Constitution, Various Constitutional Posts, Other Bodies, Article

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Various Constitutional Posts

Table of Various Constitutional Posts

CAG

UPSC

SPSC

EC

Nat Comm SC

Nat Comm ST

Officer Linguistic Minorities

Article

148

315-323

315-323

324

338. By 65th amendment (1990) as Nat Comm of SC and ST

338A 89th amendment

350 B – 7th Amendment.

1957

Appointment

By president

Chairman and Members by President

Governor (but can be removed only by President)

President

President

President

Chair, VC, 3 members

Qualification

None

None except half the members govt servants 10 yrs

None except half the members govt servants 10 yrs

Tenure

Max six years till 65 years

Max six years till 65 years. Single term.

Max six years till 62 years. Single term

Max six years till 65

Determined by Pres. Hold office for 3 years

Determined by Pres. Hold office for 3 years

Removal

Same manner and ground as SC judge

By president: Insolvent, outside employment, infirmity of mind or body. Also misbehaviour has to refer to SC. Binding advice

President same as UPSC

CEC: Same manner and ground at SC judge

Members: cannot be removed without the recommendation of the CEC

Further employment

Not eligible under centre or state govt

Chairman: Not under the govt or state (except governor).

Members: Only as UPSC or SPSC chairman

Chairman: As Chairman of UPSC of any other SPSC but no other under govt.

Members: Same except that they can also be appointed as same SPSC chairman

Not debarred from any further employment

Service conditions

Determined by Parliament

By president. Jurisdiction can be extended by parliament

Similar to that of SC Judge

Others

President can exclude posts, services and matters from purview of SPSC. Rejected recommendations to be approved by the Appointments Committee

Governor can exclude posts, services and matters from purview of SPSC

Can regulate its own procedure

Powers of civil court

Also enquires matters relating to OBCs and Anglo Indians

Bifurcated after 89th amendment (2003). So came into being in 2004

Can regulate its own procedure

Powers of civil court

HQ: Allahabad

Regional office: Belgaum, Chennai, Kolkata

Falls under the ministry of Minority Affairs

Other Bodies

Other Bodies

PC

NDC

NHRC

SHRC

CVC

CIC

Estd

1950 executive resolution

1952 executive resolution

1993 – Statutory

1993 - Statutory

1964 – executive res

2003 - statute

2005 – statute

Composition

1 Chair, 4 Members, 4 ex-officio members (Chair of Nat com of SC, ST, Minorities, Women)

1 Chair, 2 Members

1 CVC, 2 VC

1 CIC and 10 members. Persons of eminence in public life etc.

Qualification

Chair: Ex CJI

Members: Ex or serving SC/HC judge; 2 persons having human rights knowledge or experience

Chair: Ex CJI of HC

Members: Ex or serving HCJ/Dist J min 7 year exp and a person having knowledge of HR

Appointment

President on recommendation of six member committee – PM, Speaker, Dy Chair (RS), Leaders of Opposition in Both Houses, Home Min

By Governor on recommendation of committee –( centre counterparts)

President – 3 member committee

President by committee: PL, Leader of Opp. in LS, a Cabinet Minister

Tenure

5 years or till age of 70

5 yrs of till age 70

4 years or till age of 65

5 years of 65 age. No reappointment. IC can be appointed as CIC but total term 5years

Further employment

No

No

No

Removal

By President. Same as UPSC.

By President. Same as UPSC.

By President. Same as UPSC.

By President. Same as UPSC.

Conditions of services

By Central Govt

By State Govt

Same as UPSC

Same as EC/SC

Powers

Of a civil court. Can look into a matter only within one year of its occurance.

Powers of Civil court. Can look into a matter only within one year of its occurrence. Can enquire only on HR violations in matters relating to state list and concurrent list.

Powers of a civil court

Powers of a civil court

If you know this, you know that

  • CIC – State IC