Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Bharat Earth Movers Limited, Coal India Limited

Doorsteptutor material for IAS is prepared by world's top subject experts: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 131K)






Bhubaneswar, 1985


Estd. 1953

Chairman: B Prasad Rao

HQ: New Delhi

  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India in the energy-related and infrastructure sector which includes Power, Railways, Telecom, Transmission and Distribution, Oil and Gas sectors and many more. It is the 12th largest power equipment manufacturer in the world. 73% of the total power generated in India is produced by equipment manufactured by BHEL.

  • It is one of India’s Navratnas.

  • Main manufacturing facilities:

    • Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh)

    • Ranipur, Haridwar (Uttarakhand)

    • Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)

    • Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh)

    • Tiruchirapalli(Tamil Nadu)

    • Ranipet (Tamil Nadu)

    • Bangalore (Karnataka)

    • Jagdishpur (Uttar Pradesh)

    • Rudrapur (Uttrakhand)

    • Goindwal (Punjab)

    • Bharat Heavy Plates and Vessels Limited (Vizag)

Bharat Earth Movers Limited

Estd. 1964

Chairman: VRS Natrajan

Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, with headquarters in Bangalore. It manufactures a variety of heavy equipment, such as that used for earth moving, transport and mining. BEML has manufacturing plants in Kolar Gold Fields, Bangalore and Mysore.

Coal India Limited

Estd. 1975

HQ: Kolkata

Chairman: Partha Bhattacharya

  • Coal India Limited (CIL) is a public sector undertaking of the Indian Government. It is the world’s largest coal miner. It is owned entirely by the Union Government, under the administrative control of the Ministry of Coal. It is involved in coal mining and production industry. It is one of the Navratna.

  • Subsidiaries:

    • Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL)(Dhanbad, Jharkhand)

    • Central Coalfields Limited (CCL)(Ranchi, Jharkhand)

    • Western Coalfields Limited (WCL) region)

    • Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL)(Asansol, West Bengal)

    • Central Mine Planning and Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL)(Ranchi, Jharkhand)

    • Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM)(Ranchi, Jharkhand)

    • Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL)(Raulkela)

    • South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL)(Bilaspur)

    • North Eastern Coalfields Limited (NECL)(directly under control of coal India limited)

    • Northern Coalfields Limited, Singrauli (NCL,Singrauli)

  • Navratna was the title given originally to nine Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs), identified by the Government of India in 1997 as its most prestigious, which allowed them greater autonomy to compete in the global market. The number of PSEs having Navratna status has been raised to 19, the most recent addition being Oil India Limited.

    • The incumbents of this group as of 1.12.2008 are:

    • Bharat Electronics Limited

    • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited

    • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited

    • Coal India Limited

    • GAIL (India) Limited

    • Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

    • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited

    • Indian Oil Corporation Limited---Maharatna category company now

    • Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited

    • National Aluminium Company Limited

    • National Mineral Development Corporation Limited

    • NTPC Limited---Maharatna category company now

    • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited----Maharatna category company now

    • Oil India Limited

    • Power Finance Corporation Limited

    • Power Grid Corporation of India Limited

    • Rural Electrification Corporation Limited

    • Shipping Corporation of India Limited

    • Steel Authority of India Limited---Maharatna category company now

    • Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd – (conferred in nov 2010)

Damodar Valley Corporation

  • The Damodar Valley Corporation, popularly known as DVC, is the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India. The corporation came into being on July 7, 1948 by an Act of the Constituent Assembly of India.

  • The initial focus of the DVC were flood control, irrigation, generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, eco-conservation and afforestation, as well as job creation for the socio-economic wellbeing of the people residing in and around areas affected by DVC projects. However, over the past few decades, power generation has gained priority.

Bharat Dynamics Limited

Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) is one of India’s manufacturer of munitions and missile systems. It was founded in 1970 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

BDL specializes in the manufacture of ammunitions, rifles and panels.

National Textile Corporation Limited (NTC)

A PSU that owns many textile mills. Incorporated in 1968.

United India Insurance Company Limited (UIIC)

Estd. 1938. Merger and nationalization in 1972.

United India Insurance Company Limited is a leading General Insurance Company of India. It was formed by the merger of 22 companies, consequent to nationalisation of General Insurance. Its Head Quarters is at Chennai, India.

Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO)

Established in 1967, Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited, also known as IFFCO, is the world’s largest fertiliser cooperative federation based in India which is registered as a Multistate Cooperative Society. IFFCO has 40,000 member cooperatives. The Society is primarily engaged in the production and distribution of fertilisers.


It is a global financial services firm headquartered in Basel and Zurich, Switzerland. It is the world’s largest manager of private wealth assets and also the second largest bank in Europe.

Central Warehousing Corporation

A premier Warehousing Agency in India, established during 1957 providing logistics support to the agricultural sector, is one of the biggest public warehouse operators in the country offering logistics services to a diverse group of clients.

Food Corporation of India

  • The Food Corporation of India was setup under the Food Corporation Act 1964, in order to fulfil following objectives of the Food Policy:

    • Effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers.

    • Distribution of food grains throughout the country for public distribution system

    • Maintaining satisfactory level of operational and buffer stocks of food grains to ensure National Food Security

  • In its 45 years of service to the nation, FCI has played a significant role in India’s success in transforming the crisis management oriented food security into a stable security system.

  • Chairman: Siraj Hussain

Dredging Corporation of India Limited (DCI)

Miniratna PSU engaged in the business of dredging.

Established: 1976

HQ: Vishakhapatnam

Chairman & MD: S S Tripathi

National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC)

Estd. 1958.

HQ: Hyderabad

NMDC is a PSU involved in the exploration of iron ore, copper, limestone, dolomite, gypsum, tin etc. It is India’s largest iron ore producer and exporter. It has three fully mechanized mines in Chhattisgarh and Karnataka. It also operates the only mechanized diamond mine in the country at Panna in Madhya Pradesh.

Developed by: