Olympiad: Major Differences and Meanings

  • Anomers – differ in configuration at c-1(α& β glucose)

  • Epimers – differ in configuration at c-2

  • Centrosome – centrosphere + Centriole (triplet microtubule)

  • Centromere - the region that joins the two sister chromatids

  • Polyploidy – possessing more than two complete sets of chromosomes

  • Polyteny – The presence within a cell of polytene chromosomes

  • Cholera toxin – Secretory diahhorea, rice water stool, enterotoxin, CAMP mediated

  • Diphtheria toxin – an exotoxin secreted by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria.

  • Euthenics – study of environmental condition that contribute to improve intellect & other traits

  • Eugenics – factors connected with impairment or improvement of race

  • Euphenics – Treat defective heredity disease by genetic engineering

  • Diosgenin – Antifertility pills, Dioscorea.

  • Digitoxin – heart problems, Digitalis puperus

  • Sedative – reduce tension (positive) sleep

  • Transquillizer – reduce tension (negative) sleep

  • Hymose atrum – ovary

  • Hardenian gland – eye of frog

  • Mehli gland - part of the female reproductive organ of Platyhelminthes.

  • Negri body – nerve cell infected by rabies

  • Heat stable enterotoxin – food poisoning = staphylococcus

  • Fish respire by skin – Anguilla – Anguilla, pariophthalmus

  • Pectoral cavity - glenoid

  • Pelvic cavity – acetabulum

  • Chloroplast – stroma - dark reaction

  • Chloroplast – grana – light reaction

  • Mule – male donkey (jenny) × female horse

  • Hinny – female donkey × male horse

  • Pasteur – HTSH – 72-degree centigrade for 15 second

  • Pasteur – LTH – 63 degree centigrade for 30 minutes

  • Feathers (Birds) – Wing = Remiges

  • Feathers (Birds) – Body = Contour

  • Feathers (Birds) – Protect = Coverts

  • Feathers (Birds) – Young Over = down (plumule)

  • Northern Blot – RNA

  • Southern Blot - DNA

  • Western Blot – Protein

  • Digestion – Intracellular – Protozoa, Pondera, Ascaris

  • Digestion – Intracellular – Hydra & all other