Meaning of Important terms in Psychology Part 2 for NTE Praxis

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Applied psychology: The use of psychological principles and research methods to solve practical problems.

Industrial/organizational psychology: A field that focuses on the psychology of work and on behavior within organizations.

Personnel psychology: Branch of industrial-organizational psychology concerned with testing, selection, placement, and promotion of employees.

Personal interview: Formal or informal questioning of job applicants to learn their qualifications and to gain an impression of their personalities.

Environmental psychology: The formal study of how environments affect behavior.

Educational psychology: The field that seeks to understand how people learn and how teachers instruct.

Teaching strategy: A plan for effective teaching.

Psychology of law: Study of the psychological and behavioral dimensions of the legal system.

Mock jury: A group that realistically simulates a courtroom jury.

Sports psychology: Study of the psychological and behavioral dimensions of sports performance.

Peak performance: A performance during which physical, mental, and emotional states are harmonious and optimal.

Human factors psychology (ergonomics): A specially concerned with making machines and work environments compatible with human perceptual and physical capacities.

Human-computer interaction (HCI): The application of human factors to the design of computers and computer software.

Natural design: Human factors engineering that makes use of naturally understood perceptual signals.

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