Epistemological Concepts of Lokasamgraha and Nishkama-Karma and Western Concept

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  • Lokasamgraha means universal welfare, universal well-being.

  • Loka means People.

  • Samgraha means Welfare.

  • Mentioned in the sacred text, Bhagavad Gita.

  • Lord Krishna taught Arjuna concept of Lokasamgraha.

Epistemological Concepts

Epistemological Concepts

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Some famous Excerpts from Bhagavad Gita on the concept of Lokasamgraha are.

  • Yogah Karmasu Kausalam.

  • Vanijyam Vaisya Karma Svabhavajam

  • Lokasamgraha evapi, sampanyan kartum arhasi

  • Cikirsur Lokasamgraha

Similarity with Western Concept

Disinterested or self-less concern

Disinterested or Self-Less Concern

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  • Nishkamkarma means self-less or desire-less action.

  • It is the central tenant of Karma Yoga as mentioned in the Bhagavad Gita.

  • It is the path of liberation.

  • Actions that deal with self-less-ness or desire-less-ness are also called Pure Actions.

  • Nishkamkarma means an action that is performed without any desire, benefit or want for the fruit or the end result.

  • Mindfulness or even-ness of mind is the central idea of Nishkamkarma.

central tenant of Karma Yoga

Central Tenant of Karma Yoga

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Some famous Excerpts from Bhagavad Gita on the concept of Nishkama-karma are.

  • Verse 47, To action alone has thou a right and never at all to its fruits; let not the fruits of action by thy motive; neither let there be in thee any attachment to inaction.

  • Verse 2.48, Fixed in Yoga, do thy work, O winner of wealth (Arjuna), abandoning the attachment, with an even mind in success and failure, for evenness of mind is called Yoga.

  • Verse 5.11, With the body, with the mind, with the intellect, even merely with the senses, the Yogis perform action towards self-purification. Having abandoned the attachment. He who is disciplined in Yoga, having abandoned the fruit of action, attains calmness.

concept of Nishkama-karma

Concept of Nishkama-Karma

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Types of Karmas

Nishkam Karma

  • action that is performed without any desire for the fruit or the end result.

  • Such action uproots bestiality in man and confers divinity upon him and bring calmness and peace.

  • Contains Sattva Guna

Sakam Karma

  • action that is performed because of a desire for the fruit or the end result.

  • Such action foster desires, selfishness, agony, misery, aggression, etc.

  • Contains Rajas Guna

Similarity with Western Concept

Western Concept

Western Concept

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Famous Thinkers

Gandhi

  • Advocated for the concept of Karma Yoga.

  • Advocated for the concept of Nishkama-karma

  • Advocated for the concept of Lokasamgraha

Tilak

  • First commentator on the Gita (Gita Bhashya).

  • He writes, Lord Krishna’s teachings were not just for Arjuna, but it is for us all (Indians).

  • Indians should work together for social and political upliftment of the Nation & its people !

  • Suchan act of serving is nothing but Nishkamkarma which would lead to Lokasamgraha or universal welfare.

Nishkama-Karma & Lokasamgraha

Nishkama-karma and Lokasamgraha

Nishkama-Karma and Lokasamgraha

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  • Two sides of the same coin

  • Individual dimension - Nishkama-karma

  • Social Dimension- Lokasamgraha

MCQs

1. The concept of Lokasamgraha has been taken from

  1. Rig Veda

  2. Upanishads

  3. Both A and B

  4. Bhagavad Gita

Answer: D

Explanation: Lokasamgraha is in the sacred text, Bhagavad Gita. It means universal welfare, universal well-being.

2. Gita bhashya is the commentary on Gita by

A. Tilak

B. Gandhi

C. Seers/Rishis

D. Vivekananda

Answer: A

Explanation: Gita bhashya is the commentary on Gita by Tilak.

3. Match the following

Set I

1. Social Dimension

2. Individual Dimension

3. Altruism

4. Duty for Duty’s sake

Set II

a. Lokasamgraha

b. Nishkama-karma

Code: 1234

A. abab

B. baba

C. aabb

D. baab

Answer: A

Explanation:

1. Social Dimension -Lokasamgraha

2. Individual Dimension - Nishkama-karma

3. Altruism- Lokasamgraha

4. Duty for Duty’s sake - Nishkama-karma

4. Sakam Karma contains

A. Sattva guna

B. Rajas guna

C. Tamas guna

D. Both B and C

Answer: B

Explanation: Sakam Karma contains ONLY rajas guna.

5. Gandhi advocated for

A. Altruism

B. Karma Yoga

C. Nishkama-karma

D. All of the above

Answer: D

Explanation: Gandhi advocated for the concept of Karma Yoga, Nishkama-karma and Lokasamgraha .

Lokasamgraha is equivalent of the western epistemological concept Altruism