SAT Questions and Answers Model Paper 2 Important Questions Section D

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Section - D

Time - 25 minutes

24 Question

1. Due to the ------ of architect Benjamin Banneker, the remarkable street plan for Washington D.C. that had nearly been abandoned was -------- and carried out.

(A) Artistry. . Rejected

(B) Persistence. . Revived

(C) Pessimism. . Originated

(D) Cautiousness. . Postponed

(E)Foresight. . Ignored

2. Because marine algae indirectly remove atmospheric carbon dioxide, a major ------- in marine algae population might result in -------- levels of carbon dioxide.

(A) Transformation. . Perceptible

(B) Reduction. . Elevated

(C) Explosion. . Increased

(D) Decline. .stabilized

(E) Change. . Uniform

3. Keats’s poetry was called -------- by those critics who noted that he indulged in sensuous imagery and luxuriant diction.

(A) Voluptuous

(B) Imperious

(C) Sheepish

(D) Harmonious

(E) Pedantic

4. Even when offstage, the acting troupe exhibited the -------- behavior usually associated with histrionic temperaments.

(A) Pessimistic

(B) Torpid

(C) Exaggerated

(D) Judicious

(E) Ingenuous

5. Danielle was easily the most --------- of her classmates, rarely willing to compromise or even listen to others’ pleas.

(A) Discreet

(B) Deferential

(C) Loquacious

(D) Obdurate

(E) Rapacious

Start Passage

Questions 6-9 are based on the following passages.

Passage 1

Questions 6-9 Are Based on the Following Passages
Questions 6-9 are based on the following passages.

No.

Passage

5

One of the strangest and most enthralling aspects of blogs (online journals) is just how intensely personal they can be. People like me maintain personal blogs because they like the idea that there’s a place where a record of their existence is kept ---- a house with an always – open door

10

Where people Who are looking for you can check on you, compare notes with you, and tell you what they think of you. Sometimes that to use is messy, sometimes horrifyingly so. In real life, we wouldn’t invite any passing stranger into these situations, but the remove of the

Internet makes it seem OK.

Passage 2

Questions 6-9 Are Based on the Following Passages
Questions 6-9 are based on the following passages.

No.

Passage

15

Something about the personals blog makes me distinctly uncomfortable. After several hours of reading these blogs, I often feel sick, as if I’ve watched too many tell-all talk shows on daytime television. I’ve learned too much I didn’t

20

Need to know about too many people’s everyday lives without Anything particularly extraordinary to recommend them except the bloggers’ own sense of importance. Some blogs make me feel guilty, as if I have been looking at texts that are too personal and not intended for me to see. But I

Must confess that when I find a blog I like, I frequent the site daily, anxious for new entries.

6. The authors of both passages

(A) Criticize the development of a new technology

(B) Offer personal views of a contemporary practice

(C) Advocate participation in a creative enterprise

(D) Suggest unconventional modes of personal

(E) Mock common perceptions of a popular medium

7. Which generalization about personals blogs is supported by both passages?

(A) Writers often find personal blogs tedious to produce.

(B) The popularity of personals blogs is difficult to understand.

(C) Many of the issues discussed in discussed in personals blogs can be uninteresting to readers.

(D) Certain aspects of personal blogs are more acceptable on the internals than they would be in real life

(E) Private details are often exposed on personal blogs.

8. The author of passage 2 would most likely consider the “passing stranger” (lines 9-10 passage 1) to be

(A) An accurate characterization of a blog reader

(B) An inviting distraction to a blog writer

(C) An intrusion into the experience of reading a blog

(D) An unrealistic representation of the dangers of blogs

(E) A symbol of the fading popularity of blogs

9. Which statement best describes the relationship between the two passages?

(A) The author of passage 1 views personals blogs as unique and individual, where the author of passage 2 is interested in their broader culture significance.

(B) The author passage 1 is a self-effacing blogger, whereas the author of passage of passage 2 believes that writing blogs is a self-aggrandizing pursuit.

(C) The author of passage 1 finds the infancy of personal blogs compelling, whereas the author of passage 2 is ambivalent about that intimacy.

(D)The author of passage 1 asserts that many blogs are well written, whereas the author of passage 2 is embarrassed about the poor literary quality of many blog.

(E) The author of passage 1 argues that most blogs consider overarching social issues, whereas the author of passage 2 feels that too many blogs focus on mundane minutiae.

End Passage

Star Passage

Question 10 -15 are based on the following passage.

This passage is from a novel about an aspiring young writer living in London in 1950.

Question 10 -15 Are Based on the Following Passage
Question 10 -15 are based on the following passage

Line No.

