General Studies: Important for Exam: Modern Indian History MCQ Part 21

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Q. Match the main features of the following British Acts introduced in India

Match the main features of the following British Acts introduced in India

List – I

List – II

A. Regulating Company’s Act of 1774

1. Gave a legalized constitution to the East India dominion in India

B. Pitts India British Act of 1784

2. Centralization of the Company under control of the Parliament

C. Queens Procla the Mation of 1858

3. End of the East India Company’s rule and India under British Crown

D. Indian Councils legislative Act of 1861

4. Enabled the Viceroy to associate Indians with Business

(a) 1 2 3 4

(b) 2 3 1 4

(c) 1 2 4 3

(d) 2 1 3 4

Q. The IIbert Bill was vehemently opposed by the Europeans in India because

(a) It greatly hurt their racial superiority and arrogance

(b) They had no faith in the India judges

(c) They feared revenge from the Indian Judges

(d) It was very demoralizing to the Europeans planters in India who ill – treated their servants

Q. Arrange the following annexations by the British in India in the correct chronological order:

1. Oudh

2. Upper Burma

3. South Kamara

4. Shimla, Naintal

Choose the Correct Option:

(a) 1, 3, 2 and 4

(b) 1, 3, 4 and 2

(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(d) 1, 4, 3 and 2

Q. Which of the following Mughal rulers was not a pensioner of the East India Company?

(a) Shah Alma II

(b) Akbar II

(c) Shah Johan II

(d) Bahadur Shah II

Q. R. C. Dutt in his Economic History of India says: “The moisture raised from the Indian soil under the British rule descended as fertilizing rain largely on England, not on India”. This statement refers to

(a) Export of Indian raw materials to England

(b) Drain of India’s wealth to England

(c) Import of English goods to India

(d) Maintenance of British army in India at India’s cost

Q. Dada Bhai Naroji, the greatest exponent of the theory of ‘Drain of Wealth”, called the economic exploitation of India.

(a) “Evil of all evils”

(b) “A continuous British invasion”

(c) Both (a) and (b) above

(d) “A continuous fleecing”

Q. Three sectors in which the British capital was largely invested in India were,

(a) Railways, banking, insurance and plantation

(b) Banking, insurance and opium cultivation

(c) Tea, coffee and indigo cultivation

(d) Mining, banking and insurance

Q. In spite of the availability of food grains, millions of Indian used to die in famines during the British period mainly because of

(a) The extremely high prices of food grains

(b) Lack of a public distribution system

(c) Poor purchasing power of the people

(d) Black marketing and hoarding

Q. In British India, in the Zamindari areas, the peasants were in bondage of the landlord. In the ryotwari areas, they were under the bondage of the money – lenders because

(a) The collection of revenue was so strict that the peasants had to take loan from the money lenders

(b) Agriculture had become unremunerated

(c) Peasants mortgaged their lands for the payment of revenue

(d) All of the above