SAT Practice Test Paper 1 Section D Questions and Answers Part 2

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13. Jane Good all was at first a (n) ________ in her field, but since then she has received many accolades for her work.

(A) Acolyte

(B) Maverick

(C) Luminary

(D) Charlatan

(E) Miser

14. Alston was impressed by the philosopher՚s lecture, but Mario thought the lecture was better characterized as ________ than as erudite.

(A) Translucent

(B) Recondite

(C) Impeccable

(D) Specious

(E) Fictitious

15. The senior official ________ at the insinuation that his country՚s international trade policies were directly ________ the region՚s economic woes.

(A) Balked. . Responsible

(B) Wrinkled. . At fault for

(C) Staggered. . Inhibiting

(D) Blundered. . Implicated in

(E) Riled. . Accountable to

The following passage was written by John Janovec, an ecologist who has worked in the Los Amigos watershed in Peru.

The Following Passage Was Written by John Janovec, an Ecologist Who Has Worked in the Los Amigos Watershed in Peru
Line No.Passage
5The Amazonian wilderness harbors the greatest number of species on this planet and is an irreplaceable resource for present and future generations. Amazonia is crucial for maintaining global
10Climate and genetic resources, and its forest and rivers provide vital sources of food, building materials, pharmaceuticals, and water needed by wildlife and humanity.
15The Los Amigos watershed in the state of Madre de Dios, southeastern Peru, is representative of the pristine lowland moist forest once found throughout most of upper Amazonian
20South American. Threats to tropical forests occur in the form of fishing, hunting, gold mining, timber extraction, impending road construction, and slash-and-burn agriculture. The Los Amigos
25Watershed, consisting of 1.6 million hectares (3.95 million acres) , still offers the increasingly scarce opportunity to study rainforest as it was before the disruptive encroachment of modern
30Human civilization. Because of its relatively pristine condition and the immediate need to justify it as a conservation Zone, this area deserves intensive, long-term projects aimed at
35Botanical training, ecotourism, biological inventory, and information synthesis.

On July 24,2001, the government of Peru and the Amazon Conservation Association signed a contractual

40Agreement creating the first long-term permanently renewable conservation concession. To our knowledge this is the first such agreement to be implemented in the world. The conversation concession
45Protects 340,000 acres of old-growth Amazonian forest in the Los Amigos watershed, which is located in southeast-tern Peru. This watershed protects the eastern flank of Manu National Park
50And is part of the lowland forest corridor that links it to Bahuaja-Sonene National Park. The Los Amigos conservation concession will serve as a mechanism for the development of a Regional center of
55Excellence in natural forest management and biodiversity science.

Several major projects are being implemented at the Los Amigos conservation Area. Louise Emmons is initiating

60Studies of mammal diversity and ecology in the Los Amigos area. Other projects involve studies of the diversity of arthropods, amphibians, reptiles, and birds. Robin Foster has conducted
65Botanical studies at Los Amigos, resulting in the labeling of hundreds of plant species along two kilometers of trail in upland and lowland forest. Michael Goulding is leading a fisheries and
70Aquatic ecology program, which aims to document the diversity of fish, their ecologies, and their habitants in the Los Amigos area and the Madre de Dios watershed in general.
75With support from the Amazon conservation Association, and in collaboration with U. S. and Peruvian colleagues, the Botany of the Los Amigos project has been initiated. At Los Amigos,
80We are attempting to develop a system of preservation, sustainability, and scientific research; a marriage between various disciplines, from human ecology to economic botany, product marketing
85To forest management. The complexity of the ecosystem will best be understood through a multidisciplinary approach, and improved understanding of the complexity will lead to better
90Management. The future of these forests will depend on sustainable management and development of alternative practices and products that do not require irreversible destruction.
95The botanical project will provide a foundation of information that is essential to other programs at Los Amigos. By combining botanical studies with fisheries and mammalogy, we will
100Better understand plant/animal interactions. By providing names, the botanical program will facilitate accurate communication about plants and the animals that use them. Included in this Scenario
105Are humans, as we will dedicate time to people-plant interactions in order to learn what plants are used by people in the Los Amigos area, and what plants could potentially be used by people.
110To be informed, we must develop knowledge. To develop knowledge, we must collect, organize, and disseminate information. In this sense, botanical information has conservation value.
115Before we can use plant-based products from the forest, we must know what species are useful and we must know their names. We must be able to identify them, to know where they occur in the
120Forest, how many of them exist, how they are pollinated and when they produce fruit (or other useful products) . Aside from understanding the species as they occur locally at Los Amigos, we must
125Have information about their overall distribution in tropical America in order to better understand and manage the distribution, variation, and viability of their genetic diversity. This involves a
More complete understanding of the species through studies in the field and herbarium.

16. In line 6, “genetic resources” refers to

(A) Plant seeds.

(B) Different races of people.

(C) Natural resources, such as oil.

(D) Diverse species of plants and animals.

(E) Cells that can be used in genetic cures for diseases.

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