Passage

5

One day in the middle of the twentieth century, I sat in an old graveyard which had not yet been demolished, in the Kensington area of London, when a young policeman stepped off the path and came over to me. He was shy and smiling, he might have been coming over the grass to ask

10

Me for a game of tennis. He only wanted to know what I was doing but plainly he didn’t like to ask. I told him I was writing a poem, and offered him a sandwich which he refused as he had just had his dinner, himself. He stopped to talk awhile, then he said good-bye, the graves must be

15

Very old, and that he wished me good luck and that it was nice to speak to somebody.

This was the last day of a whole chunk of my life but I didn’t know that at the time. I sat on the stone slab of some Victorian grave writing my poem as long as the sun lasted.

20

I lived nearby in a bed – sitting - room with a gas fire and a gas ring operated by pennies and shillings in the slot, whichever you preferred or had, My morale was high. I needed a job, but that, which should have been a depressing factor when viewed in cold blood, in fact simply

25

Was not. Neither was the swinishness of my landlord, a Mr. Alexander, short of stature. I was reluctant to go home lest he should waylay me I owed him no rent but he kept insisting that I should take a larger and more expensive room in his house, seeing that I had overcrowded the small

30

Single room whit my books, my papers, my boxes and bags, my food-stores and the evidence of constant visitors who stayed to tea or came late.

So far I had stood up to the landlord’s claim that I was virtually living a double-room life for single-room pay.

35

At the same time I was fascinated by his swinishness. Tall Mrs. Alexander always kept in the background so far as the renting of rooms was concerned, determined not to be confused with a landlady.

Her hair was always glossy black, new from the

40

Hairdresser, her nails polished red. She stepped in and out of the house with a polite nod like another, but more superior, tenant. I fairly drank her in with my mind while smiling politely back. I had nothing whatsoever against these Alexander’s except in the matter of their wanting me

45

To take on a higher-priced room. If he had thrown me out would still have had nothing much against them, I would mainly have been fascinated. In a sense I felt that the swine Alexander was quite excellent as such, surpassingly hand-picked. And although I wanted to avoid him on my return to

My lodging I knew very well I had something to gain from a confrontation, should It happen.

10. The policeman in the first paragraph is represented primarily as

(A) Talkative

(B) Prying

(C) Confident

(D) Polite

(E) Overbearing

11. Lines 13-14 (“This was . . . time”) are intended primarily to

(A) Foreshadow future developments

(B) Create a mood of melancholy

(C) Highlight the narrator’s inexperience

(D) Exemplify the narrator’s colloquial language

(E) Hint at the narrator’s previous misfortunes

12. in context, the phrase”in cold blood” (line 20) is best understood to mean

(A) Maliciously

(B) Rationally

(C) In a premeditated fashion

(D) With paralyzing fear

(E) With heartless detachment

13. The description of Mrs. Alexander in lines 32-38 (“Tall . . . tenant”) suggests that the narrator views her as

(A) Brooding and distant

(B) Proud and aloof

(C) Arrogant and ill-tempered

(D) Judgment and snide

(E) Boring and unintelligent

14. In context, the statement in line 38 (“I fairly . . . mind”) indicates that the narrator

(A) Feels connected intellectually to Mrs. Alexander

(B) Wishes she could be like Mrs. Alexander

(C) feels self-conscious in Mrs. Alexander’s presence

(D) Shuns Mrs. Alexander’s company

(E) Is captivated by Mrs. Alexander’s style

15. The narrator’s attitude toward her situation is best described as

(A) Incredulous

(B) Apprehensive

(C) Contented

(D) Ambivalent

(E) Self-congratulatory

End Passage

Start Passage

Question 16-24 are based on the following passage

This passage is adapted from a book written by a physicist in 2004.

This Passage is Adapted from a Book Written by a Physicist in 2004
This passage is adapted from a book written by a physicist in 2004

Line No.

Passage

5

Although biological mechanisms do not work with the accuracy or stability of modern clocks, a sense of time and its rhythm is built into the functioning of the human body. Our heart, with its beating pulse, is the clocklike internal rhythm of which we are most aware. In his discovery of the

10

Law of the pendulum, which turned out to have the most profound effect on all later time-measuring devices, Galileo used -- if legend can be believed -- his own pulse beat as the test. There are, however, over biological timekeepers that play important roles in our lives. These inner clocks

15

Are generally very regular, but they can also be “rest” and will fall in step with a shifted rhythm. Even after we take a long flight across the Atlantic or Pacific, our lack of synchronization with The local time slowly disappears. The technical term, introduced in 1959, for the internal timer

20

That keeps track of this 24-hour periodicity and retains it even in the absence of external cues is the circadian system (from the Latin Circa for “about” or “approximately” and dies for “day”). Though known to biologists for over 200 years biological clocks have been the subject of intensive

25

Research during the last half century.

