Granaries, Drainage System, Dockyard of Lothal & Indus valley Sculpture (Seals and Sculpture) for PAR

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Granaries

  • Found in citadel

  • Intelligent construction strategic air ducts and platform

Drainage System

Image of Drainrage system

Image of Drainrage System

Image of Drainrage system

  • Almost like modern system

  • Temporarily covered drains cleaning purpose

Dockyard of Lothal

Image of Dockyard of Lothal

Image of Dockyard of Lothal

Image of Dockyard of Lothal

  • The dockyard was located away from the main current to avoid deposition of silt.

  • It is speculated that Lothal engineers studied tidal movements, and their effects on brick built structures, since the walls are of kiln burnt bricks.

  • The dock, with a canal opening to allow water to flow into the river, thereby maintaining a stable water level.

  • The dock also possessed a lock gate system a wooden door could be lowered at the mouth of the outlet to retain a minimum column of water in the basin to ensure floatation at low tides.

Indus Valley Sculpture

Image of Indus valley sculpture

Image of Indus Valley Sculpture

Image of Indus valley sculpture

Seals

  • square or rectangular, circular and few are cylindrical piece of stone

  • Average size inches

  • Stone soft riverstone statite,copper and terracotta

  • Decorated with animal motifs except cow

  • Pictographic script on both sides of the seals

  • Some gold, silver, and ivory seals.

Script

Early Script

Early Script

Early Script

  • Script pictographic

  • Along with animal impressions which are yet to be deciphered.

  • Direction of writing right to left.