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Reading

Read the story and answer the questions that follow.

Oliver Twist

By Charles Dickens

Introduced by: Garth Nix

Puffin: Puffin Classics 2008 Relaunch

Hardback Library Edition: £ 14.99

Paperback:

Audio book:

E-book: £ 3.99

Special discount for school students on any edition of their choice

Age Group: 9 - 11 years

With an inspirational and light-hearted introduction by author Garth Nix, Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens is one of the twelve wonderful classic stories being republished by puffin classics.

It is the classic story of an orphan boy who flees from a workhouse and comes to London to seek fortune, but gets involved in crimes there.

It all begins after Oliver Twist asks nasty Mr Bumble, in-charge of the workhouse, for more food, but he is refused. On reaching London, Oliver runs into the Artful Dodger, a young pickpocket, who leads him to Fagin and his gang of pickpockets.

Oliver narrowly escapes prison when a thieving mission goes wrong. Fortunately for him, he is adopted by a kind gentleman. Mr Brownlow. Meanwhile Fagin and the brutal Bill Sikes go in search of the young boy, determined to drag him back.

Puffin: publishing the most innovative and imaginative children՚s literature for generation at affordable prices.

Q 20. For a student, the cheapest option is

A. hardback

B. paperback

C. e-book

D. audio book

Q 21. Apart from Oliver Twist, how many other ‘wonderful classic’ stories has puffin republished according to the write-up?

A. 7

B. 9

C. 11

D. 12

Q 22. The brief story line given here says nothing about which of the following?

A. Why Oliver Twist fled from the workhouse?

B. How Oliver meets the Artful Dodger and Fagin?

C. How Oliver՚s life changes for the better?

D. Whether Fagin and company find Oliver again?

Q 23. How many characters are mentioned in this write-up?

A. 4

B. 6

C. 8

D. 10

Read the passage and the questions that follow.

Methane leaks from seabeds

You know that methane (CH) is a greenhouse gas that is emitted during production and transport of coal, natural gas and oil. Its emissions also results from livestock and other agriculture practices, and by the decay of organic waste in municipal solid wastes landfills. But, did you know that the gas also leaks from seabeds, too? Yes, at least in some areas on the Atlantic coast of the USA.

Scientists believe that methane stored under the seabed is one of the largest reserves on the planet. They have identified hundreds of ‘seeps’ along the American Atlantic coast – places where gas bubbles out the sea floor- and believe that “tens of thousands” more seeps to be lying undiscovered. You would be surprised that seabed methane ‘seeps’ are not a new phenomenon. Scientists claim that they have continued for over 1000 years!

Some experts believe that climate change could cause huge quantities of methane to be released from the Arctic seabed and the others who believe that climate change could cause huge quantities of methane to be released from the Arctic seabed and others who believe that evidence, that suggest these underwater emissions have increased. While, it is likely that a global temperatures rise, more methane will be emitted from such seafloor reservoirs, most of the scientists doubt the amount released will be big, when compared to other natural resources.

This research has two important implications. First, it leads scientists to wonder where else such maybe going on or may occur in the future. In case, these seafloor emissions are significantly high, they could radically change calculations of natural carbon emissions, scientists fear.

Secondly, undersea methane seeps could have serious implications for marine life. Since, methane increases the acidity of seawater and reduces its oxygen content of seawater; even small changes in acidity can interfere with shell formation in small marine creatures, the foundation of ocean food webs. So, any impact on them will, in turn, have indirect effect on other things. So, while the research doesn՚t suggest a huge increase in methane emissions to the atmosphere, the wider impacts of these findings may have significant implications for the world՚s oceans nonetheless. For example, the gas originating from these reservoirs could trigger a rat race among oil companies to determine whether they can be tapped for oil.

Q 24. The largest reserves of methane on the planet are believed to be located ________ .

A. on the east coast of U. S of America

B. in farmlands, organic and solid waste

C. at several locations under the seabeds

D. At sites where oil and natural gas are produced

Q 25. Scientists have the evidence that such seepage of methane has been going on for ________ years, if not more.

A. one hundred

B. one thousand

C. one million

D. one billion

Q 26. Scientists doubt that methane emissions ________.

A. will rise significantly with every rise in global temperatures

B. from seabeds will be huge in comparison to other sources

C. due to agriculture, waste decays, oil and gas production

D. from other natural sources will higher than any sources

Q 27. One of the two implications of research on methane leaks from seabed is that it could adversely affect the marine life. The other implication is that these leaks ________

A. have left the scientists in awe and fear of nature

B. have been slowly going on for ages now

C. can alter the estimates of natural carbon release

D. are significantly high and a cause of alarm

Q 28. ‘So any impact on them’ . Here, ‘them’ refers to ________

A. undersea methane seeps

B. acidity and oxygen of seawater

C. small undersea organisms

D. ocean food webs

Q 29. In the expression ‘whether they can be tapped for oil and natural gas’ the word ‘tapped’ means ________

A. discovered

B. preserved

C. monitored

D. exploited

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