Indus Valley Civilization, Territorial States, North-West India, Deccan

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Territorial States

Kingdoms and Capitals

Table of Show the Kingdoms and Capitals
Table of Show the Kingdoms and Capitals

Kingdom

Capital

Kapilavastu

Piprahwa

Lichchhavi is

Vaishali

Mahajanapadas

Anga

Champa

Kashi

Varanasi

Koshala

Shravasti

Mallas

Kushinara

Vatsa/Vamsa

Kaushambi

Avanti

Ujjain (North)/ Mahishamati (South)

Magadha

Rajgir (Girivraja)

Chedi/Cheti

Kuru

Panchala

Matsya

Surasena

Mathura

Ashmaka

Gandhara

Kamboja

Vriji/Vajji

Mithila

Satvanahanas

Paithan

Pandya

Madurai

Chola

Puhar (kaveripattanam)

Chalyukyas

Badami (Bijapur)

Pallavas

Kanchi

Kadambas

Vijayanti

Gangas

Kolar

First Magadha Empire

Table of the First Magadha Empire
Table of the First Magadha Empire

Dynasty

Ruler

Remark

Haryanka

Bimbisara

Contemporary of Buddha

Ajatsatru

Udayin

Built fort on the confluence of Ganga and Son at Patna

Shishunagas

-

Destroyed the power of Avanti

Nandas (most powerful rulers of Magadha)

Mahapadma Nanda

Table of Details of Mauryas (Patliputra)
Table of details of Mauryas (Patliputra)

Mauryas (Patliputra)

Mauryas had a very elaborate bureaucracy

Chandragupta Maurya

Megasthenes visited during his time

Bindusara

Links with Greek princes

Ashoka

Buddhism

Shunga

Pushyamitra Shunga

Destroyed the Maurya empire. Killed Maurya king Brihadratha

  • Balisadhaka – tax collectors during the times of Nandas

  • Shaulkiki or shulkadhyakshas were also toll collectors

  • Shakyas and Lichchhavis were republics

Literature

Table of Show of Book,Author an Remark
Table of show of Book,Author an Remark

Book

Author/Language

Remark

Digha Nikaya

Pali

Buddhist text

North-West India

Menander (Milinda) was the most famous Indo-Greek ruler.

  • His capital at Sakala (Sialkot)

  • Converted to Buddhism by Nagasena (Nagarjuna)

Shakas

  • Succeeded the Greeks in North West

  • Rudradaman I : most famous ruler

    • He issued first ever long inscription in chaste Sanskrit

Parthians

  • Followed Shakas

  • Famous king: Gondophernes

    • St. Thomas came during his reign

Kushans

  • Aka Yuezhi or Tocharians

  • Kadphises was the first king

  • Kanishka is the most famous ruler

    • Started the Shaka era in 78 AD

    • Held the Buddhist council in Kashmir where the doctrines of Mahayana form were finalized

    • Patronized Ashvaghosa

  • Kushans inscriptions and coins found at Toprak Kala in Khorezm

  • Kushans were the first rulers to issue gold coins on a large scale

  • Introduced the Satrap system of government

  • They controlled the Silk Route

  • Worshipped both Shiva and Buddha. Some worshipped Vishnu too.

  • Kanishka built a large number of Stupas

Greek ambassador Heliodors set up a pillar in honour of Vasudeva near Vidisa.

Appointed governors called strategist

Deccan

Satvanahanas

  • Succeeded Mauryas in Deccan

  • Brahmana rulers

  • Gautamiputra Satkarni (AD 106-130)

  • Vashishthiputra Pulimayi: Capital at Paithan

  • Started the practice of granting tax-free villages to Brahmanas and Buddhist Monks

  • Yajna Sri Satakarni

  • Chaityas (Buddhist temples) and Viharas (monastaries) were constructed during their times

    • Most famous Chaitya at Karle in Deccan

  • Show trace of matrilineal social structure

  • Administration

    • Ahara – district

    • Officials – amatyas or mahamatras

    • Gaulmika – head of a small military regiment and look after administration in rural areas

    • Three grades of feudatories: raja, mahabhoja, senapati

    • Language: Prakrit

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