Vesara School of Temple Architecture, Hoyasala School of Art, Pal School of Art &Rashtrakuta School of Art for NTSE

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Vesara School of Temple Architecture

Virupaksha Temple
  • Also called as chalukya/Karnataka style
  • Around 7th8th centuries.
  • Fusion of nagara and dravida styles.
  • 2 components
  • vimaan and mandapa joined by antaral Dravidian concept
  • shikhara nagaran concept
  • Chalukyan temples donีšt have a covered embulatory passage
  • treatment of exterior walls-blending of both styles
  • Inegrate carving on pillars, ceillings and door plains
  • Ex. virupaksha temple at Pattadakal, rameswaram cave temple at Ellora 4 armed dancing shiva.

Hoyasala School of Art

Hoyasala School of Art
  • A. D.
  • Near mysore, south Karnataka
  • Unique feature-star ground plan
  • Multiple shrines-deities-equal importance and power
  • Jagati-upraised platform
  • Inticrate carving on both sides of the walls as well in the jewellary of the gods.
  • Stone choristic schist
  • Temple pillar looks like monolith
  • Temple walls zigzag form
  • Ex. chhenakeshava temple, Belur
  • Hoyasaleswara temple, helevied

Pal School of Art

Pal School of Art
  • Under pala and sena rulers
  • Bengal and Bihar
  • th-th century around
  • Finely finished
  • Highly polished stone sculpture looks like metal found at nalanda, rajgir and Bodhgaya nalanda art is divided in three stages.
  • Mahayana phase of Buddha and bodhisattva images.
  • Sahajyana images
  • Kalchakra kapalika system
  • Both Buddhist and hinduist
  • Figures are much decorated

Rashtrakuta School of Art

  • 8th century
  • Successors of chalukya
  • Kailash temple at Ellora caves by Krishna 2
  • Trimurti at elephant caves