Notes on Classical Music Hindustani and Carnatic for PAR

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 297K)

Classical Music

Image of Classical Music

Image of Classical Music

Image of Classical Music

Sub Styles under Hindustani Classical

  • Dhrupada

  • Khayal

  • Dhammar

  • Thumri

  • Tarana

  • tappa

(1) Dhrupad

  • Mother of all sub styles.

  • Vedic origin

  • Developed in temples

  • Pronouncing mantras in proper tone

  • Performance of dhrupad-aalap and Bandish

  • Systematic arrangements of musical parts

  • Theme Religion,philosophy,devotion,celebration of seasons

  • Promoted by Rja Mansingh Tomar of Gwalior

  • Akbar also made it popular through Haridas,Tansen and Baiju Bawra

4 gharanas under Dhrupad style
  • Dagar Gharana

  • Also known as Jaipur gharana

  • Related to Dagri Bani

  • Gundecha brothers,Haridas,Behram Khan

  • Darbhanga Gharana

  • Bihar

  • Related to gauhar bani

  • Founder-kartaram

  • Malik family

  • Betiah Gharana

    • bihar

    • Related to Khandar bani

    • Hyder khan

  • Talwandi gharana

  • Punjab

  • Related to Nauhari bani

(2) Khayal

  • Khayal means an idea,thought or imagination

  • More free and flowery

  • Theme divine love, separation of lovers,pranks of lord Krishna

  • Lyrics ornamental

  • More words are used

  • Use of taan tempo

  • Performance of khayal on the base of tempo

  • Bada khayal

  • Chhota khayal

4 Ghranas under Khayal Style
  • Gwalior gharana

  • Oldest

  • Vishnu palushkar-famous song-raghupati raghav raja ram

  • Kirana gharana

  • Kurukshetra,Haryana

  • Pt.Bheemsen Joshi,Gangubai

  • Patiala gharana

  • Rhythm is important

  • Focus on emotions

  • Founder-ustad bade gulam ali khan

  • Begum Akhtar,Naina devi

  • Agra Gharana

  • Also known as Rangeela Gharana

  • Importance of raga

  • Vijay Kichlu,C.R.vyas

(3) Dhammar Style

  • Dhammar taal

  • beats irregular beat

  • More freedom

  • Theme erotic, Krishna,festsivals etc.

(4) Thumri Style

  • Mixed ragas

  • Use of light and romantic words

  • Theme-romantic

  • Songs sung in BRAJ BHASHA

  • 2 types

  • Purbi thumri

  • Punjabi thumri

(5) Tarana Style

  • Rhythm is important

  • No meaning words

  • Fast tempo

  • Emphasis on producing rhythm

  • Requires specialization and skill for rythemic manipulation

(6) Tappa Style

  • Punjab

  • Initially sug by camel drivers of north-west

  • Very quick phrases are used.

  • Short taan,without much elaboration

  • The style is getting extinct.

  • Artist Miyah Sodi