Arts of Beads and Ornaments, Dancing Girl & Mother Goddess

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  • The Harappan men and women decorated themselves with a large variety of ornaments produced from every conceivable material ranging from precious metals and gemstones to bone and baked clay.

  • Necklaces, fillets, armlets and finger-rings were commonly worn by both sexes, women wore girdles, earrings and anklets.



  • Hoards of jewellery found at Mohenjo-Daro and Lothal include necklaces of gold and semi-precious stones, copper bracelets and beads, gold earrings and head ornaments, faience pendants and buttons, and beads of steatite and gemstones.

  • Ornaments are well crafted.

  • A cemetery has been found at Farmana in Haryana where dead bodies were buried with ornaments.

  • The bead industry seems to have been well developed as evident from the factories discovered at Chanhudaro and Lothal.

  • Beads were made of cornelian, amethyst, jasper, crystal, quartz, steatite, turquoise, lapis lazuli, etc.

  • Metals like copper, bronze and gold, and shell, faience and terracotta or burnt clay were also used for manufacturing beads.

  • The beads are in varying shapes—disc-shaped, cylindrical, spherical, barrel-shaped, and segmented.

  • The discovery of a large number of spindles and spindle whorls in the houses of the Indus Valley that spinning of cotton and wool was very common.

  • Both the rich and the poor practised spinning is indicated by finds of whorls made of the expensive faience as also of the cheap pottery and shell.

  • Men and women wore two separate pieces of attire similar to the dhoti and shawl.

  • The shawl covered the left shoulder passing below the right shoulder.

  • The people of the Indus Valley were conscious of fashion.

  • Different hairstyles were in vogue and wearing of a beard was popular among all.

  • Cinnabar was used as a cosmetic and face paint, lipstick and collyrium (eyeliner) were also known.

  • Many stone structural remains are also found at Dholavira which show how the Indus Valley people used stone in construction.

  • The artists and craftsmen of the Indus Valley were extremely skilled in a variety of crafts—metal casting, stone carving, making and painting pottery and making terracotta images using simplified motifs of animals, plants and birds.

Dancing Girl

  • One of the best-known art effects from the Indus Valley is this approximately four-inch-high copper figure of a dancing girl.

  • Found in Mohenjo-Daro, this exquisite casting depicts a girl whose long hair is tied in a bun.

Dancing girl

Dancing Girl

  • Bull-Bronze. Founds Painted EARTHENJAR Found in Mohenjo-Daro, this jar is made on a potter’s wheel with clay.

Mother Goddess

  • The mother goddess figures are usually crude standing female figures adorned with necklaces hanging over prominent breasts and wearing a loin cloth and a girdle.

Mother god

Mother God

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