Umbrella Programme for Development of Scheduled Tribes: Most Important Topic for 2021 RBI Assistant Exam

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  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for continuation of sub-schemes under “Umbrella programme for development of Scheduled Tribes” from 1.4. 2017 to 31.3. 2020 with an outlay of ₹ 11,900 crore.

The Approved Schemes Include

  • Pre-Matric Scholarship
  • Post Matric Scholarship
  • Ashram Schools
  • Boys & Girls Hostels
  • Vocational Training
  • Monitoring & Evaluation
  • Tribal Festivals, Tribal Research, Information & Mass Education
  • Aid to Voluntary Organisation working for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes
  • Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)
  • Minimum Support Price for Minor Forest Produce
  • Special Central Assistance (SCA) to States for Tribal Sub-Schemes (TSS)


  • The sub-schemes will help to fill critical gaps in institutions and programmes for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes with focus on specific interventions.


  • More than 10 crore Scheduled Tribe population will be benefitted through this scheme.


  • The ongoing schemes have been rationalized by the Government and have been brought under Umbrella programme for development of Scheduled Tribes as its sub-schemes. These sub-schemes need continuation for delivering development related services to the intended ST beneficiaries. The aims of these schemes are as under:
    • To reduce the gap in the education achievement of ST children compared to the other population groups
    • To fill in the critical gaps in existing efforts of access, retention & quality of education of ST children
    • Research studies in the field of tribal development
    • To promote effectiveness in delivery of service & also enhance the reach of welfare schemes of Government in service deficient tribal areas in the sectors such as livelihood, health, & education etc. through efforts of Voluntary Organisations (VOs)
    • Planning the socio-economic development of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in a holistic manner by adopting habitat development approach
    • To establish a system to ensure fair monetary returns to Minor Forest Produce (MFP) gatherers for their efforts in collection, primary processing, storage, packaging, transportation etc.
    • vii. To enhance quality of life by providing basic amenities in tribal areas/localities including housing, link road, last mile connectivity, drinking water, sanitation etc.

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