Key, Priorities to India՚s Foreign Policy: China, Pakistan and Afghanistan

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Key, Priorities to India՚s Foreign Policy

Q. What are the key, priorities to India՚s foreign policy today? How India is trying to secure its vital national Interest in the Contemporary World Scenario?

Ans: The Key priorities of India՚s foreign policy today is closely integrated with the Country՚s fundamental Security and development priorities. India seek a global order in which India՚s interest are assured, the autonomy of India՚s decision making is Safeguarded, and which is conducive to achievement of the overriding goal of rapid, Sustained and including socio-economic development of the country. To this end, India՚s foreign policy has combined fire commitment to India՚s core national values and ideas like multilateralism, peaceful coexistence, Justice, freedom, equality, fraternity with dynamic adaptation to change in the international environment. Central to our policy objective is ensuring a peaceful and secure neighbourhood, Cordial and balanced relations with the major powers and mutually beneficial partnership with developing countries.

  • Now let me elaborate the above India՚s approach one by one.
  • India՚s approach toward its neighbouring Countries
  • India՚s Commitment to close and good neighbourly relations with all its Sub Continental neighbours is based on the fundamental principles of equality and mutual respect.

(a) China: Although there is an unresolved boundary question between the two Countries India have consciously practice a policy of engagement. Now this policy of engagement is yielding positive dividend also India has collaborated usefully on a variety of multi-lateral issues with China.

(b) Pakistan: The relationship between the two countries the last few decades have been distorted and adversely impacted by the factor of cross-border terrorism. So, a stable Pakistan which acts as a bulwark against terrorism and extremism is in its own interest and also in the interest of India.

(c) Afghanistan: India help Afghanistan in its reconstruction efforts with the aim of bringing peace and stability in that country. The assistance programme is particularly emphasis on capacity building and human resource development.

(d) Bangladesh: The relationship between the Countries have improved Significantly over the last two years. The dialogue between the two countries is in a people cantered manner that stressed trade, Connectivity easier transit, development and the enhancement to mutual security cooperation against insurgency and terrorism.

(e) Sri Lanka: After the end of the civil war in Sri Lanka. India is concentrating for the reconstruction rehabilitation and economic development in Sri Lanka. Gandhiji, called India, Sri Lanka՚s nearest neighbour. It is through that prism that we see our ties this island nation.

  • Thus, India have articulated a policy in its neighbourhoods that emphasises the advantages of building networks of inter-connectivity, trade, and investment. So that prosperity can be shared and so that the region can benefit from India՚s rapid economic growth and rising prosperity.
  • India՚s Look East Policy: The aim is to integration with Southeast and East Asia at the Strategic, Political, economic, cultural and people to people level. This is represents the renewal of the rich civilization contact expressed in India՚s contact and interaction with this region in the annual of history.
  • India՚s Stand for restructuring and reform of the U. N: India has strongly supported the problem of reform and restructuring of the U. N. to make it better equipped to effectively respond to an era of transformational change in global affairs. India joined the U. N. Security Council as a non-permanent member on 1 January 2011. India said its effort has been concentrated on the need for resolution of conflict through reasoned negotiation and diplomatic means rather than the use for force.
  • Regarding Terrorism: As the chair of the Security Council՚s Counter Terrorism (1373) Committee (CTC) and the 1566 working group. India is committed to taking global counter terrorism efforts forward.
  • India consider the 1267 regime against Al-Qaeda and Taliban as a Core instrument available to the international Community in our fight against terrorism.
  • Adoption in comprehensive Core-nation on International Terrorism (CCIT) a draft which was proposed by India is 1996, is a key objective for Indian to fight against terrorism.