SAT Questions and Answers Model Paper-5 Important Questions Section E

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Section - E

Time - 25 minutes

23 Questions

1. According to his supervisor, Kenji was an inveterate … : he habitually put off doing his work until the last minute.

(A) Iconoclast

(B) Connoisseur

(C) Procrastinator

(D) Protégé

(E) Misanthrope

2. Although pre-Columbian jewelry often incorporated complex religious symbolism, its function was generally more … than …

(A) Decorative. . Devotional

(B) Ritualistic. . Utilitarian

(C) Theological. . Aesthetic

(D) Pragmatic. . Practical

(E) Cosmetic. . Conspicuous

3. Mayor Hardy remains … in her … , refusing to adopt an expedient silence on controversial issues of social impotence.

(A) Circumspect. . Fervor

(B) Neutral. . Ambition

(C) Vocal. . Equanimity

(D) Firm. . Outspokenness

(E) Confident. . Capriciousness

4. Unlike her predecessor՚s rambling prose, Susan Hubell՚s reports were both … and comprehensive.

(A) Interminable

(B) Complete

(C) Intractable

(D) Banal

(E) Succinct

5. The sentimentality of Tom՚s screenplay was so extreme that it bordered on …

(A) Rectitude

(B) Opulence

(C) Munificence

(D) Mawkishness

(E) Serendipity

Question 6 – 7 are based on the following passage.

Question 6 – 7 Are Based on the Following Passage
Line NoPassage
5For centuries oceanographers have snatched clues to ocean currents where they could. Early ideas about the speed and direction of currents often came from stray objects that floated and drifted for years – sealed bottles, rafts, the gloomy, waterlogged hulks of abandoned ships
10Called derelicts. These days a host of ingenious instruments delivers intriguing news of the origins and routes of water. Perhaps the single most useful instrument for physical Oceanographers is the CTD (conductivity-temperature-depth) recorder, which measures the salinity and
temperature of a particular mass of seawater at various depths. Identifying these properties is key to determining how, where, and when currents move.

6. As presented in the opening sentence, the task of the oceanographers is most similar to that of

(A) Lawyers presenting a case to a jury

(B) Explorers climbing a previously unscaled mountain

(C) Investigators trying to solve a mystery

(D) Doctors performing delicate surgery

(E) Researchers applying a new methodology

7. Lines 6 - 7 ( “These days … water” ) serve primarily to

(A) Cite an authority

(B) Suggest an option

(C) Defend a position

(D) Provide a transition

(E) Offer a qualification

Question 8 – 9 are based on the following passage.

Question 8 – 9 Are Based on the Following Passage
Line NoPassage
5Many professional musicians receive conservatory training in order to become well-grounded in formal theory and instrument technique; however, when we approach jazz we are entering quite a different sphere of training, Here it is more meaningful to speak of
10Apprenticeship, ordeals, initiation ceremonies, and rebirth. For after the jazz musician has learned the fundamentals of an instrument and the standard techniques of jazz, such as intonations and traditional styles, the musician must then find his or her soul. All this through achieving
that subtle identification between the instrument and the musician՚s deepest drives, which will allow for the expression of each artist՚s distinctive voice.

8. Which generalization about jazz training is most directly supported by the message?

(A) Its value is difficult to assess.

(B) Its focus on formal technique is excessive

(C) It is a demanding process

(D) It should precede conservatory training

(E) It has been the source of much controversy

9. Lines 10 - 13 ( “All … voice” ) primarily emphasize which point about jazz?

(A) Jazz is hard to define and varies greatly among performers

(B) Years of training are needed to hone a jazz musician՚s skills

(C) Listening to jazz has clinically therapeutic value

(D) Jazz performances are comparable to paintings and sculptures

(E) Playing jazz is a highly personal and creative activity

Question 10 – 15 are based on the following passage.

This passage is taken from the introduction to a 1987 sociological study of the use of nighttime hours.

Question 10 – 15 Are Based on the Following Passage
Line NoPassage
5We are good at inventing ways to enlarge our realm. Repeatedly we find methods of spreading farther. If an element is forbidding, we devise a means to master it. Reaching the continental shores, we developed ship-building and navigational skills in order to cross oceans.
10Shivering at arctic weather, we designed fur clothing and snug shelters in order to edge northward. And, having first occupied much of the usable space in the world, we are filling its usable time. Although being wakeful at night flouted our natural rhythms, we developed artificial
15lighting that let us be active after dark.

