Gunnar Myrdal: Introduction Sociology YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Gunnar Myrdal

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  • Swedish economist
  • Nobel Prize 1974
  • Institutional approach to study social change and development
  • Liberal approach


  • An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem in Modern Democracy, 1944
    • theory of cumulative causation
    • how poverty creates poverty
  • The Political Element in the Development of Economic Theory , 1930
  • Beyond the Welfare State: Economic Planning and Its International Implications, 1960
  • The Asian Drama: An Inquiry into the Poverty of Nations , 1968
  • To study people՚s desire for development
  • Like attitude towards work
  • Towards life
  • Income
  • Productivity, etc.
  • All these are connected and determine the level of development in a society

Soft State

  • India՚s development as Soft State in 1960s
  • Newly independent states find difficulties in taking hard decisions to enforce the rule of law

Asian Drama

  • He was a Malthusian
  • Believed that population growth in Asia would stunt economic growth
  • 21st century show that many Asian countries have experienced both population growth and high economic growth.
  • Interdisciplinary approach
  • Study of India՚s development
  • India is burdened with social indiscipline, corruption and weak law enforcement.
  • Quest for rationality is the basis of development in economic and social fields
  • People want to modernize
  • But on lines of West – ‘modernization ideals’
  • Interlinked changes in India – casually interrelated
  • Circular causation
  • Various conditions
  • Interdependence (socio-pol-eco-cultural)

Q. 1. Match the items in the List – I with the List – II and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I

a. Liberal

b. Uneven development

c. Centre periphery

d. World system

List – II

i. Wallerstein

ii. Andre Gounder Frank

iii. Samir Amin

iv. Gunnar Myrdal


(A) a-iv, b-iii, c-ii, d-i

(B) a-ii, b-iii, c-i, d-iv

(C) a-iv, b-ii, c-i, d-iii

(D) a-iii, b-ii, c-iv, d-i

Answer: (A)

#Sociology of Development

#Liberal Theories of Underdevelopment

#Gunnar Myrdal (For SET)


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