Andhra Pradesh PSC: Crops Wheat geography notes on production and distribution of wheat in India

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  • Originated in Asia Minor and Middle East Temperate and Subtropical crop

  • Grown mechanically on extensive farms

  • Temperature (July isotherm of marks the northern limit of wheat cultivation in the northern hemisphere)

  • Where wheat could not be grown in winter (because of extreme cold), It is grown in spring.

  • Best wheat comes form Chernozem soils (Ukranian Black Earth), brown prairies and grey brown podzolic soils of the deciduous forest regions.

  • The Polder Lands (reclaimed from sea) Belgium and the Netherlands with their fertile marine clay or riverine silt gives high wheat yields.

  • An open, rolling topography with adequate drainage is needed

  • Terraced wheat farming is unusual, except in Japan and China

  • Spring wheat is grown in colder north of the Canadian Prairies and in parts of the Continental steppes and Siberia. Elsewhere, winter wheat is grown.

  • Hard Red Spring Wheat: Colder and drier Russia, Canada and USA.

  • Hard Red Winter Wheat Southern CIS, Danube Basin of C. Europe, wheat crescent of Argentina and central USA

  • Soft Red Winter Wheat Western Europe and the eastern states of USA.

  • Soft White Wheat Western USA, Australia, S.Africa, Chile, Europe and most of Asia.

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