Famous Line, Frontiers, Geographical Discoveries, World – Minerals, World – Industries, Countries and Alternative Names

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for IAS : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Famous Line, Frontiers

Durand Line: Pakistan and Afghanistan

Hindenburg Line: Germany and Poland.

Mac Mohan Line: India and China

Maginot Line: France and Germany.

Oder Neisse Line: East Germany and Poland.

Radcliffe Line: India and Pakistan

Siegfried Line: Germany and France.

17th Parallel : North and South Vietnam

24th Parallel : India and Pakistan

38th Parallel : North and South Korea

49th Parallel : U. S. A. and Canada

Geographical Discoveries

America: Christopher Columbus

Sea-route to India: Vasco-da-Gama

North Pole: Robert Peary

South Pole: Amundsen

Suez Canal: Designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps

World -Minerals

Aluminium: USA, France & India

Asbestos: Canada, Zimbabwe

Bauxite: Australia, Guinea

Chromium: Zimbabwe, India

Coal: U. S. A. , England, Russia and Germany

Copper Ore: CIS, U. S. A.

Crude Oil: CIS, Saudi Arabia

Diamonds: CIS, Zaire

Gold: South Africa, South America, Australia

Graphite Ore: CIS, Brazil

Ilmenite: India

Iron Ore: U. S. A. , Russia

Lignite: East Germany, CIS

Manganese Ore: CIS, South Africa

Mercury: Italy, Spain

Mica, Monazite: India

Natural Gas: U. S. A. , CIS

Nickel Ore: Canada, CIS

Petroleum: U. S. A. , Russia & Middle East Countries

Phosphate: U. S. A. , CIS

Silver: Mexico, U. S. A. , and India

Steel: U. S. A. , Russia, U. K. & Germany

Tin: Malaysia, Indonesia

Uranium: U. S. A. , Canada

Zinc Ore: Canada, CIS

World - Industries

Baku (Russia) : Petroleum

Bangkok (Thailand) : Shipping

Belfast (Ireland) : Ship buildings, Linen goods

Buenos Aires (Argentina) : Dairy Products

Cadiz (Spain) : Cork

Chicago (U. S. A.) : Gramophone

Detroit (U. S. A.) : Automobiles

Dresden: Optical and Photographic apparatus

Glasgow (Scotland) : Machinery, Textiles

Havana (Cuba) : Cigar

Hollywood (U. S. A.) : Films

Johannesburg (South Africa) : Gold Mines

Kimberley (South Africa) : Diamond Mining

Leeds (England) : Woollen Goods

Los Angeles (U. S. A.) : Film, Oil

Lyons (France) : Silk

Morocco (North America) : Leather

Munich (Germany) : Lenses

New Orleans (U. S. A.) : Cotton

Pittsburgh (U. S. A.) : Iron and Steel

Plymouth (England) : Ship building

Sheffield: Cutlery

Venice (Italy) : Glass

Vienna (Austria) : Glass

Wellington (New Zealand) : Dairy Products

Countries and Alternative Names

Bechuanaland: Botswana

Burma: Myanmar

Ceylon: Sri Lanka

Dutch Guiana: Surinam

Formosa: Taiwan

India: Bharat

Japan: Nippon

North Borneo: Sabah

Kampuchea: Cambodia

Rhodesia: Zimbabwe

Siam: Thailand

South-West Africa: Namibia

Developed by: