SAT Questions and Answers Model Paper-4 Important Questions Section C

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Section - C

Time - 25 minutes

24 Questions

1. Heckling during a political rally is so … that it surprises no one; the same behavior, however, is … when it is exhibited at a scientific conference.

(A) Rare. . Shattering

(B) Commonplace. . Startling

(C) Revolting. . Unnerving

(D) Trivial. . Meaningless

(E) Comical. . Bearable

2. Steve was … by the intricacy of the ice crystals forming on his windowpane: he couldn՚t take his eyes off them.

(A) Edified

(B) Troubled

(C) Enervated

(D) Emboldened

(E) Captivated

3. The experiment did not yield the decisive … that the scientist had hoped for; instead, the findings were only of … significance.

(A) Outcome. . Nominal

(B) Results. . Influential

(C) Conclusion. . Distinct

(D) Sources. . Astronomical

(E) Risks. . Questionable

4. NASA engineer Gloria Yamauchi uses … approach to research, in that it draws, aerodynamics, mathematics, and other fields.

(A) A self-evident

(B) An interdisciplinary

(C) A simplistic

(D) An economical

(E) An impractical

5. Less confident employees tend to be … about asking for a pay increase, preferring to wait for their supervisors to raise the issue.

(A) Voluble

(B) Presumptuous

(C) Reticent

(D) Penitent

(E) Tenacious

Questions 6 - 9 are based on the following passages.

Passage 1

Questions 6 - 9 Are Based on the Following Passages
5Liars May betray themselves through linguistic mistakes, but the main sources of betrayal are the emotions. Emotion revels itself, sometimes in contradictory ways, in the voice, body, and face. Deceptions typically involve trying to conceal feelings that are inappropriate or trying
10To cover up the fear, guilt, and distress that may be provoked when one attempts to get away with a lie. When a person lies and has an emotional investment in the situation, a perfect performance is hard to carry off. Nonverbal clues to deception leak out. What is surprising is
That few people make use of these clues and thus liars go undetected.

Passage 2

Questions 6 - 9 Are Based on the Following Passages
15Human beings are terrible lie detectors. In studies, subjects asked to distinguish truth from lies answer correctly approximately half the time. People are often led astray by an erroneous sense of how a liar behaves.
10″ People hold a stereotype of the liar – as tormented, anxious, and conscience – stricken, ″ researches Bella DePaulo and Charles Bond write. Clumsy deceivers are sometimes visibly agitated, but in general there is no such things as ″ typical ″ deceptive behavior. As DePaulo says, ″ To
be a good liar, you don՚t need to know what behavior really separate liars from truthtellers but what behaviors people think separate them ″

6. Which best describes the relationship between the passages?

(A) Passage 1 discusses lying from a moral stance, whereas Passage 2 examines it from a legal viewpoint.

(B) Passage 1 views lying as a skill that is learned, whereas Passage 2 considers it an instinctive impulse.

(C) Passage 1 claims that lying is characterized by certain distinctive behaviors, whereas Passage 2 largely rejects that notion.

(D) Passage 1 takes a scientific approach to lying, whereas Passage 2 discusses it from an anecdotal perspective.

(E) Passage 1 focuses on the effects of lying, whereas Passage 2 examines its causes.

7. Lines 1 – 2, Passage 1 ( “Lairs may … Emption” ) , and lines 18 - 20, Passage 2 ( “Clumsy … behavior” ) , both contain instances of

(A) Simile

(B) Paradox

(C) Euphemism

(D) Qualification

(E) Understatement

8. The author of Passage 2 would most likely describe the claim about “fear, guilt, and distress” (line 6, Passage 1) as a

(A) Conventional but inaccurate perception

(B) Plausible theory that may prove to be correct

(C) Misconception of little significance

(D) Nonstandard view that is based on faulty science

(E) Widespread and well – substantiated belief

9. Lines 20 – 23 ( “As … Them” ) suggest that Bella DePaulo would most likely maintain that Passage 1

(A) Overlooks the behavior patterns of those who tell the truth

(B) Presents the very misconceptions that people often have about liars

(C) Offers a perceptive psychological analysis of liars՚ deceptive behaviors

(D) Takes an overly sympathetic view of deceptive behavior

(E) Overemphasizes the role of linguistic patterns in lying

Questions 10 – 15 are based on the following passages.

This passage, adapted from a 1983 biography, discusses Frida Kahlo (1907 – 1954) , a Mexican painter. Known for her distinctive artistic style, her flamboyant dress, and her tumultuous life, Kahlo endured numerous health problems and emotional upheavals, many of which are depicted in her paintings.

Questions 10 – 15 Are Based on the Following Passages
5It was not bohemian casualness that prompted Frida Kahlo to choose for her wedding dress the borrowed clothes of a Tehuana Indian woman. When she put on this costume, she was choosing a new identity, and she did it with all the fervor of a nun taking the veil. Even when she
10Was a girl, clothes were a kind of language for Kahlo, and the intricate links between dress and self – image, and between personal style and painting style, formed one of the subplots in the unfolding drama of her life.

