D. P. Mukherjee: Tradition, Sociology YouTube Lecture Handouts

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  • Dr. Dhurjati Prasad Mukherjee
  • One of the founding fathers of Sociology
  • Indian Sociological Association – founder
  • Bureau of Economics and Statistics
  • Indian traditions and western civilization
  • Music, literature, economics


  • Marxian interpretation of history
  • Studied problems as social process
  • Democracy in Industry – First essay
  • Basic concepts of Sociology
  • Personality and Social Science
  • Tagore
  • Problems of Indian Youth
  • Diversities
  • Methodology:
    • Marxian
    • Holistic approach of personality
    • Psycho-social method
    • Logic and rationality – philosophical methods

What is tradition?

A long established procedure

A belief or a custom handed down from one generation to another

Views on Indian Tradition

  • Our existence is based on our traditions
  • Book – Diversities, 1958
  • Study social traditions
  • Changes in it by internal and external pressure
  • External forces – economic – mode of production
  • When MoP is altered traditions survive by adjustments

Dialectic of Traditions

  • Investigation of truth by examining contradiction
  • Traditions have power to resist and absorb
  • Adjustment capacity measured by vitality
  • Understanding tradition to understand their change
  • Empathy over sympathy during understanding
  • Use of insight
  • Capacity to judge with discipline
  • Not enough for an Indian Sociologist to be a sociologist but he should be an Indian first
  • Sanskrit and local dialect
  • Not to go after pure know-how
  • Accept group reject individual
  • Tradition be the central theme


  • Conserving traditions
  • Interpretations sabotage traditions
  • Depth analysis of tradition
  • From surface to deep levels of values, experiences
  • Social symbols – which are things in themselves and not signs or appearances
  • Study of sociology is study of traditions


Q. 1. Even change in Indian society can be understood by studying its traditions. Who has argued this?

(A) Radha Kamal Mukherjee

(B) D. P. Mukherjee

(C) M. N. Srinivas

(D) S. C. Dube

Answer: (B)

Q. 2. Assertion (A) : D. P. Mukherjee preferred to call himself ‘Marxologist’ rather than Marxist.

Reason (R) : He attempted a dialectical interpretation of the encounter between the Indian tradition and modernity which was characterized more by value assimilation and cultural synthesis and less by ‘class struggle’ .

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:


(A) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A) .

(C) (A) is false, but (R) is true and (R) is the incorrect explanation of (A) .

(D) (A) is false and (R) is true.

Answer: (B)

#Theoretical Perspectives

#Marxian Perspective

#D P Mukherjee (For SET)

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