Shakespeare, Sher Shah Suri, Shivaji, Sigmund Freud and Sister Subbalakshmi

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Shakespeare

The greatest English poet and dramatist. He was born at Stratford-on-Avon. He first appeared before the public as a poet in 1593 with his Venus and Adonis. His famous plays are Macbeth, Merchant of Venice, Julious Caesar, Antony and Cleopatra etc. He died at the age of 52.

Sher Shah Suri

Sher Shah’s original name was Farid Khan. He defeated Humayun at Kanauj. During the brief period of his rule he attempted to set up a national state and initiated those reforms which brought him the title of the “Forenunner of Akbar”. He introduced postal system and constructed the Grand Trunk Road from Peshawar to Calcutta. Sher Shah killed a tiger and came to be called “Sher Khan”. His famous tomb at Sasaram (Bihar) is one of the finest monuments in India.

Shivaji

Shivaji organised the Marathas into a nation. His contact with Guru Ramdas, a renowned religious preacher inspired Shivaji with boundless zeal for Hindu religion and love for motherland. He levied Mughlai the surrounding territory from which he collected Chauth and Sardeshmukhi taxes. The guerilla warfare was introduced by him. He assumed the title of “Chhatrapati” at Raigarh coronation.

Sigmund Freud

He is considered to be father of modern psychological school. The interpretation of Dreams, Psychopathology of Everyday Life, The Ego and the Id are some of his famous works.

Sister Subbalakshmi

Sister Subbalakshmi of Chennai was one of the social reformers of the present century. She worked for the progress of woman. She advocated equality of sex, widow remarriage, and higher education for women and employment opportunities for women. She started a Widow’s Home and gave craft training to the widows so that they could earn their livelihood.

Sirimavo Bandaranaike

Former Sri Lankan Prime Minister (three times) and mother of President Ms. Chandrika Kumaratunga died of heart attack in Colombo on October 10, 2000, soon after casting her vote in October Parliamentary elections. Earlier, Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike resigned from the Prime Minister ship in August 2000 on health grounds. She entered politics after her husband; S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike was assassinated by a Buddhist monk in 1959. In July 1960 Parliamentary elections, she led the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) to a landslide victory to become the world’s first elected woman Prime Minister on 22-7-1960.

Stalin Joseph

He was a leader of 1917 Russian Revolution. He helped to make Russia a great power.

Subash Chandra Bose

Called “Net haji”, was a true patriot of India. The British Government interned him in his own house at Calcutta. On 26th January 1941; it was found that he had mysteriously disappeared. During the World War II, he organised a regular army and called in the Indian National Army (INA) or Azad Hind Fauz in Singapore. They gave good fight to the British forces in Assam Hill. Their war song was - “Advance step by step, sing the song of joy, your life belongs to the nation; sacrifice it for the sake of the nation”. After the surrender of Japanese, he is said to have been killed in an air crash accident. He was the founder of Forward Bloc Party. His slogans “Jai Hind” and “Dilli Chalo” are inspirations of our nationalism.

Subramania Bharati

Subramania Bharati born in Ettayapuram is a poet, journalist, patriot and philosopher. His birth centenary year was observed in 1981. He had a dramatic impact in Tamil literature. He had spotlighted the unbroken evolution of Indian culture from the ancient times to the 20th century.

Subramaniam. C

The father of India’s Green Revolution and elder statesman died in Chennai on November 7, 2000 at the age of 90. A recipient of Bharat Ratna, C. Subramaniam was one of the members of Constituent Assembly. He played a significant role as Minister in the erstwhile cabinets of C.Rajagopalachari and K. Kamaraj in Tamil Nadu. He later served as Union Minister handling various portpolios under four Prime Ministers, Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi and Charan Singh, besides being a Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission. He was appointed Governor of Maharashtra in 1992.

Sun Yat-Sen

The founder and first President of Chinese Republic played a prominent part in the 1911 Revolution of China.

Surendra Nath Banerjee

A great Indian Patriot of Bengal who held the Presidentship of the Indian National Congress twice. The pioneer of the Nationalist agitation in India. He founded the “Indian Association” aiming to make it the centre of the Indian National Congress. Eminent leader in the agitation against the partition of Bengal.

Swami Vivekananda

A great Hindu saint and religious leader, born in Calcutta on January 12, 1863 and his original name was Narendranath Datta. A disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, he championed the greatness of Vedantic philosophy. He founded the Ramakrishna Mission to carry on his humanitarian and social work. He represented Hinduism in the Parliament of Religions in Chicago (U.S.A.).

Tata, Jamshedji

The Indian industrialist founded the Tata Iron & Steel Co. in Bihar and thus started the industrial progress of India.

Tenzing Norgay

Nicknamed the “Tiger of Snows”, the ace mountaineer, who with Edmund Hillary was the first to climb Mount Everest (8,848 metre-high) was awarded Padma Bushan.

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