Praxis II Principles of Learning and Teaching Exam by ETS

PRAXIS II Principles of Learning and Teaching: Early Childhood Exam

Principles of Learning and Teaching: Early Childhood exam is categorized into 2 sections relating to topics associated with early childhood education: One section includes four case studies with 3 corresponding short answers questions and the multiple choice questions section comprise of 24 questions categorized into two 12 question sections.

The short answer section will give 4 teaching related scenarios, with three questions each, pertaining to comprehension of forms of teaching, guidelines for learning and teaching associated with various methods of teaching and the implementation of the techniques. The examinee should be prepared to spend around 25 minutes on each of the four scenarios. A total of about 20 minutes will be required to answer the 24 multiple choice questions. Two hours will be provided.

  • Includes Students as Learners, which consists of theories of learning, theories of human development, differences in learning styles, laws and responsibilities related to diversity in schools, the management of the classroom, and ways to promote motivation in the classroom.
  • Instruction and Assessment, which focuses on types of learning and methods of teaching like the inquiry method and learning centers, techniques and materials involved with forms of teaching and learning, strategies for creating lesson plans, and ways of grading and assessing students. The third area of questioning involves Communication Techniques, which focuses on techniques of communication both verbal and nonverbal, that promote learning, participation, and comprehension in the classroom.
  • Focus on Profession and Community and involves knowledge of resources for educators and the role of teachers beyond the classroom.

The short-answer questions can be given scores from 0 − 2, with the high score being 2, a score of 2 is given for answers that respond to each element in the question with a superb understanding of important parts of the scenario and a strong demonstration of theories and methods that apply to the situation. A score of 1 is given for fair demonstration of this knowledge and for response to only part of the question. A score of 0 is given for misinterpreting the important aspects in the scenario and misapplying theories and concepts. The Students as Learners and the Instruction and Assessments sections contribute around 33% each to the total score, the Teacher Professionalism questions contribute to about 22% of the score and Communication Techniques contribute around 11%.

PRAXIS II Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 5 − 9 Exam

The Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 5 − 9 exam is categorized into 2 sections: One section includes four case studies, each with 3 corresponding short answer questions and the multiple choice question section comprise of 24 questions categorized into two 12 question sections.

The short answer section will give 4 teaching incidents, with three questions each, pertaining to comprehension of forms of teaching, principles of learning and teaching associated with various methods of teaching, and the implementation of the techniques. The examinee should be prepared to spend around 25 minutes on each of the four teaching situations. A total of about 20 minutes will be required to answer the 24 multiple choice questions. Two hours is given to complete the exam.

Questioning for both sections is derived from the same topics. The first area that the questions may address is Students as Learners, which includes theories of learning and human development, various styles of learning, learning disabilities, managing and organizing a classroom, and ways to promote motivation in the classroom. The next area is Instruction and Assessment, which focuses on types of learning and methods of teaching, such as independent study and discovery learning, techniques and materials involved with methods of learning and teaching, strategies for creating lesson plans, and ways of grading and evaluating students. The third area of questioning involves Communication Techniques, which focuses on techniques of communication, both verbal and nonverbal, that promote learning, participation, and comprehension in the classroom. The final area of questioning is Profession and Community and involves knowledge of resources for educators to grow professionally and the role of teachers beyond the classroom.

The short-answer questions can be given scores from 0 − 2, with the high score being 2. A score of 2 is given for answers that respond to each element in the question with a superb understanding of important areas in the given teaching situation and a strong demonstration of theories and methods that apply to the situation. A score of 1 is given for fair demonstration of this knowledge and for response to only part of the question. A score of 0 is given for misinterpreting the areas that needed to be addressed and misapplying theories and concepts. The Students as Learners and the Instruction and Assessments sections contribute around 33% each to the total score, the Teacher Professionalism questions contribute to about 22% of the score, and Communication Techniques contribute around 11%.

PRAXIS II Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 7 − 12 Exam

The Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 7 − 12 exam is categorized into 2 sections: One section includes four case studies, each with 3 corresponding short answer questions and the multiple choice questions section comprise of 24 questions categorized into two 12 question sections.

The short answer section will give 4 teaching situations, with three questions each, pertaining to comprehension of forms of teaching, principles of learning and teaching associated with various methods of teaching, and the implementation of the techniques. The examinee should be prepared to spend around 25 minutes on each of the four teaching situations. A total of about 20 minutes will be required to answer the 24 multiple choice questions. Two hours will be provided.

Questioning for both sections is derived from the same topics for grades 7 − 12. The first area that the questions may address is Students as Learners, which consists of theories of learning and human development, learning styles, learning disabilities, managing and organizing a classroom, and promoting motivation in the classroom. The next area is Instruction and Assessment, which focuses on types of learning and methods of teaching, such as independent study and whole group discussion, techniques and materials involved with methods of learning and teaching, strategies for creating lesson plans, and ways of evaluating student progress. The third area of questioning involves Communication Techniques, which focuses on techniques of communication, both verbal and nonverbal, that promote learning, participation, and comprehension in the classroom. The last area that questions may be derived from is Profession and Community and involves knowledge of literature and associations for educators and the role of teachers beyond the classroom.

The short-answer questions can be given scores from 0 − 2, with the high score being 2. A score of 2 is given for answers that respond to each element in the question with a superb understanding of important areas in the given teaching situation and a strong demonstration of theories and methods that apply to the situation. A score of 1 is given for fair demonstration of this knowledge and for response to only part of the question. A score of 0 is given for misinterpreting the areas that needed to be addressed and misapplying theories and concepts. The Students as Learners and the Instruction and Assessments sections contribute around 33% each to the total score, the Teacher Professionalism questions contribute to about 22% of the score, and Communication Techniques contribute around 11%.

PRAXIS II Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades K − 6 Exam

The Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades K − 6 exam is categorized into 2 sections: One section includes four case studies with 3 short-answer questions each and the multiple choice questions section comprise of 24 questions categorized into two 12 question parts.

The short answer section will give 4 teaching situations, with three questions each, pertaining to comprehension of forms of teaching, principles of learning and teaching associated with various methods of teaching, and the implementation of the techniques. The examinee should be prepared to spend around 25 minutes on each of the four teaching situations. A total of about 20 minutes will be required to answer the 24 multiple choice questions. Both sections cover the same topics for grades K − 6. Two hours will be provided.

  • Students as Learners, which consists of theories of learning and human development, various styles of learning, learning disabilities, managing and organizing a classroom, and ways to promote motivation in the classroom.
  • Instruction and Assessment, which focuses on types of learning and methods of teaching, such as independent study and discovery learning, techniques and materials involved with methods of learning and teaching, strategies for creating lesson plans, and ways of grading and assessing students.
  • Communication Techniques, which focuses on techniques of communication, both verbal and nonverbal, that promote learning, participation, and comprehension in the classroom.
  • Profession and Community and requires knowledge of resources for educators to grow professionally and the role of teachers beyond the classroom.

The short-answer questions can be given scores from 0 − 2, with the high score being 2. A score of 2 is given for answers that respond to each element in the question with a superb understanding of important areas in the given teaching situation and a strong demonstration of theories and methods that apply to the situation. A score of 1 is given for fair demonstration of this knowledge and for response to only part of the question. A score of 0 is given for misinterpreting the areas that needed to be addressed and misapplying theories and concepts. The Students as Learners and the Instruction and Assessments sections contribute around 33% each to the total score, the Teacher Professionalism questions contribute to about 22% of the score, and Communication Techniques contribute around 11%.