Praxis II various papers of social studies Exam by ETS
PRAXIS II Social Studies: Analytical Essays Exam
The exam is aimed for those individuals who wants to teach social studies at the secondary level. One hour will be provided, to complete this 2 essay question exam. The first question will cover contemporary issues or world history. The second question will cover contemporary issues or history of America. You will be asked to argue one side of an issue, synthesize a body of knowledge or make comparisons and contrasts. Each question will contain to one more on the following topics: Economics, geography, political science/government/civics; world history, American history, psychology, anthropology, or sociology. Each question will have a timeframe and a subject matter component. For the contemporary issues or American history question American diversity of race, culture, and gender in relationship to Asia, Africa, Latin America or Oceania will be discussed. One question will use material from the quotation, written excerpt, cartoon, diagram, graph, table or map.
PRAXIS II Social Studies: Content Knowledge Exam
The exam is aimed for those individuals who wants to teach social studies at the secondary level. Two hours will be provided, to complete 130 multiple choice questions. There will be 13 questions pertaining to behavioral sciences, 19 questions covering economics, 19 questions covering geography, 21 questions covering political science, civics and government, 29 questions covering world history and 29 questions covering American history.
- Behavioral Sciences: This section will focus on psychology, anthropology, and sociology. The psychology questions will cover social psychology, personality and adjustment, human growth and development, perception, and the learning process. The anthropology questions will cover cultural change and human culture. The sociology questions will cover social problems, multicultural diversity, population studies, social institutions, social organizations and socialization.
- Economics: This section will focus on micro economics and macro economics. The macro economics questions will cover money, banking, international investments, finance, economic growth, fiscal policy, national income determination, inflation, unemployment, and business cycles. The micro economics questions will cover factor markets, income distribution, production and cost, product markets, supply and demand, market efficiency, economics systems, and trade. The micro economics questions will also cover comparative advantage, elasticity, scarcity, choice, economic systems and the cost of opportunity.
- Geography: This section will focus on geography, society and the environment, human systems, physical systems, regions and places and spatial terms of the world. The geography questions will cover using geographic concepts to plan the future and, interpret the present and the past. Questions pertaining to the environment and society will cover natural resources that are renewable and non-renewable; the impact of humans on the environment; and the impact of the environment on humans. The human system questions will cover global economics, boundaries, frontiers, religion, politics, languages, ethnicity, culture, migration, settlement patterns, transitions and population demographics. The physical systems questions will cover weather and climate patterns, the spatial distribution of ecosystems on the earth surface; transportation, erosion, deposition, geomorphic processes, plate tectonics and processes that shape the earth's surface. The regions and places questions will cover cultural diffusion, spatial patterns of economic activity, countries and cities of the world, and functional, perceptual, formal and functional characteristics of places in the world. The question pertaining to spatial terms of the world will cover usage of a map to report, process, and acquire information from a spatial perspective; the purpose of latitude and longitude map type, scale and map projection.
- Political Science, Civics and Government: This section will focus on international relationships, comparative politics and government, politics and American government and political theory. Questions pertaining to international relationships will cover international law, issues and power of international organizations, the practice of international relations and the theories of international relations. Questions pertaining to comparative politics and government will cover, foreign-policy, electoral systems and forms of government i.e.democracy, autocracy, federal and parliamentary. The questions pertaining to American government will cover political beliefs, political parties, civil rights, civil liberties, national political institutions, federalism, interest groups, constitutional underpinnings, powers, and structure. The political theory questions will cover political orientations i.e.conservative, liberal etc, major political theorists and political concepts.
- World History: This section will focus on the following timeline of world history:
- 1991-Present, Contemporary Trends-this section will cover globalization, the welfare state, liberation movements, environmental and economic interdependence, global and regional economics, and world geopolitics.
- 1900 − 1991-this section will cover evolution, ideologies, and conflicts of the 20th-century.
- 1750 − 1914-this section will cover nationalism, politics and the industrial revolutions.
- Circa 1400 − 1900 CE-this section will cover emerging global interactions.
