Indian Architecture and Sculpture & Town planning for Kerala PSC

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Indian Architecture and Sculpture

Image of Indian Architecture and Sculpture

Image of Indian Architecture and Sculpture

Image of Indian Architecture and Sculpture

Indus valley civilization

Image of Indus Valley Civilization

Image of Indus Valley Civilization

Image of Indus Valley Civilization

  • Architecture

    • Town planning

    • Public bath

    • Granaries

    • dockyard

  • Sculpture

    • Bronze and terracotta sculpture

    • Seals

    • Stone sculpture

  • Miscelleneous

  • Ornaments

  • Pottery

Indus Valley Architecture

  • Indigenous art

  • No influence of outside.

  • Different from ancient and medieval architecture.

  • No integral use of sculpture.

  • Concentration on utility factor rather than artistic factor.

  • (Decorative embellishment may have been lost over time)

Town Planning

  • 3rd millennium B.C.

  • On and around Indus riverbank.

  • Walled cities for security.

  • No evidence of temples or any religious structure.

  • Burnt brick was widely used

  • Roads were wide and at right angles to one another-rectangular grid pattern of layout

  • Existence of assembly halls,workshops,hostels and market place

Two Parts of the Town

Image of Two Parts of Town

Image of Two Parts of Town

Image of Two Parts of Town

  • Citadel upper part for elite class Dominant citadel suggests some kind of political authority.

  • Non-citadel lower part for common people.

Houses

Image of houses of town planing

Image of Houses of Town Planing

Image of houses of town planing

  • Built of begged clay

  • Fixed size

  • Use of stone and wood

  • Included bath, upper storeys, and wells.

  • Evidence of big buildings public buildings or administrative or business centre.

  • Pillared halls and courtyard.

Public Bath

Image of Public Bath

Image of Public Bath

Image of Public Bath

  • Tank type, stairs

  • Small rooms along with the bath.

  • Importance of ritual bathing.

  • Importance of cleanliness.

  • The great bath of Mohenjo-Daro.

  • Still functional.

  • No leakages or cracks.