Perception: Introduction, Perceptual Process, Receiving, Selecting, Organizing and Interpreting

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Introduction

  • Perception is an intellectual process of transforming sensory stimuli to meaningful information.

  • It is the process of interpreting something that we see or hear in our mind and use it later to judge and give a verdict on a situation, person, group etc.

Introduction of Perception

Introduction of Perception

It Can be Divided into Six Types

  • Of sound − The ability to receive sound

  • Of speech − interpreting and understanding the sounds of language we heard.

  • Touch − Identifying surface by touching it.

  • Taste − by tasting it through sensory organs known as taste buds.

  • Other senses − perception through body, pain, time, sensation felt in throat and lungs etc.

  • Of the social world − It permits people to understand other individuals and groups of their social world.

divided into six types

Divided into Six Types

Reallly Confusing

Reallly Confusing

Perceptual Process

  • Perceptual process are the different stages of perception we go through.

  • The different stages are −

  • Receiving

  • Selecting

  • Organizing

  • Interpreting

Receiving

  • Receiving is the first and most important stage in the process of perception.

  • It is the initial stage in which a person collects all information and receives the information through the sense organs.

Selecting

  • Selecting is the second stage in the process.

  • Here a person doesn’t receive the data randomly but selectively.

  • A person selects some information out of all in accordance with his interest or needs.

  • The selection of data is dominated by various external and internal factors.

Organizing

  • Keeping things in order or say in a synchronized way is organizing.

  • In order to make sense of the data received, it is important to organize them.

  • We can organize the data by Grouping them on the basis of their similarity, proximity, closure, continuity.

Interpreting

  • Finally, we have the process of interpreting which means forming an idea about a particular object depending upon the need or interest.

  • Interpretation means that the information we have sensed and organized, is finally given a meaning by turning it into something that can be categorized.

  • It includes stereotyping, halo effect etc.

MCQ’S

Which of the following is the first stage in perpetual process?

  1. Selecting

  2. Receiving

  3. Organizing

  4. Interpreting

Correct answer: B. receiving

Explanation: Receiving is the initial stage in which a person collects all information and receives the information through the sense organs.

2. Which of the following is the final stage in perpetual process?

  1. Selecting

  2. Receiving

  3. Organizing

  4. Interpreting

Correct answer: D. Interpreting

Explanation: Interpreting is the process that the information we had sensed and organized, is finally given a meaning by turning it into something that can be categorized.

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