Pet Infections: Pathogens and Symptoms Part 2

Get top class preparation for IAS right from your home: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 119K)

Pet Infections, Pathogens and Symptoms
Pet Infections, pathogens and symptoms



Animals involved

Mode of transmission



Burkholderia mallei.

horses, donkeys

direct contact

Fever with chills and sweating, Muscle aches, Chest pain, Muscle tightness, Headache, Nasal discharge, Light sensitivity (sometimes with excessive tearing of the eyes)


Hantavirus spp.

deer mice, cotton rats and other rodents

exposure to feces, urine or bodily fluids

A fever and chills, Muscle aches and headache, Fatigue, Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and belly pain.

Within a few days, you'll start to have more serious symptoms, Shortness of breath, Coughing, A fast heartbeat and fast breathing. These are signs of fluid buildup in the lungs pulmonary edema.


Histoplasma capsulatum

birds, bats

inhaling fungi in guano

Chest pain, Chills, Cough, Fever, Joint pain and stiffness, Muscle aches and stiffness, Rash Shortness of breath


Influenza A virus

horses, pigs, domestic and wild birds, wild aquatic mammals such as seals and whales, minks and farmed carnivores

droplets transmitted through air

Fever over 100.4 F (38 C), Aching muscles, especially in your back, arms and legs, Chills and sweats, Headache, Dry, persistent cough Fatigue and weakness, Nasal congestion Sore throat

Japanese encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis virus

pigs, water birds

mosquito bite

Less than 1% of people infected with JE virus develop clinical illness, In persons who develop symptoms, the incubation period is typically 5-15 days, Initial symptoms often include fever, headache, and vomiting, Mental status changes, neurologic symptoms, weakness, and movement disorders might develop over the next few days, Seizures are common, especially among children.


Mycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium lepromatosis

armadillos, monkeys, rabbits, mice

direct contact, including meat consumption. However, scientists believe most infections are spread human to human.

muscle weakness numbness in the hands, arms, feet, and legs skin lesions


Leptospira interrogans

rats, mice, pigs, horses, goats, sheep, cattle, buffaloes, raccoons, dogs

direct or indirect contact with urine of infected animals

high temperature that is usually between 38C and 40C, chills sudden headaches nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, muscle pain, particularly affecting the muscles in the calves and lower back conjunctivitis cough a short-lived rash

Lyme disease

Borrelia burgdorferi

deer, wolves, dogs, birds, rodents, rabbits, hares, reptiles

tick bite

Erythema migrans, join pain, Neurological problems, Heart problems, Eye Infection, Liver inflammation, severe fatigue.


Orf virus

goats, sheep

close contact

In humans, first sign of orf is a small, red, itchy or painful lump that usually appears on the fingers, hands, forearms or face after an incubation period of three to five days. The lesion will usually be firm, red or blue in colour and 2-5cm in diameter.

As the condition progresses over a three- to six-week period, a pustule or blister that weeps fluid will develop on top and eventually crust over. Other possible symptoms include a mild fever, general tiredness and enlarged lymph glands.


Chlamydophila psittaci

macaws, cockatiels, budgerigars, pigeons, sparrows, ducks, hens, gulls and many other bird species

contact with bird droplets

fever and chills.

nausea and vomiting, muscle and joint pain, diarrhea, weakness.

fatigue, cough

Q fever

Coxiella burnetii

livestock and other domestic animals such as dogs and cats

inhalation of spores, contact with bodily fluid or faeces

high fever, chills or sweats, cough, chest pain while breathing, headache, clay-colored stools, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, jaundice, muscle pain, shortness of breath


Rabies virus

commonly – dogs, bats, monkeys, raccoons, foxes, skunks, cattle, goats, sheep, wolves, coyotes, groundhogs, horses, opossums, mongooses and cats

through saliva by biting, or through scratches from an infected animal

Swelling of the brain and the spinal cord, Frequent headache, Feeling of Nausea, Severe stomach pain, Develop muscle cramps, It causes drowsiness, Causes Insomnia, Develop severe fever, Feeling of Anxiety, Develop a state of confusion, Causes hallucination, excess secretion of saliva, Develop problem during swallowing, Develop fear from water

Rat-bite fever

Streptobacillus moniliformis, Spirillum minus


bites of rats but also urine and mucus secretions

Fever and chills, Headache, Skin rash, Muscle pain

Arthritis, Vomiting and diarrhea, Complications

Rift Valley fever


livestock, buffaloes, camels

mosquito bite, contact with bodily fluids, blood, tissues, breathing around butchered animals and/or raw milk

only a mild illness with fever, headache, muscle pains, and liver abnormalities

Developed by: