End of Indus Valley Civilization & Mauryan and post-Mauryan period for PAR

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End of Indus Valley Civilization

Image of Indus Valley civilization

Image of Indus Valley Civilization

Image of Indus Valley civilization

  • The Indus civilization ended in about C. B.C. probably due to the Aryan invasion of India.

  • Except for some antiquities of the copper hoard culture and ceramics, no trace of any plastic art is found during the next years.

  • This may perhaps be due to perishable materials like wood, which could not withstand the rigors of time.

  • The carvings of flat surface, as met with at Bharuch and Sanchi, are an echo of an earlier tradition in wood or ivory.

  • But this intervening period of about years is important, because it was during this time that a synthesis took place between the fertility cults of the Dravidians, who were the original inhabitants of India, and the Aryan elements of rites and rituals.

Mauryan and Post-Mauryan Period

Image of buddhist Art

Image of Buddhist Art

Image of buddhist Art

Outside influence is present Persian and achaemenian

Image of Court and Popular Art

Image of Court and Popular Art

Image of Court and Popular Art

Mauryan Period

Image of ashok stambh

Image of Ashok Stambh

Image of ashok stambh

  • Time period 4th 3th centuries B.C.

  • Asoka, first mauryan to ‘think in stone’.

Pillars

  • The great Buddhist Emperor Ashoka caused the erection of monolithic pillars of sandstone.

  • Asokan pillars were lofty freestanding monolithic columns erected on sacred sites.

  • 30 to 40 feet high, crowned by animal figures like the bull, lion and elephant

  • inscribed with the Buddhist concepts of morality, humanity and piety, which he wished his people to follow

  • Famous Ashokan pillars are from Lauriya Nandangarh in Bihar, Sanchi, and Sarnath.

Purpose

  • Symbol of state

  • To declare the victory

  • To spread the moral ideas.

Design of the Pillar

Image of design pillar of Ashok stambh

Image of Design Pillar of Ashok Stambh

Image of design pillar of Ashok stambh