General Studies: Important for Exam: Medieval Indian History MCQ Part 14

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Give below (Q 131 – Q 140) are two statements in each question, one labelled Assertion (A) and the other statements carefully and decide if the Assertion (A) and the Reason (R) are individually true and if so, whether the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion.

Select your answer from the codes given below:

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

131. Assertion (A):

The Turks vanquished the Rajput rulers of northern India during the late 12th and early 13th centuries and established their rule.

Reason (R):

North Indian society at this time was divided into various castes and the Rajput constituted the ruling class.

132. Assertion (A):

In medieval India, Sufism and Bhakti represented the mystical sides of Islam and Hinduism, respectively.

Reason (R):

Desire to establish direct communion with God becomes strong among the ordinary followers of a religion if it becomes too ritualistic and priest- dominated.

133. Assertion (A):

By the 15th and 16th centuries, the interaction between Hindus and Muslims gave rise to composite culture and religious synthesis.

Reason (R):

It was not possible for the followers of the two religions to coexist in complete isolation from each other.

134. Assertion (A):

Aurangzeb banished all forms of music from his court.

Reason (R):

He was an orthodox Sunni Muslim in his personal religious outlook.

135. Assertion (A):

15th and 16th centuries in India witnessed the growth of regional languages and literatures.

Reason (R):

15th and 16th centuries were a period of regional kingdoms which fought against each other.

136. Assertion (A):

The European trading companies expanded their trading activities in India during the 16th and 17th centuries.

Reason (R):

India provided a large market for European manufactured goods.

137. Assertion (A):

Man, sab and Jagger systems became an integral part of the Mughal Central government

Reason (R):

The Mughal emperors from Akbar onwards were inflamed by Iranian ideals of kingship and evolved as highly centralized and bureaucratic administrative structure.

138. Assertion (A):

Despite orthodox Islamic disapproval of the art of painting, Akbar patronized large number of painters and showed keen interest in their works.

Reason (R):

Akbar justified the art of painting by arguing that “……………a painter had quite peculiar meas of recognizing God, for a painter in sketching anything that has life, and in devising its limbs, one after the other must come to feel that he cannot bestow individuality on his work, and is thus forced to think of God, the giver of life……..

139. Assertion (A):

Medieval Indian economy during the 17th and 18 the centuries failed to give rise to modem industrial capitalism.

Reason (R):

Indian society and economy during this period was marked by stagnation and changelessness.

140. Assertion (A):

One of the initial measures introduced by Aurangzeb was to re – impose Janiya on – non – Muslim.

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