For Kahlo the elements of her dress were a kind of

15Palette from which she selected each day the image of herself that she wished to present to the world. Wearing Tehuana costumes was part of Kahlo՚s self – creation as a legendary personality intimately connected to her native land. Yet while she was definitely playing a role, hers was
20An authentic artifice. She did not change her personality to fit the image she presented; rather, she invented a highly individualistic personal style to dramatize the personality that was already there.

Indeed, Kahlo՚s Tehuanna costume became so essential a

25part of her persona that several times she painted it devoid of its owner. The costume served as a stand – in for herself, a second skin never totally assimilated to the person hidden under it but so integral to her that even when it was taken off, it retained something of the wearer՚s being.
30Clearly Kahlo knew of the magic power of clothes to substitute for their owner; in her diary, she wrote that the Tehuana costume made “the absent portrait of only one person” – her absent self.

Always a form of social communication, as the years

35passed Kahlo՚s costumes became an antidote to isolation; even when she was very ill and received few visitors, she dressed every day as if she were preparing for a fiesta. As her self-portraits confirmed her existence, so did the costumes make the frail, often bedridden woman feel more
40Magnetic and visible, more emphatically present as a physical object in space. Paradoxically, they were both a mask and a frame. Since they defined the wearer՚s identity in terms of appearance, they distracted her – and the onlooker – from inner pain. The elaborate packaging was
45An attempt to compensate for her sense of fragmentation and dissolution. Ribbons, flowers, jewels, and sashes became more and more colorful and elaborate as her health declined late in life. In a sense, kahlo was like a Mexican Piñata: she was a fragile vessel decorated with
50frills and ruffles, and just as blindfolded children swing at the piñata with a broomstick, life dealt Kahlo blow after blow. While the piñata dances and sways, the knowledge that it is about to be destroyed makes its bright beauty all the more poignant. In the same way, Kahlo՚s decoration
Was touching: it was at once an affirmation of her love of life and a signal of her awareness – and defiance – of life՚s troubles.

10. The passage primarily serves to

(A) Refute a popular belief about modern painters

(B) Discuss the critical response to an important artist՚s work

(C) Evaluate the artistic techniques of a well – known painter

(D) Analyze a method of self – expression for a noted artist

(E) Provide a comprehensive biography of a famous painter

11. The first sentence of the passage primarily serves to

(A) Support a prevailing opinion

(B) describe a provocative theory

(C) Dispel a potential misconception

(D) Delineate an ongoing problem

(E) Offer a tentative solution

12. The reference to a run in line 5 primarily serves to suggest Kahlo՚s

(A) Pious humility

(B) Worldly renunciation

(C) Intellectual rigor

(D) Personal selflessness

(E) Enthusiastic devotion

13. In lines 15 – 16 ( “Yet … artifice” ) , the author indicates that playing a role can

(A) Be a complex, almost incomprehensible masquerade

(B) Be a form of sincere self-expression

(C) Dramatize the individual՚s history

(D) Conceal embarrassing secrets

(E) Alter the personality of the role player

14. The reference to “a mask and a frame” (lines 37 – 38) indicates that Kahlo՚s costumes

(A) Communicated Kahlo՚s inner feelings to others

(B) Mystified people studying Kahlo՚s work

(C) Could not be separated from Kahlo՚s actual paintings

(D) Incorporated everyday physical objects

(E) Served seemingly contradictory functions

15. The passage indicates that “Ribbons, flowers, jewels, and sashes” (line 42) became more elaborate to

(A) Contrast with Kahlo՚s artistic austerity

(B) Enhance the imagery in Kahlo՚s self – portraits

(C) Counterbalance Kahlo՚s increasing frailty

(D) Showcase Kahlo՚s success as an artist

(E) Express Kahlo՚s enthusiasm for adornments

Questions 16 - 24 are based on the following passages.

This passage, adapted from the autographical account of a journalist traveling through Africa to research chimpanzees.

Questions 16 - 24 Are Based on the Following Passages
5Our walk through the forest was like a journey through an extended underground cavern. We wound through obscure passages, out into small openings or great rooms, and then tunneled back into winding passageways. Toward the end of the afternoon, we followed what seemed to be a
10Large movement of chimpanzees into one great open room in the forest, relatively clear except for columns of nut trees. Soon about a dozen chimps were hammering away, using log hammers on log or root anvils.