An era is now under way in which we are replacing our cyclic community with activities that never stop. There is widespread factory shift work. Airports, gasoline stations, hotels, restaurants, and broadcasters operate incessantly

20Data-processing departments of insurance companies and banks are astir all night. Meanwhile, isolated individuals bend over books and papers on desks in their homes, watch television after midnight, or walk in the streets and listen to the night breathe.
25This extension across all hours of the day resembles our spreading across the face of the Earth. Look at both trends from enough perspective in distance and time and they appear alike. Hover far above the planet and watch it as it spins throughout the eras. With the planet՚s surface in
30daylight, little human settlements can be seen to grow larger as the years go by and small extensions appear at their outskirts. Watch the surface when it is night and at first some pinpoints of light flicker for a while and then go out. After ages pass, those lights become stronger; they
35stay on longer, and other glimmerings appear nearby. Day and night, over thousands of years, reveal to us widening networks of human settlements and illumination being prolonged after dark. The surface is not uniformly occupied. The hours are not uniformly lit. But both are
40advancing in order.

Both forms of expansion are frontiers. A frontier is a new source of resources that people use for subsistence or for profit. It is also a safety valve for people who feel confined. They disperse in response to pressures at home and to appealing opportunities elsewhere.

45Now, venturing into the night, we have the same motives as our predecessors who migrated geographically. The day-time is too crowded. Its carrying capacity is being strained, and still it does not yield all that the community wants. The chance to exploit facilities that are left idle also
50arouses our initiative to use more of the night. Using the same space more of the time is a way to multiply its capacity. Some people dislike the commotion of the day and crave the serenity of night. Others look to it to better themselves economically. It is no accident that personal
motives for relief and opportunity are similar to the causes of expansion for the community as a whole. Those are the age-old forces behind all migrations.

10. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) Persuade readers to increase their use of nighttime hours

(B) Illustrate the vibrancy and beauty of nighttime activity

(C) Argue that constant human activity is harmful to individuals and groups

(D) Explore how the changing use of time is related to the history of human expansion

(E) Critique the way in which changing labor patterns have come to dominate human life

11. In line 10, “rhythms” most nearly means

(A) Accents

(B) Migrations

(C) Musical cadences

(D) Poetic meters

(E) Biological patterns

12. The examples the author cities in lines 13 – 17 ( “There is … night” ) illustrate a blurring of

(A) Space and time

(B) The uses of nighttime and of daytime

(C) Solitude and companionship

(D) Ambition and greed

(E) The purposes of work and of recreation

13. In context, the use of “Look,” “Hover,” and “Watch” (lines 22,24, and 28) is intended to

(A) Warn readers of the threat of unbounded migration

(B) Encourage readers to explore the night skies

(C) Invite readers to imagine human history visually

(D) Promote the use of nighttime hours for work or leisure activities

(E) Prepare readers to anticipate change and its consequences

14. In line 35, “both” most directly refers to

(A) Worker productivity and national wealth

(B) Scientific knowledge and individual well – being

(C) Competing work demands and available time

(D) New national borders and unforeseen alliances

(E) Inhabited space and usable time

15. Which of the following activities provides the best example of the “way to multiply” as discussed in the last paragraph?

(A) Conducting evening classes in public school buildings

(B) Increasing the number of night guards in a musem

(C) Adding more buildings to a factory complex

(D) Keeping municipal offices open during the lunch hour

(E) Enforcing curfew laws in residential neighborhoods

Question 16 – 23 are based on the following passage.

This passage, adapted from a 1995 book about whales, was written by a biologist.

