National Geography Bee Olympiad – What to Study? Basics, Physical

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What Do I Need to Know About Each Country?

Here՚s a list of what you need to know about each country to help you prepare for the National Geographic Bee.

Remember, some of the things on this list may not apply to certain countries:


  • Location (Continent)
  • Location (Region, e. g. , South Asia)
  • Capital
  • Major Cities (At least 10 + for countries with populations over 70,000, 000)
  • Population (Approximate)
  • Official Country Name


  • Highest and Lowest Points
  • Mountain Ranges, Peaks, and Volcanoes
  • Rivers, Deltas, River Mouths/Sources
  • Lakes, Reservoirs, and Dams
  • Bordering Seas
  • Gulfs and Bays
  • Straits, Sounds and Inlets
  • Plateaus
  • Peninsulas, Capes, and Points
  • Plains and Basins
  • Wetlands, Swamps, and Marshes
  • Deserts, Ergs, and Dunes
  • Valleys and River Valleys
  • Grasslands and Prairies
  • Waterfalls
  • Canyons and Gorges
  • Islands and Archipelagoe
  • Isthmuses and Spits
  • Canals
  • Physical Regions
  • Buttes and Mesas
  • Major Glaciers and Fjords
  • Lagoons and Reefs
  • Continental Divides, Earth Physical Structure, Layers of the Earth


  • Bordering Countries
  • Administrative Divisions (States, Provinces, federal Districts, counties)
  • Territories, Dependencies, and Occupied Atolls
  • Current Leader (s) (President, Prime Minister King/Queen, Chairman, Prince, etc.)
  • Government Structure/Important and Influential Laws and Type of Rule (Republic, Democracy, Monarchy, etc.)
  • Disputed Countries and Regions
  • Politically Established Regions (Northeast Africa, Central America, etc.)
  • National and Global Organizations