SAT Questions and Answers Model Paper 2 Important Questions Section G

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Time – 20 minutes

19 Questions

1. Marie Curie is … among female noble prize winners: she alone has been honored in two different fields.

(A) Unique

(B) Unsung

(C) Immune

(D) Resigned

(E) Helpless

2. John up dike՚s literary … was … : it included novels. Short stories, essays, poetry, criticism, children՚s books, and more.

(A) Output. . Diverse

(B) Technique. . limited

(C) Analysis. . Generic

(D) Achievement. . Minimal

(E) Judgment. . Commonplace

3. While most pets are relatively … in a veterinarian՚s office, occasionally vets have to treat more aggressive animal patients.

(A) Fastidious

(B) Defensive

(C) Surreptitious

(D) Docile

(E) Diminutive

4. Bio demographer S. Jay Olshansky regards commercial products that promise to stop aging as … , arguing that while these nostrums might possibly … some of aging՚s superficial manifestation, they cannot touch the process as its core.

(A) Humbuggery. . Elude

(B) Foreshadowing. . Thwart

(C) Quackery. . Forestall

(D) Sophistry. . Enhance

(E) Balderdash. . Mimic

5. Rosario … on the problem at length, but no amount of extended reflection could provide her with a satisfactory solution.

(A) Collaborated

(B) Extemporized

(C) Expounded

(D) Expostulated

(E) Ruminated

6. Because Russell was such a memorable and … public speaker, many people mistook his ability to talk about a wide range of topics for genuine.

(A) Enervating. . Inquisitiveness

(B) Charismatic. . Animosity

(C) Fluent. . Evasiveness

(D) Daunting. . Diffidence

(E) Adroit. . Erudition

Questions 7 - 19 are based on the following passage.

The passage is adapted from a 2009 book about traffic.

The Passage is Adapted from a 2009 Book About Traffic
Line no.Passage
5When driving began, it was like a juggernaut, and we have rarely had time to pause and reflect upon the new kind of life that was being made. When the first electric car debuted in mid-nineteen-century England, the speed limit was hastily set at four miles per hour: the speed at which a
10Man carrying a red flag could run ahead of a car entering a town, an event that was still a quite rare occurrence. It was probably also the last time the automobile existed at anything like human speed or scale.

At first, cars simply joined the chaotic traffic already in

15The street, where the only real of the road in most north American cities was “keep to the right” . In 1902 William Phelps Eno, who would become known as “the first traffic technician in the world,” set about untangling the strangling miasma that was New York City՚s streets. Eno
20proposed a series of “radical ordinances” to rein in New York՚s traffic a plan that seems hopelessly quaint now, with instruction such as the “right way to turn a corner.” But Eno, who became a global celebrity of sorts, boating off to Paris and Sao Paulo to solve local traffic problems, was as
25much a social engineer as a traffic engineer, teaching vast Number of people to act and communicate in new ways, often against their will.

In the beginning this language simply served to confuse. In one town, the blast of a policeman՚s whistle might mean

30stop, in another go. A red light indicted one thing here another thing there. The first stop signs were yellow, even though many people thought they should be red. As one traffic engineer summed up carly-twentieth-century traffic control, ″ There was a great wave of arrow lenses, purple
35lenses, lenses with crosses, etc. , all giving special instructions to the motorist, who, as a rule, hadn՚t the faintest idea of what these special indications meant. ″ The systems we take for granted today required years of evolution and were often steeped in controversy. Were red
40And green even the right colors for traffic lights? In 1923 it was pointed out that approximately one in ten people saw only gray when looking at a traffic signal, because of color blindness. Might not blue and yellow, which almost everyone could see, be better? Or would that create
45Catastrophic confusion among those who had already learned red and green? Despite all the uncertainty, traffic engineering soon hoisted itself onto a wobbly pedestal of authority, even if, as the transportation historian Jeffrey Brown argues, engineers neutral-sounding scientific
50Ideology, which compared “curing” congestion of fighting disease, reflected the desires of a narrow band of urban elites (i.e.. , car owners) . Thus it was quickly established that the prime objective of a street was simply to remove as many cars as quickly as possible: an idea that obscured, as
55It does to this day, the many other roles of city streets.

After more than a century of tinkering with traffic, plus years of tradition and scientific research one would think that all these issues would have been smoothed out. And they have been, largely. We drive in a landscape that looks

60virtually the same wherever we go: a red light in Morocco means the same thing as it does on Montana. We drive on highways that have been so perfectly engineered that we forget we are moving at high speeds. Indeed, we are sometimes barely aware of moving at all.
65For all this standardized sameness, though, there is much that is still simply not known about how to manage the flows of all those people in traffic … drivers, walkers, cyclists, and others … in the safest and most efficient manner. For example, in some cities a countdown signal
70Indicates, in seconds, exactly how much time you have before the “walk” signal will change to “don՚t walk.” Some people in the traffic world think this innovation has made things better for pedestrians, but it is just as easy to find other who think if offers no improvement at all. Some
75people think that marked bicycle lanes o streets are ideal for cyclists. While others prefer separated lanes; still others suggest that having no bicycle lanes at all would be best for bike riders.

