NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5: What Books and Burials Tell Us YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Watch Video Lecture on YouTube: NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5: What Books and Burials Tell Us

NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5: What Books and Burials Tell Us

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Vedas

  • Rigveda- oldest, 1000 hymns (suktas – “well said”) by rishis, 3 Gods – in “old or Vedic Sanskrit” - dialogues

  • Agni: God of fire

  • Indra: Warrior god

  • Soma: Plant from which a drink is made

  • Samaveda – musical notes and chanting

  • Yajurveda – rituals and sacrifices

  • Atharvaveda – spells and charms

Divisions or Parts of Vedas

Image of Divisions or Parts of Vedas for History

Image of Divisions or Parts of Vedas for History

People

  • Brahmins: Priests

  • Rajas: Performed rituals – no capital cities, palaces, armies, no tax collection, sons not succeed father

  • Jan/Vish (Vaishya) - Puru jana, Bharata jana, Yadu jana

  • Aryas: composed hymns

  • Dasas or Dasyus: Opponents, slaves captured in war

Stone Buildings

  • Megaliths – big stones to mark burial sites – Deccan, NE and Kashmir – were surface or underground – known as cist

  • Buried in pots – black & red ware – tools, weapons, ornaments

Inamgoan

  • On river Ghod, tributary of Bhima

  • Adult buried in ground with head in north

  • With vessels of food and water

  • Man buried in clay jar in courtyard of house – in cross legged position

  • China – writings on animal bones (oracle bones), king in palaces and bronze vessels

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