Swachh Bharat Mission: Most Important Topic for 2021 RBI Assistant Exam

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  • Swachh Bharat Mission is a massive mass movement that seeks to create a Clean India by 2019. The father of our nation Mr. Mahatma Gandhi always puts the emphasis on cleanliness as cleanliness leads to healthy & prosperous life. Keeping this in mind, the Indian government has decided to launch the Swachh bharat mission on October 2,2014.
  • The mission will cover all rural & urban areas.
  • The urban component of the mission will be implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development, & the rural component by the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation.

Swachh Bharat Mission for Urban Areas

  • The programme includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of unsanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, municipal solid waste management & bringing about a behavioral change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices.
  • The mission aims to cover 1.04 crore households, provide 2.5 lakh community toilets, 2.6 lakh public toilets, & a solid waste management facility in each town. Under the programme, community toilets will be built in residential areas where it is difficult to construct individual household toilets.
  • Public toilets will also be constructed in designated locations such as tourist places, markets, bus stations, railway stations, etc. The programme will be practiced over a five-year period in 4,401 towns.
  • The total assistance available for construction of an individual toilet is ₹ 4000/- from the Central Government & an amount of ₹ 1333/- at least from the State Government. However in the case of the North East States, the states are essential to contribute only ₹ 400/- per individual toilet.
  • However, there is no bar on releasing any extra funds at any stage by the ULB/State Government through additional resources.
  • The expected assistance for construction of community toilets - Central Government will contribute Upto 40 % of the cost of construction of community toilet as a VGF/outright grant. As per SBM guidelines, the States/UTs shall provide an additional 13.33 % for the said component.
  • The NE & special category states shall be required to contribute 4 % only. The balance should have to be arranged through innovative mechanisms by the urban local body. The approximate cost per seat for a community toilet is ₹ 65,000/-.
  • ₹ 62,009 crore is to be spent on the programme. The Centre will pitch in ₹ 14,623 crore. Of the Centre՚s share of ₹ 14,623 crore, ₹ 7,366 crore will be spent on solid waste management, ₹ 4,165 crore on individual household toilets, ₹ 1,828 crore on public awareness & ₹ 655 crore on community toilets.

Importance of Swachh Bharat Mission

Title: Importance of Swachh Bharat Mission

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)

  • The Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) . This aims to make India an open defecation free country in Five Years. It leads to improve the levels of cleanliness in rural areas through Solid & Liquid Waste Management activities & making Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF) , clean & sanitized.
  • Under the mission, One lakh thirty four thousand crore rupees will be spent for construction of about 11 crore 11 lakh toilets in the country. Technology will be used on a large scale to convert waste into wealth in rural India in the forms of bio-fertilizer & different forms of energy. The mission is to be executed on war footing with the involvement of every gram panchayat, panchayat samiti and Zila Parishad in the country, besides roping in large sections of rural population & school teachers & students in this aim.
  • Incentive as provided under the Mission for the construction of Individual Household Latrines (IHHL) should be available for all Below Poverty Line (BPL) Households & above Poverty Line (APL) households restricted to SCs/STs, small & marginal farmers, landless laborers with homestead, physically handicapped & women headed households. The Incentive amount provided under SBM (G) to Below Poverty Line (BPL) /identified APLs households shall be up to ₹ 12,000 for construction of one unit of IHHL & provide for water availability, including for storing for hand-washing & cleaning of the toilet. Central Share of this Incentive for IHHLs shall be ₹ 9,000/- (75 %) from Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) . The State share will be ₹ 3,000/- (25 %) . For North Eastern State, and Special category States, the Central share will be ₹ 10,800/- & the State share ₹ 1,200/- (90 %: 10 %) . The beneficiary is to be encouraged to additionally contribute in the construction of his/her IHHL to promote ownership.

Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan

  • Under Swachh Bharat Mission Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched Swachh Vidyalaya Programme with an objective to provide separate toilets for boys & girls in all government schools within one year.
  • The programme aims at ensuring that every school in the country must have a set of essential interventions that relate to both technical & human development aspects of a good Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Programme.
  • The Ministry financially supports States/Union Territories inter alia to provide toilets for girls & boys in schools under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) .

Rashtriya Swachhata Kosh

  • The Swachh Bharat Kosh (SBK) has been set up to facilitate & channelize individual philanthropic contributions & Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds to achieve the objective of Clean India (Swachh Bharat) by the year 2019. The Kosh will be used to achieve the objective of improving cleanliness levels in rural & urban areas, including in schools.
  • The allocation from the Kosh will be used to supplement & complement departmental resources for such activities. To incentivise contributions from individuals & corporate, modalities are being considered to provide tax rebates where it is possible. For the complete operational guidelines.

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