National Education Mission: Most Important Topic for 2021 RBI Assistant Exam

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  • He Census 2001 provisional reports indicate that India has made significant progress in the field of literacy during the decade since the previous census in 1991. The literacy rate in 2001 has been recorded at 64.84 % as against 52.21 % in 1991. The 12.63 percentage points increase in the literacy rate during the period is the highest increase in any decade.
  • Also for the first time there is a decline in the absolute number of non-literates during the past 10 years. The total number of non-literates has come down from 328 million in 1991 to 304 million in 2001. During 1991 - 2000, the population in 7 + age group increased by 176 million while 201 million additional persons became literate during that period.
  • Out of 864 million people above the age of 7 years, 560 million are now literates. Three-fourths of our male population and more than half of the female population are literate. This indeed is an encouraging indicator for us to speed up our march towards the goal of achieving a sustainable threshold literacy rate of 75 % by 2007.
  • The National Literacy Mission is laying great stress on vigorous monitoring and systematic evaluation of adult education programmes launched under its aegis in the country. It has developed and circulated guidelines for concurrent and final evaluation of the Total Literacy Campaigns and Post Literacy Programmes.
  • A comprehensive set of guidelines on continuing education have also been prepared. So far about 424 Total Literacy Campaign districts and 176 Post Literacy districts have been evaluated by the external evaluation agencies. So far 32 districts have been externally evaluated during continuing education phase. It is hoped that the new approach of evaluating literacy campaigns and Continuing Education Schemes will ensure complete transparency and enhance the credibility of the results and impact assessments.
National Literacy Mission


  • In quantitative terms, the Mission seeks to impart functional literacy to all non-literate persons in 15 - 35 age group.
  • In qualitative terms, functional literacy implies:
    • Self-reliance in 3 R՚s
    • Becoming aware of the causes of deprivation and moving towards amelioration of their condition by participating in the process of development
    • Skill improvement to improve economic status and general wellbeing.
    • Imbibing values of national integration, conservation of environment, women՚s equality and observance of small family norms etc.


  • Target for XIth plan-85 % Literacy rate.
  • Reduction in gender gap in literacy to 10 % .
  • Reduction of regional, social and gender disparities.
  • Use of ICT for Literacy.
  • New models of Continuing Education.

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