Pardhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana: Most Important Topic for 2021 RBI Assistant Exam

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Objective

  • The Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) aims at correcting the imbalances in the availability of affordable healthcare facilities in the different parts of the country in general, & augmenting facilities for quality medical education in the under-served States in particular. The scheme was approved in March 2006.
Pardhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

Implementation

First Phase

  • The first phase in the PMSSY has two components - setting up of six institutions in the line of AIIMS; & upgradation of 13 existing Government medical college institutions.
  • It has been decided to set up 6 AIIMS-like institutions, one each in the States of Bihar (Patna) , Chhattisgarh (Raipur) , Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal) , Orissa (Bhubaneswar) , Rajasthan (Jodhpur) and Uttaranchal (Rishikesh) at an estimated cost of ₹ 840 crores per institution. These States have been identified on the basis of various socio-economic indicators like human development index, literacy rate, population below poverty line & per capital income & health indicators like population to bed ratio, prevalence rate of serious communicable diseases, infant mortality rate etc.
  • Each institution will have a 960 bedded hospital (500 beds for the medical college hospital; 300 beds for Specialty/Super Specialty; 100 beds for ICU/Accident trauma; 30 beds for Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation & 30 beds for Ayush) intended to provide healthcare facilities in 42 Specialty/Super-Specialty disciplines.
  • Medical College will have 100 UG intake besides facilities for imparting PG/doctoral courses in various disciplines, largely based on Medical Council of India (MCI) norms & also nursing college conforming to Nursing Council norms.
  • 13 existing medical institutions spread over 10 States will also be upgraded, with an outlay of ₹ 120 crores (₹ 100 crores from Central Government & ₹ 20 crores from State Government) for each institution. These institutions are Government Medical College, Jammu, & Jammu & Kashmir
    • Kolkata Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal
    • Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
    • Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
    • Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana
    • Sri Venkateshwara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
    • Government Medical College, Salem, Tamil Nadu
    • B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
    • Bangalore Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka
    • Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
    • Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) , Ranchi
    • Grants Medical College & Sir J. J. Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Second Phase

  • In the second phase of PMSSY, the Government has approved the setting up of two more AIIMS-like institutions, one each in the States of West Bengal & Uttar Pradesh & upgradation of six medical college institutions namely
    • Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab
    • Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh
    • Government Medical College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
    • Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra
    • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
    • Pt. B. D. Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak
  • The estimated cost for each AIIMS-like institution is ₹ 823 crore. For upgradation of medical college institutions, Central Government will contribute ₹ 125 crore each.

Third Phase

  • In the third phase of PMSSY, it is proposed to upgrade the following existing medical college institutions namely
    • Government Medical College, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh
    • Government Medical College, Rewa, Madhya Pradesh
    • Government Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh
    • Government Medical College, Dharbanga, Bihar
    • Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala
    • Vijaynagar Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary, Karnataka
    • Government Medical College, Muzaffarpur, Bihar
  • The project cost for upgradation of each medical college institution has been estimated at ₹ 150 crores per institution, out of which Central Government will contribute ₹ 125 crores and the remaining ₹ 25 crore will be borne by the respective State Governments.

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