- Circa 500 − 1400 CE-this section will cover Chavin culture, Mayans, the rise and expansion of Islam, feudalism in Central and Northern Europe; Eastern Europe, the Byzantine Empire and nomadic migrations (Huns to Mongols).
- Circa 1700 BCE-500 CE-this section will cover ancient civilizations and empires of Africa, the Mediterranean, ancient Western Asia, China, and India.
- Circa 3000 − 1500 BCE-this section will cover the development of early civilizations.
- 3000 BCE-this section will cover the development of early human society.
- American History: This section will cover the Second World War, the postwar era, the First World War and the progressive era, the Civil War era, the development of the U. S, the American Revolution, European colonization and exploration, Native Americans and the physical geography of North America.
PRAXIS II Social Studies: Interpretation and Analysis Exam
The exam is aimed for those individuals who wants to teach social studies at the secondary level. Two hours will be provided, to complete 2 essay questions and 5 short answer questions. The 2 essay questions will cover world and American social studies. The 2 essay questions will comprise 50% of the grade. The 5 short answer questions will cover economics, geography, government and American and world history. The 5 short answer questions will comprise 50% of the grade.
Essays: These questions need to make comparisons, synthesize a body of knowledge, argue one side of an issue or draw contrasts. One of the questions will be in regard to one or more of these topics: Asia, Africa, Latin America, women, minorities or the United States. You will be asked to analyse: Multiple viewpoints, the interaction of people on their environment, the role of technology overtime, cause and effect relationships, the impact of history on society, economics, politics, culture, cultural adaption, increasing global interdependence and, interdisciplinary relationships. Analysis of historical narratives, compare patterns of change, usage of resources and the impact on politics, culture, and economics will also be required in this section of the exam. For the question pertaining to America and core disciplines you will be asked to present a valid argument for or against a particular law, describe the American political and social changes and their impact on the development of further political and social institutions. For the question pertaining to world history you will be asked to identify the issues that led to a watershed in world history and identify why these events occurred at that particular moment in time. Questions will be asked to utilize economics, geography, demography, maps and graphs to contrast and compare specific factors of 2 different countries.
Short Answer Questions: You need to identify trends in data, describe group and institutional cultural influences, identify core issues from a written passage, draw inferences from materials, and identify historical antecedents related to historical artifacts. For the United States history question, you will be asked to identify the major point in a written passage and describe two or more situations that led to the situation discussed in the written passage. For the world history question, you will be asked to describe a major trend that is depicted during a timetable, and explain why the trend occurred during this time period. The government and civics question will require you to summarize a major point from a Supreme Court decision, and identify a government propose solution to enforce that decision. You will also be asked to describe issues that have occurred in pursuit of that solution. For the geography question you will be asked to utilize a world map and determine where the highest rates of literacy exist. You will also be asked to explain the impact of economics and physical geography, on literacy. For the economics question you will be asked to describe the relationship displayed in an accompanying graph, and explain what would happen to the relationship, if specific economic conditions changed.
PRAXIS II Social Studies: Interpretation of Materials Exam
The exam is aimed for those individuals who wants to teach social studies at the secondary level. One hour will be provided, to complete five, two-part essay questions. There will be 1 question in each of the following categories: Economics, geography, civics and government, world history and American history. Each question counts as 20% of the total grade. You need to read, interpret and draw inferences from social studies materials. The materials presented could be a written excerpt from a document, a quotation, diagram, cartoon, table, chart, graph or a map. There will be 1 question from each of the following areas: Economics, geography, political science, government, civics, world history and American history. For one question you will be asked to compare American life in relationship to race, culture and gender to life in Africa, Asia, Latin America or Oceania.
PRAXIS II Social Studies: Pedagogy Exam
The exam is aimed for those individuals who wants to teach social studies at the secondary level. One hour will be provided, to complete two, five-part questions. The questions will be based on a case study format. The first question will cover questions for classroom discussion, social studies concepts, social studies topics, and a metaphor/historical/analytical parallel.
- 1 question on two week unit on history. The second question will cover evaluation, teaching strategy, teaching objectives and the actual lesson.
- 1 question on a single period social sciences unit. Each question comprised of 50% of the total grade.