Henry Barnes, the legendary traffic commissioner of

80New York City in the 1960s, reflecting on his long career in his charmingly titled memoir The man with the Red and Green Eyes, observed that “traffic was as much an emotional problem as it was a physical and mechanical one” people he concluded, were tougher to crack than cars.

7. The scenario in lines 3 - 7 ( “When … occurrence” ) is best characterized as

(A) A landmark traffic decision

(B) An entertaining historical fact

(C) An annoying aristocratic custom

(D) An exceptionally dangerous behavior

(E) A potentially useful lesson

8. Lines 10 - 12 ( “At … right” ) indicate that traffic flow in North American cities before the invention of the automobile was

(A) Well regarded

(B) Enjoyable

(C) Cautious

(D) Disorderly

(E) Violent

9. The reference to “keep to the right” (line 12) serves primarily to

(A) Commend the person who invented the rule

(B) Emphasize the universal important of rules

(C) Indicate a rule that should have been nullified

(D) Suggest that most subsequent rules have been arbitrary

(E) Underscore that lack of agreed-upon traffic rules

10. Which of the following is most analogous to the description of William Phelps Eco In lines 19 - 21 ( “But … problems” ) ?

(A) An international celebrity takes time to meet individually with several of her fans.

(B) A state recycling coordinator is asked by other states to run workshops on recycling

(C) A business executive visits companies in other nations to learn new sales strategies

(D) A successful government energy official decides to become a high school science teacher

(E) An inexperienced new driver volunteers to serve on his town՚s traffic advisory committee.

11. The reference to the two types of engineers in lines 21 - 22 ( “was … engineer” ) is used largely to support which of the following points?

(A) New York City՚s traffic problems were unique.

(B) Eno was a better teacher than he was an engineer.

(C) Engineering skills can be applied to many different fields.

(D) Changes in human behavior were needed as well as new traffic rules.

(E) People became confused by the abundance of new traffic regulations.

12. The discussion in lines 22 - 23 ( “Teaching … will” ) implies that automobile drivers in the early 1900s initially

(A) Challenged the legality of the new rules

(B) Objected to the rules favoring pedestrians

(C) Resented the limitations imposed by the new rules

(D) Struggled to understand the need for the single traffic rule

(E) Felt suspicious of Eco՚s celebrity status

13. The example in lines 25 - 33 ( “In one … meant ′ ” ) are u7sed to support the point that

(A) Standardization was needed

(B) Color choices were limited

(C) Words can be ambiguous

(D) Simplicity was impossible

(E) More police officers were required

14. The questions in lines 35 - 42 ( “Were red … green?” ) primarily serve to

(A) Provide exceptions to generalizations

(B) Highlight issues that required resolution

(C) Challenge commonly held assumptions

(D) Clarify the benefits of an important decision

(E) Propose a distinction between similar views

15. Lines 42 - 44 ( “Traffic … authority” ) suggest that traffic engineers were able to

(A) Make unimpeded progress

(B) Achieve immediate consensus

(C) Gain an appreciable amount of influence

(D) Consult a diverse array of motorists

(E) Seize power from wealthy urbanites

16. The reference to “Morocco” (line 56) and “Montana” (line 57) serve to emphasize the

(A) Variety of traffic issues worldwide

(B) Importance of the color red in traffic lights

(C) Necessity of adjusting speed limits on highways

(D) Uniformity of most modern traffic signals

(E) Complexity of constructing global highway systems

17. In lines 63 - 64, “walkers” and “cyclists” are mentioned as examples of people who

(A) Enjoy physical exercise in outdoor locations

(B) Move safely and efficiently on city streets

(C) Share busy streets with motorists

(D) Share busy streets with motorists

(E) Save gas by not using automobiles

18. Which generalization about the use of “marked bicycle lanes” (line 71) is most directly supported by the passage?

(A) Bicycles and automobiles should be kept apart.

(B) Cyclists are treated like second-class citizens.

(C) The lanes interfere with the flow of traffic.

(D) This idea has proved to be a model of innovation.

(E) There is currently little consensus about this topic.

19. The passage is best described as

(A) A consideration of challenges in regulating traffic

(B) A criticism of the professional qualifications of traffic engineers

(C) An account of the impact of the invention of the automobile

(D) An argument for giving priority to pedestrian traffic

(E) An explanation of a puzzling event in automotive history