National Ganga Plan and Ghat Works: Most Important Topic for 2021 RBI Assistant Exam

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  • Its implementation has been divided into Entry-Level Activities (for immediate visible impact) , Medium-Term Activities (to be implemented within 5 years of time frame) & Long-Term Activities (to be implemented within 10 years) .
Ganga Cleaning

The Key Achievements under Namami Gange Programme Are:-

  • Creating Sewerage Treatment Capacity:- 63 sewerage management projects under implementation in the States of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal. 12 new sewerage management Projects Launched in these states. Work is under construction for creating Sewerage capacity of 1187.33 (MLD) . Hybrid Annuity PPP Model based two projects has been initiated for Jagjeetpur, Haridwar & Ramanna, & Varanasi.
  • Creating River-Front Development:-28 River-Front Development projects & 33 Entry level Projects for construction, modernization & renovation of 182 Ghats and 118 crematoria has been initiated.
  • River Surface Cleaning:-River Surface cleaning for collection of floating solid waste from the surface of the Ghats & River & its disposal are afoot & pushed into service at 11 locations.
  • Bio-Diversity Conservation:- Several Bio-Diversity conservation projects are namely: Biodiversity Conservation & Ganga Rejuvenation, Fish & Fishery Conservation in Ganga River, Ganges River Dolphin Conservation Education Programme has been initiated. 5 Bio-Diversity center՚s at Dehradun, Narora, Allahabad, Varanasi & Barrack pore has been developed for restoration of identified priority species.
  • Afforestation:- Forestry interventions for Ganga through Wildlife Institute of India; Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute & Centre for Environment Education has been initiated. Forestry interventions for Ganga has been executed as per the Detailed Project Report prepared by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun for a period of 5 years (2016 - 2021) at project cost of ₹ 2300 Crores. Work has been commenced in 7 districts of Uttarakhand for medicinal plants.
  • Public Awareness:- A series of activities such as events, workshops, seminars and conferences & numerous IEC activities were organized to make a strong pitch for public outreach & community participation in the programme. Various awareness activities through rallies, campaigns, exhibitions, shram daan, cleanliness drives, competitions, plantation drives & development & distribution of resource materials were organized & for wider publicity the mass mediums such as TV/Radio, print media advertisements, advertorials, featured articles & advertorials were published. Gange Theme song was released widely & played on digital media to enhance the visibility of the programme. NMCG ensured presence at Social Media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, & You Tube etc.
  • Industrial Effluent Monitoring:- The number of Grossly Polluting Industries (GPIs) in April, 2019 are 1072. Regulation & enforcement through regular & surprise inspections of GPIs is carried out for compliance verification against stipulated environmental norms. The GPIs are also inspected on annual basis for compliance verification of the pollution norms & process modification, wherever required through third party technical institutes. First round of inspection of GPIs by the third-party technical institutes has been carried out in 2017. Second round of inspection of GPIs has been completed in 2018. Out of 961 GPIs inspected in 2018,636 are complying, 110 are non-complying & 215 are self-closed. Action has been taken against 110 non-complying GPIs & are issued closure directions under Section 5 of the E (P) Act. Online Continuous Effluent Monitoring Stations (OCEMS) connectivity established to CPCB server in 885 out of 1072 GPIs.
  • Ganga Gram:- Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation (MoDWS) identified 1674 Gram Panchayats situated on the bank of River Ganga in 5 State (Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, & West Bengal) . ₹ 578 Crores has been released to Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation (MoDWS) for construction of toilets in 1674 Gram Panchayats of 5 Ganga Basin States. Out of the targeted 15,27, 105 units, MoDWS has completed construction of 8,53, 397 toilets.
  • Consortium of 7 IITs has been engaged in the preparation of Ganga River basin Plan & 65 villages has been adopted by 13 IITs to develop as model villages. UNDP has been engaged as the executing agency for rural sanitation programme & to develop Jharkhand as a model State at an estimated cost of ₹ 127 Crore.
  • National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860. It acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA) , 1986.
  • NGRBA has since been dissolved with effect from the 7th October 2016, consequent to constitution of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred as National Ganga Council) vide notification no. S. O. 3187 (E) date 7th October 2016 under EPA 1986.
  • NMCG has a two tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council & Executive Committee. Both of them are headed by Director General, NMCG. Executive Committee has been authorized to accord approval for all projects up to ₹ 1000 crore. Similar to structure at national level, State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) acts as implementing arm of State Ganga Committees.
  • Thus the newly created structure attempts to bring all stakeholders on one platform to take a holistic approach towards the task of Ganga cleaning & rejuvenation.
  • The Director General (DG) of NMCG is an Additional Secretary in Government of India. For effective implementation of the projects under the overall supervision of NMCG, the State Level Program Management Groups (SPMGs) are, also headed by senior officers of the concerned States.

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