National Capital Region Transport Corporation: Most Important Topic For 2019 NTSE

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  • The National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) - a Joint Venture company of Government of India & States of Delhi, Haryana, & Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh is mandated for implementing the Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) project across the National Capital Region (NCR), ensuring a balanced and sustainable urban development through better connectivity & access.

  • The Planning Commission formed a Task Force in 2005 under the Chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) to develop a multi-modal transport system for Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). This was included in the Integrated Transport Plan for NCR 2032 with special emphasis on Regional Rapid Transport System (RRTS) connecting regional centers.

  • The Task Force identified 8 corridors and prioritized three corridors namely Delhi-Meerut, Delhi-Panipat & Delhi-Alwar for implementation. In March 2010, National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) appointed M/S Delhi Integrated Multi-Modal Transit System for Delhi-Meerut and Delhi-Panipat and M/S Urban Mass Transit Company Limited for Delhi-Alwar to carry out feasibility study and prepare the Detailed Project Report.

  • The NCRTC board approved the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut RRTS corridor on 6 December 2016.[1] Travel time between the NCR and Meerut will reduce to 35 minutes from existing two hours, once this RRTS gets operational.

Need for RRTS Project

  • The National Capital Region (NCR) has grown over the years to cover parts of states around Delhi namely, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

  • Today the total area which falls under NCR is about 33,578 km2 with the total population of over 4.6 crores (Census 2011). The regional has seen a decadal population growth of ~24% between 2001 & 2011. Entire NCR is an urban agglomeration with an urbanization of about 62%.

  • Further, in 2007, the number of Passenger vehicles crossing Delhi borders breached 1,100,000 (Eleven Lakhs) per day. This has triggered the need to have effective regional public transport system on a priority.

Implementation

  • The current proposed RRTS by Government will have travel time of Delhi-Panipat and Delhi-Meerut in 1 hour and Delhi-Alwar in 2 hours. This will result in facilitating seamless travel of people between the CBD and suburbs in NCR.

  • Recently all state governments have approved the alignments of the three Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) corridors. These corridors will connect the capital with Panipat, Meerut and Alwar. These three alignments were recommended by the National Capital Regional Planning Board (NCRPB).

  • In its 36th meeting of the NCRPB held under the chairmanship of Union Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu, the Board gave nod for implementation of three RRTS Corridors - Delhi-Alwar, Delhi-Panipat and Delhi-Meerut. Further, Minister Naidu said issues related to Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS), a rail-based system, have been resolved and further work on these three corridors, namely, Delhi-Alwar, Delhi-Panipat and Delhi-Meerut could be started immediately.

  • The minister also said that Managing Director of the NCRTC, Undertaking entrusted with the implementation of the RRTS, has been appointed and implementation of RRTS corridors will commence shortly. Indian Railway officer Shri. Vinay Kumar Singh has been appointed as the Managing Director of the Company, who assumed office in July, 2016.

Benefits

  • The RRTS corridor will provide high speed, comfortable, convenient, high frequency and safe mode of travel along the corridor. The high speed connectivity will ensure seamless travel between capital city and suburbs as well as between the suburbs.

  • Since the system is rail based and will be using electric trains, it will considerably reduce the pollution and congestion of highways and on roads of Delhi. Such fast and comfortable commuting will bring in paradigm shift in the way people travel and work in NCR area.

  • It will facilitate movement of job opportunities from Delhi to suburbs and opportunities of high end jobs available in Delhi to people staying in suburbs. Thus the development of NCT of Delhi will be controlled and regulated to have a poly-centric urban development in NCR area.

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