Right to Education (RTE): Right to Education Act 2009 and 2012

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  • Article 21-A - Right for compulsory elementary education to children of age group 6 to 14.

  • Article 21 -A was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002.

  • Article-45 - Early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 years.

  • Article 51 A - Provide Opportunities for Education

Right to Education Act 2009

  • The Act implemented the constitutional provision of Article 21.A

  • The Act was enforced on 1st April 2010.

Salient Features of the Act

  • It provides free elementary education in neighborhood school

  • It clarifies compulsory education means obligation on Government for free elementary education.

  • Admission of children in age appropriate class

  • Specifies duties and responsibilities of Government, Parents and Educational Institutions

  • Specifies sharing of finances between Central and state Government

  • Lays down norms for Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) thus , ensuring no imbalance in teacher posting in Urban and Rural Area

  • It prohibits Physical punishment, Capitation fees, Private Tuitions and Schools without recognition

  • Development of Curriculum in line with the Values enshrined in the Constitution for all round development

  • Establishment of National and State advisory Council

  • Provides the establishment of School Management Committee for monitoring, preparing and recommending school development plan

Right to Education Act 2012

  • It amended Right to Education Act 2009

  • It included Children with disabilities under RTE Act

  • Home Based Education for Children with Severe Disabilities

  • Minority Educational Institutions shall function in advisory capacity

  • RTE Act provisions does not apply to religious educational institutions

Achievements of RTE Act

  • Increased number of Enrolment

  • Improved School Infrastructure

  • Inclusive Education

  • No Detention Policy

  • Integrated scheme for school education Samagra Siksha Abhiyan