The first human physiological variables that scientists observed to be governed by a circadian Rhythm were pulse rate and body temperature. Even if a person rests in bed and fasts, his or her deep-body temperature will vary by

30

Almost one degree centigrade between its low in the early morning hours and a high late in the afternoon. More than 100 Additional physiological and psychological variables are also subject to diurnal periodicities. For example, the speed with which children can do computation varies by about

35

10 percent between its slowest value in the early morning to a high before noon, dropping to a nadir in the early afternoon, rising again to a peak at about 6 O’ clock and then falling off in the evening. This pattern was first measured in 1907 and replicated a half century later.

40

The extremely controversial question that arose Immediately was to what extent this human circadian rhythm was an autonomous mechanism rather than a simple response to external signals, such as changes in the level of light, the times of meals, or social interaction with

45

Our surroundings. It has not been Easy to find the answer, but careful laboratory experiments have led to the definite conclusion that our body contains an autonomous timekeeper. Individuals who volunteered to be kept in artificial isolation with no time cues of any kind also helped

50

Find the answer. In 1962 a French researcher spent two months in a cold cave, 375 feet underground in the Alps. The Frenchman called his aboveground supporters by telephone whenever be ate, went to sleep, and woke, and he recorded in detail his thoughts and impressions of the

55

Passage of time. He and all such explores found themselves subject to definite internal time signals. It turned out, however, that the measured period of their bodily variables (all of which were consistent with one another), as well as their subjective impression of the time of day

60

And their periods of sleep and waking, was slightly longer than 25 hours. By their time they emerged from their prolonged isolation, their internal timer was many hours out of phase with the external 24-hour clock.

Today, the autonomy of biological clocks is a well-

65

Established fact. Though running at a steady rate, our internal clock is “slow” by about an hour per day, but since it is continually automatically reset by cycles of light and dark, under normal circumstances the loss of time is not cumulative; our internal clock is entrained with the rhythm of the sun.

16. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) Describe a phenomenon and how it came to be understood

(B) Discuss a problem and several possible solutions

(C) Challenge a widely accepted point of view

(D) Present a new theory and some ways of testing it

(E) Explain the reasoning behind a discredited theory

17. In line 1, “work” most nearly means

(A) Operate

(B) Succeed

(C) Strive

(D) Produce

(E) Influence

18. The statement between the dashes in line 8 (“if . . . . Believed”) primarily serves to

(A) Present a hypothesis

(B) Explain an ascertain

(C) Qualify a statement

(D) Reaffirm a historical account

(E) Provide necessary evidence

19. The reference to a “long flight” (line 13) supports the idea that

(A) Humans adjust to the natural rhythms around them

(B) Humans should avoid unnecessary long-distance travel

(C) Airplane flights are fatiguing for most people

(D) Trans – Pacific fights take longer than Trans – Atlantic flights

(E) Not all people synchronize with the local time

20. The sentence in lines 34 – 35 (“This . . . . Later”) serves primarily to

(A) Acknowledge the existence of a paradox

(B) Support the validity of an observation

(C) Describe the details of a finding

(D) Challenge the results of an experiment

(E) Emphasize the need for further research

21. Which of the following best expresses the “Controversial question” referred to in line 36?

(A) Can the existence of human circadian rhythms be proved?

(B) How complex are human circadian rhythms?

(C) Has sufficient research been conducted on human circadian rhythms?

(D) Why do human circadian rhythms fluctuate so erratically?

(E) How independent of outside influences are human circadian rhythms/

22. The “French researcher” (line 46) probably chose the location he did primarily to

(A) Eliminate any effects of the sun

(B) Enhance his ability to sleep soundly

(C) Restrict his access to food and water

(D) Ensure disruption to his internal clocks

(E) Limit his communications with other humans

23. Based on the information in the passage as a whole, the “loss of time” would most likely be “cumulative” (lines 64-65) for a person who

(A) Had an extremely irregular pulse rate

(B) Slept just five hours a night on a regular basis

(C) Fasted long enough to cause a reduction in deep-body temperature

(D) Remained in a soundproof, lightproof isolation chamber for several weeks

(E) Flew from New York City to Tokyo, then after several weeks flew back to New York

24. The tone of the passage is best described as

(A) Argumentative

(B) Pessimistic

(C) Concerned and inquisitive

(D) Playful and irreverent

(E) Objective and instructive

End Passage

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