Telecommunication, Indian Railways, Rail Tracks, Railway Zones and Manufacturing Units

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Telecommunication

Telecommunication
Telecommunication

First Telephone line was started between Kolkata And Diamond Harbour

1851

First Telephone service was started at Kolkata

1881

First Telephone exchange was opened at Kolkata With 50 lines

1881

First International Telephone line was started between Mumbai and London

1870

First Automatic Telephone exchange in Shimla Was opened at

1913

Post and Telecommunication started

1984

Total Post Offices (2000)

1, 55,000 Quick Mail Service was started in 1975

Speed Post was started in

1986

E-Post was started in

2002

Indian Railways

The Indian Railways system is the largest in Asia and third in the world after U.S., and Canada, it is the biggest employer in the world and largest public sector undertaking in India and it has the second biggest electrified system in the world after Russia. On April 16, 1853 first train in India was opened between Bombay and Thana covering a distance of 34 km. Shatabdi Express is the latest super-fast train introduced in the Indian Railways. Deccan Queen is the first Electric train introduced in 1929. Life Line Express or Jeevan Rekha is the world’s first hospital on wheels opened in Mumbai on 16th July 1991 to cater the medical needs of people in rural areas. For every financial year Railway Budget is presented by the Union Railway Minister in the Parliament.

Rail Tracks

Rail Tracks
Rail Tracks

Type

Distance between rails

Metre Gauge

1.00 metre

Broad Gauge

1.69 metre

Narrow Gauge

0.77 metres

Railway Zones

There are nine zones in Indian Railways:

Railway Zones
Railway Zones

Zones

Opened on

Headquarters

Central Railway

Nov. 05, 1958

Mumbai

Eastern Railway

Aug. 01, 1955

Kolkata

Northern Railway

April 14, 1952

New Delhi

North-Eastern Railway

April 14, 1952

Gorakpur

North-East Frontier

Jan. 15, 1958

Maligaon, Guwahati

Southern Railway

April 14, 1951

Chennai

South-Central

Oct. 02, 1966

Secunderabad

South-Eastern

Aug. 01, 1955

Kolkata

Western Railway

Nov. 05, 1955

Mumbai (Church Gate)

The following seven additional zonal offices were created out of existing zones.

Railway New Zones
Railway New Zones

New Zones

Opened on

Headquarters

East-Coast Railway

Aug. 08, 1996

Bhubaneshwar

North-Central Railway

Aug. 28, 1996

Allahabad

East-Central Railway

Sep. 08, 1996

Hajipur

North-Western Railway

Oct. 10, 1996

Jaipur

South-Western Railway

Nov. 01, 1996

Bangalore

West-Central Railway

Dec. 12, 1996

Jabalpur

South-East Central Rly.

Sep. 09, 1998

Bilaspur

Railway Manufacturing Units

Railway Manufacturing Units
Railway Manufacturing Units

Est in Name

Location

Items manufactured

1950 Chittaranjan

Chittaranjan

Locomotives Locomotive Works

1955 Integral Coach

Perambur

Coaches Factory

1964 Diesel Locomotive

Varanasi

Locomotives Works

1983 Wheel & Axle

Yelahanka

Wheels & axes

Plant Diesel

Patiala

Components of diesel Component Works engines

1988 Rail Coach Factory

Kapurthala

Coaches, wagons & spl. containers

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