Details on Pal School, Apabransha School, & Mughal Paintings for Kerala PSC

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Pal School

Image of Pal School

Image of Pal School

Image of Pal School

  • Lonely human figures found

  • Mainly manuscript paintings

  • Initially done on palm leaf, later on paper

  • Theme Buddhist and Hinduism

  • Nature representation banana and coconut tree

Apabransha School

Image of Apabransha School

Image of Apabransha School

Image of Apabransha School

  • Mewar and Gujarat region

  • Theme Jain and Vaishnav

  • Characteristics

  • Bulgin eyes

  • Pointed nose

  • Double chin

  • Use of bright and gold colours

  • Figures are stiff

  • Animals and birds are represented as toys

Image of Medieval Paintings

Image of Medieval Paintings

Image of Medieval Paintings

Mughal Paintings

Image of Mughal Painting

Image of Mughal Painting

Image of Mughal Painting

  • Indian, Persian and European influence

  • Mostly or generally miniature paintings

  • Use of brilliant colours

  • Accuracy in line drawing

  • Ornamentation

  • Variety of themes

  • Use of forsightening technique

Babur

  • No time for painting

  • Patronized a Persian painter Bihzad

Humayun

  • He brought 2 Persian painters

  • Abdus sammad

  • Mir sayyed Ali

  • So Persian influence is there

Akbar

Image of Akbar

Image of Akbar

Image of Akbar

Jahangir

Image of Jahangir

Image of Jahangir

Image of Jahangir

Image of Birds and Animals

Image of Birds and Animals

Image of Birds and Animals

  • Mughal period reached at its climax

  • Jahangir was naturalist-preferred paintings on the theme of birds,animals and other elements of nature like flowers

  • Portrait painting started

  • Decorated margins

  • He had his workshop too

  • Famous painter Ustad Mansoor

  • Famous paintings zebra,Turkey,maulaana do pyaaza

Shahjahan

Image of Shahjahan

Image of Shahjahan

Image of Shahjahan

  • Too much use of gold, silver and bright colours

  • Reduced liveliness

  • Artificial look

  • This unnatural look suggests European influence

  • Pencil drawing/sketching started

Aurangzeb

  • Discouraged paintings

  • Dispersal of artists from Mughal court

  • Hence the concept of regional school started