PRAXIS II Teaching Foundations: English Exam
The exam is aimed to test your knowledge of teaching foundations of English for grade 7 through 12, in the State of California. Individuals appearing for this exam are expected to be familiar with the California public schools teaching performance expectations. Four hours will be provided, to complete the 50 multiple choice questions and 2 written response questions that comprising this exam. 1 written response question will include English teaching methodology at the high school level. Other written response question will include English teaching methodology at the junior high school level. There will be 9 questions pertaining to each of the following topics: Classroom management, student assessment, reading instruction, English learners, special needs, learning differences and human development.
- English Teaching Methodology at the High School and Junior High School Level: These are the written response questions that will focus on the student progress before, during and after instruction, development of reading skills when teaching mathematics and strategies for teaching English learners a particular subject. Questions pertaining to adaptation of instruction for special need students, resources, activities and instructional strategies to facilitate student learning and the ability to sequence and prioritize content and skills for instruction will be covered in this section.
- Classroom Management: This section will focus on maximizing instructional time, establishment of procedures for routine tasks, writing student discipline plans and developing expectations for student's social and academic behavior. Questions pertaining to the establishment of rapport with students and their families, utilizing social environments to maximize academic accomplishments and strategies for obtaining participation from all students will be covered in this section.
- Student Assessment: This section will focus on basic types of informal and formal student assessments, communication of student behavioral and academic strengths, interpretation of student assessments, modification of instruction and purposes of various different types of student assessments.
- Reading Instruction: This section will focus on instructional strategies to enhance reading appreciation, reading comprehension, written and oral English language skills, organizational patterns and literary response and analysis of various written texts and media. Vocabulary development, fluency, word analysis and student mastery of foundational skills for utilization of language forms will also be covered in this section.
- Teaching English Learners: This section will focus on evaluation of student writing, comprehension and development of academic language, English-language development and cultural, cognitive, and individual influences on student language acquisition.
- Special Needs and Learning Differences: This section will focus on instructional strategies for special needs students, the impact of student's health on learning and behavior, learning styles, cultural expectations and gender differences. Questions pertaining to learning disabilities, behavioral and emotional disabilities, mental retardation, talented and gifted students, sensory, medical and physical challenges will be included in this section. Your knowledge of visual and perceptual challenges of the exceptional student will be tested in this section.
- Human Development: This section will focus on social, emotional, physical, moral, cognitive and physical development of adolescents. Questions pertaining to academic challenges, developments of abstract thinking skills and instructional activities that relate to life after high school graduation will be covered in this section.