretation and comparison of fiction, essays, poetry, nonfiction and other texts will be tested. Questions will be asked to identify and analyse foreshadowing, personification, clichés, irony, analogy, hyperbole, alliteration, allusions, dictation, mood, style, setting, tone, voice, metaphor, simile and the narrative point of view of various literary works. Your knowledge of the elements of fiction, rhyme schemes and metrical patterns of poetry and prose will also be tested in this section.