We had entered a factory, but it was also a nursery. I

15turned to watch a mother playing with her infant, tickling his toes with playful little nibbles and then looking into his laughing face and eyes with the most amazing gaze of adoration. Elsewhere, three adult females had situated themselves in a tree and were kissing and tickling an infant,
20Who writhed with apparent pleasure. Suddenly, their faces, which had taken on remarkable glowing expressions of adoration, registered in my mind as entirely comprehensible. I was looking at intelligent faces experiencing an emotion I could only imagine to be love.
25Once commentator has said that the big difference between humans and chimps (intelligent though those apes may be) is that humans can invent great wonders of technology. ″ I considered the differences between men and animals, ″ this person wrote. ″ Some were vast. A
30chimpanzee could be taught to drive a car. It could even be taught to build parts of it. But it could not begin to design it … Our intellect is incomparably more sophisticated than [that of] any animal. ″ One hears this sort of argument often, and, to my mind, it is mere self – stroking puffery.
35Could you or I begin to design a car? Has any single human actually designed a car? Could any one person abandoned at birth on a desert island somewhere – without pictures, communication, education, or artifacts – even invent a tricycle or a child՚s kite or a mousetrap? Obviously not. Left
40at birth on a desert island, you and I and that commentator would be lifting and dropping chunks of wood or rounded stones onto hard nuts – and be glad we figured that one out.

The great accomplishment of Homo sapiens is not

45technology, which has become bigger and scarier than we are, a mixed blessing. The great accomplishment is language, which has enabled us to accumulate and coordinate our achievements, insights, and minicreations. Our big technologies are collective efforts, cultural
50products, all and always made possible by language. Even the supposed “milestones” of technological advancement – the use of movable type, to take one example – were collective events. Johannes Gutenberg ⚹ didn՚t think up movable type whole, in an isolated stroke of genius.
55His Partner was a goldsmith; his father was a mint employee, entirely familiar with soft metals. Printing presses were all around Europe by then. Gutenberg՚s great genius was to assemble, revise, and modify already long – established traditions in metallurgy, goldsmithing, and
60woodblock printing, not to mention papermaking and press design.

Our one great accomplishment is language, but our great hope is the internal compass that may enable us to guide ourselves and our technological powers into the future: our

glowing capacity for valuing own kind and for at least some empathy beyond our kind. The hand lifting and dropping the stone is less impressive than the eye that gazes with love.

⚹ Gutenberg՚s typesetting process made the mass production of text possible.

16. It can be inferred that the “chimps” mentioned in line 8 are

(A) Using simple tools to crack open nuts

(B) Expressing themselves by making a lot of noise

(C) Taking out their aggressions on the nut trees

(D) Working cooperatively on different tasks

(E) Mimicking the work habits of human beings

17. The author uses the word “factory” (line 10) primarily to suggest that

(A) Some chimpanzees live a highly regimented life

(B) The sound created by the chimpanzees՚ activity is loud enough to impair hearing

(C) The chimpanzees who want to participate work collectively

(D) Only those chimpanzees who want to participate in communal activities do so

(E) The activity of the male chimpanzees differs significantly from that of the females

18. In lines 30 – 31 ( “it … puffery” ) , the author characterizes the commentator՚s argument as

(A) Useless flattery

(B) exaggerated self – regard

(C) Witty repartee

(D) Self – conscious hyperbole

(E) Deliberate distortion

19. The questions in lines 31 – 36 serve primarily to

(A) Suggest ideas for further research

(B) Provide an example of missing data

(C) Point to an alternative explanation

(D) debate whether knowledge is incomplete

(E) Imply that an argument is flawed

20. In lines 40 – 42 ( “The great … blessing” ) , the author characterizes technology as

(A) The accomplishment that distinguishes Homo sapiens from chimpanzees

(B) A phenomenon that has come to overshadow those who developed it

(C) An inevitable step in the development of human beings and their societies

(D) An achievement that has grown impressively in importance over time.

(E) A force that is ultimately shaped by the fears of those who created it

21. According to the author, the “great accomplishment is language” (lines 42 – 43) because it allows human beings to

(A) Combine small, individual advances into something larger and more powerful

(B) Express their emotions and shows their feelings toward one another

(C) Work with each other so that dangerous conflicts can be avoided

(D) Express in concrete form notions that would otherwise seem vague and abstract

(E) Demonstrate that they are more intelligent, and thus more capable, than chimpanzees

22. The author uses the word ″ supposed ′ in line 47 primarily to

(A) Signal a claim that is counterintuitive for most people

(B) Make reference to a viewpoint that is known to be controversial

(C) Suggest that a certain concept may not be entirely accurate

(D) Indicate a complete and technically correct definition

(E) Bolster the claims of authorities who are often cited

23. Which best describes the relationship between the “internal compass” (line 59) and the characterization of chimpanzee behaviors in the second paragraph (lines 10 – 20) ?

(A) One shows a sophisticated understanding, while the other shows a less – developed capacity for understanding.

(B) One deals with nonverbal communication, while the other deals with communication through language.

(C) One is an example of a uniquely human ability, while the other is an example of an ability that chimpanzees may or may not have.

(D) Both represent the ability to have affection for and understanding of other beings.

(E) Both are examples of the ability of primates to use tools to improve their lives.

24. The “hand” (line 62) and the “eye” (line 63) represent, respectively, which of the following?

(A) Gesture and feeling

(B) War and peace

(C) Ingenuity and language

(D) Communication and meaning

(E) Technology and empathy