Question 16 – 23 Are Based on the Following Passage
Line NoPassage
5Conducing scientific research on this most challenging of groups can be compared to viewing a whale through a keyhole. The bulk of the animal glides past from time to time while we try desperately to figure out what on earth it is. In spite of lots of sparks and smoke, we have so far
10Accomplished little more than a small enlargement of this keyhole. Someday – perhaps in the next hundred years – we may have a picture-window-sized keyhole and will finally see what the whole whale looks like. But even then the enigma of the whale will stand, uudecoded, before us.
15I have been studying whales continuously since 1967. One of the delights of that experience has been discovering that there is no way to get a whale to adopt a human timescale. This is no more possible than it would be for a human to adopt a weasel՚s speed of living. Whales are
20Unhurriable. it՚s one of their most endearing traits. Nowhere is this more engagingly seen than in trying to figure out what a whale is doing when what you are watching is, for example, play, but you have not yet figured that out. The difficulty comes from the fact that
25one of the major clues to the function of a behavior pattern is the rhythm of its occurrence. Because we commonly associate play with quick motions, the key to being able to recognize play in whales is learning to think differently – in terms of ling, slow rhythms, where things
30occur very lingeringly (it would be a comparable problem to learn to recognize play in snails, or sloths, or tortoises) . To understand whales one must be deeply patient, must slow way down and be content to observe passively for a long time. Only at the end of a day may one day to oneself,
35“Now let me see; what did I see? Well, I saw the whale do this … and then it did this … and then this … and then … For heaven՚s sake, it was play I was looking at.” In order to observe whales, you must be willing to set your metronome on adagio1. Then, to understand what you
40have seen, you must fast – forward through your observations by setting your metronome on allegro2.

During the first ten years of my career in biology, I was an experimentalist. I worked in neurophysiology and behavior and did experiments on how bats determine the

45Direction from which sound is coming, how owls locate their prey in total darkness by hearing it, and how moths determine the direction from which a bat is approaching (so they can make evasive maneuvers to avoid it) . When I started studying whales – a group of species upon which
50It is all but impossible to experiment – I worried whether I would find the work stimulating enough or whether it would seem boring simply observing, without ever being able to manipulate anything or do an experiment. I had enjoyed experimental work – at that time of my life I
55Liked manipulating things – yet I had very little idea of how to make good, passive field observations. But I soon appreciated the greater rewards of finding things out through passive observations. I soon realized that the constraints posed by passive observation can be more
60Challenging than those posed by experimental work. It is rather like the constraints of the sonnet form, which make composing poetry exquisitely challenging. Passive observation requires a subtler way of thinking, and the result can be sonnets rather than ballads.

At a slow tempo

At a brisk lively tempo

16. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) Report the recent findings of a scientist who does whale research

(B) Describe one scientist՚s experience of working with whales

(C) Discuss the ways in which whales are similar to other mammals

(D) Highlight the dangers involved when conducting whale research

(E) Reveal how a biologist became interested in whale research

17. In line 5, the phrase “sparks and smoke” primarily serves to suggest

(A) That unsuccessful endeavors are rare

(B) That a direct approach is futile

(C) That science can seem magical

(D) How vigorous the efforts have been

(E) How dangerous the work can be

18. The comment in lines 14 – 15 ( “This … living” ) emphasizes that weasels differ significantly from humans in their

(A) Size

(B) Intelligence

(C) Eating habits

(D) Body shape

(E) Pace of activity

19. In lines 17 – 33 ( “Nowhere is … looking at ′ ” ) , the author treats play as

(A) Behavior found in many species but in forms that defy comparison between species

(B) A characteristically human behavior that is surprising to find in animals like whales

(C) Apparently purposeless behavior that may nevertheless serve an important function

(D) A type of behavior that in certain species may not initially be seen for what it is

(E) An important behavioral clue to the intelligence and social organization of a species

20. In lines 29 – 33 ( “Only … looking at ′ ” ) , the author makes a point by

(A) Inviting an authoritative second opinion

(B) Suggesting a likely train of thought

(C) Displaying an erroneous pattern of reasoning

(D) Using humor to undermine an alternative view

(E) Presenting part of an actual conversation

21. The last paragraph (lines 38 – 60) describes all of the following EXCEPT

(A) The author՚s motivation for choosing whales as a subject for research

(B) The author՚s concern about having the ability to conduct a different type of research

(C) The satisfaction the author found in the methods of whale research

(D) The change in methodology that working with whales required of the author

(E) The research the author did before turning to the study of whales

22. The reference to “the sonnet form” (line 57) primarily serves to

(A) Illustrate how conciseness can enhance communication

(B) Show the advantages and disadvantages of a type of scientific observation

(C) Emphasize the need to discard outmoded constraints

(D) Suggest a contrast between rigor in science and rigor in the arts

(E) Convey a sense of appreciation for an apparent limitation

23. The author՚s writing style is best characterized as displaying

(A) A tendency to personify animals and inanimate objects

(B) A facility for explaining technical language in everyday terms

(C) A preference for philosophical reflections over scientific accuracy

(D) An effective use of rhetorical questioning

(E) An inclination to use metaphor and analogy in explanations