IEO (International English Olympiad) Class 9 Past Paper (Previous Year) Paper 2013 Part 4 Set a Download All the Papers for 2021 Exam

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Families of the musical instruments

Have you ever thought about how many ways there are to make musical sounds? You can make music with your own body. You can sing, clap, or snap your fingers. Musical instruments allow us to make music beyond what our bodies are capable of. Bands and orchestras are made up of families, or groups, of musical instruments. Each family of instruments adds something unique to the music.

Strings are one family of musical instruments. You are probably familiar with some of these instruments. A guitar has strings. Guitar players make music by picking the strings with their fingers. A violin has strings too, but a violin player uses a bow to make music. Bowing an instrument means sliding or scraping a bow over the strings. A bow is a smooth tool that makes the strings vibrate and produce sound.

Wind instruments make up another musical family. Wind instruments make up another musical family. Wind instruments produce sound by moving columns of air. You may know someone who plays a flute. The flute is a tube shaped wind instrument. A flute player makes music by blowing air over a hole in the tube.

Have you ever seen a clarinet? It is a wind instrument too. Clarinet players blow on a reed in the mouthpiece. The reed vibrates and sets the air inside the clarinet tube in motion. Trumpets, trombones, and French horns are other wind instruments, but they don՚t have reeds.

Drums make up one more family of instruments. Drums are made by stretching an animal hide over a bowl or open cylinder.

People play drums by hitting the hide with a stick. Drums help keep the beat in a band or orchestra. Drums can be tuned to different tone levels. This is done by stretching or loosening the drum՚s covering.

Another family of musical instruments is the percussion group. Drums are often thought of as percussion. But true percussion instruments are made from a solid material that is shaken, struck, or scraped. Rattles, bells and gongs are percussion instruments. A xylophone is a more complicated percussion instrument. It has keys that are struck with a hammer. Each key sounds a different pitch or tone level.

The number and range of musical instruments is amazing. The next time you hear- or play-a band or orchestra, listen carefully to the richness and variety of sounds.

30. How can guitar players make musical sounds?

A. By playing the keys

B. By blowing on a mouth piece

C. By plucking the strings

D. By bowing the strings.

31. Which family of instruments uses an animal hide?

A. string

B. percussion

C. wind

D. drum

32. What sets air in motion inside a clarinet tube?

A. Humming by the player

B. The vibrating reed in the mouthpiece

C. Fingers pressing on the keys

D. The hammer striking the body

33. How is a xylophone played?

A. By striking keys with a hammer.

B. By bowing strings

C. By shaking rattles

D. By blowing air across a mouthpiece

34. How do violin players make musical sounds?

A. By playing keys

B. By blowing on a mouthpiece

C. By hitting gongs

D. By bowing strings

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